John Jones Ross

The Hon.

John Jones Ross
John Jones Ross2.jpg
7th Premier of Quebec
In office
January 23, 1884 – January 25, 1887
Lieutenant GovernorThéodore Robitaille
Louis-Rodrigue Masson
Preceded byJoseph-Alfred Mousseau
Succeeded byLouis-Olivier Taillon
Senator for De la Durantaye, Quebec
In office
April 12, 1887 – May 4, 1901
Preceded byJean-Charles Chapais
Succeeded byAlphonse Arthur Miville Déchêne
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Champlain
In office
September 20, 1867 – January 22, 1874
Succeeded byHippolyte Montplaisir
Member of the Legislative Council of Quebec for Shawinigan
In office
November 2, 1867 – May 4, 1901
Appointed byNarcisse-Fortunat Belleau
Preceded byPreceded by the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada
Succeeded byNémèse Garneau
MLA for Champlain
In office
September 1, 1867 – November 2, 1867
Preceded byPreceded by the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada
Succeeded byJean-Charles Chapais
Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for Champlain
In office
Preceded byJoseph-Édouard Turcotte
Succeeded byReplaced by the Legislative Assembly of Quebec
Personal details
Born(1831-08-16)August 16, 1831
Quebec City, Lower Canada
DiedMay 4, 1901(1901-05-04) (aged 69)
Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade (La Pérade), Quebec, Canada
Political partyConservative
Arline Lanouette
(m. 1854)
OccupationPhysician, Militia officer
Minister Without Portfolio (1896)
Commissioner of Railways (1881–1882)
Commissioner of Agriculture and Public Works (1884–1887)
Speaker of the Senate (1891–1896)
President of the Legislative Council (1873–1874 & 1876–1878 & 1879–1881)

John Jones Ross, PC (August 16, 1831 – May 4, 1901) was a Canadian politician. Ross served as Premier of Quebec and later as a member of the Senate of Canada.

Personal life

Ross was born in Quebec City, Canada. He was the son of a Scots-Quebecer merchant, George McIntosh Ross, and his French-Canadian wife Sophie-Éloïse Gouin.

Political career

Province of Canada Assembly

Ross belonged to the Parti bleu and was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for the district of Champlain in 1861. He was re-elected in 1863 and served until 1867.

Provincial politics

Ross was elected to the newly established Legislative Assembly of Quebec for the district of Champlain in 1867, but resigned only a few months later to become a Conservative Member of the Legislative Council of Quebec for Shawinigan. From 1873 to 1874, 1876 to 1878 and 1879 to 1882, Ross served as Speaker of the Legislative Council, of whom he remained a member until his death in 1901.

He was Minister without Portfolio from 1876 to 1878 and from 1879 to 1881, as well as the seventh Premier of Quebec from January 23, 1884, to January 25, 1887,

Federal politics

Ross successfully ran as a Conservative candidate for the district of Champlain in the 1872 federal election, but did not run for re-election in the 1874.

He was appointed to the Senate of Canada for the Division of La Durantaye in 1887 and served as Speaker of that institution from 1891 to 1896.

Ross also was Minister without Portfolio in the federal Cabinet for a couple of months in 1896.

Elections as party leader

He lost the 1886 provincial election as Leader of the Conservative Party of Quebec but remained in power in a minority government until he resigned on January 25, 1887. He died in 1901 in Quebec City.

See also


  • "John Jones Ross". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016.
  • "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.
  • John Jones Ross – Parliament of Canada biography

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