Joseph Anton Koch

Joseph Anton Koch
Drawing by Theodor Rehbenitz, 1830
Joseph Anton Koch

(1768-07-27)27 July 1768
Died12 January 1839(1839-01-12) (aged 70)

Joseph Anton Koch (27 July 1768 – 12 January 1839) was an Austrian painter of Neoclassicism and later the German Romantic movement; he is perhaps the most significant neoclassical landscape painter.


Landscape with Abraham and the Three Angels in the Valley of Mambre

The Tyrolese painter was born in Elbigenalp. Early in his life he was tending cattle. Through the recommendation of Bishop Umgelder (1785), he received academic training in the Karlsschule Stuttgart, a strict military academy. In 1791, he ran away, and traveled through France and Switzerland. He arrived in Rome in 1795. Koch was close to the painter Asmus Jacob Carstens and carried on Carstens' "heroic" art, at first in a literal manner. He etched the pages of Carstens' Les Argonautes, selon Pindar, Orphée et Apollonius de Rhode (Rome, 1799).[citation needed]

Waterfalls at Subiaco (1812–1813)

After 1800, Koch developed as a landscape painter. In Rome, he espoused a new type of "heroic" landscape, revising the classical compositions of Poussin and Lorrain with a more rugged, mountainous scenery. In 1812, forced through inadequate income from his work, or in protest of the French invasion, he went to Vienna, where he worked prolifically. He stayed in Vienna until 1815. During this period, he incorporated more non-classical themes in his work. In Vienna, he was influenced by Friedrich Schlegel and enthusiasts of old German art. In response, his style became harsher.[citation needed]

Landscape with Bileam, 1834

Koch returned to Rome, and became a conspicuous figure in the German artists' colony there. He painted, among other works, the four frescoes in the Dante Room of the Villa Massimi (1824–1829). His presence and personality had considerable influence among the younger generation in the art life of Rome, and his new approach had a wide influence on German landscape painters who visited Rome.[citation needed]

He wrote Moderne Kunstchronik oder die rumfordische Suppe gekocht und geschrieben von J. A. Koch (Stuttgart, 1834) which was directed humorously against unjustifiable criticism and false connoisseurship.[citation needed]

Koch's last years were spent in great poverty. He died in Rome, where he was buried in the Teutonic Cemetery, located next to St. Peter's Basilica within Vatican City.[citation needed]


  • Landscape with Noah, ca. 1803 – oil on canvas [86 × 116 cm] (Städel Museum, Frankfurt)
  • Schmadribach Falls in the Lauterbach Valley, 1811
  • Noah's Sacrifice, 1813
  • Grimsel Pass, 1813
  • View in the Sabine Mountains, 1813
  • Monastery of San Francesco di Civitella, 1814
  • Landscape with Ruth and Boaz, ca. 1823/25 – oil on canvas
  • Grindelwald Glacier in the Alps, 1823, National Museum in Wrocław
  • View of Nauplia, 1830
  • View Near Subiaco
  • Macbeth and the Witches

He etched 20 Italian landscapes and a large sheet representing The Oath of the French at Millesimo; 14 pages after Dante, adding later another 30 pages (published Vicenza, 1904), and 36 pages after Ossian. He contributed American landscape scenes to the works of Alexander von Humboldt (1805).


  • Vaughan, William (1980). German Romantic Painting. New Haven and London: Yale University Press; pp. 37–38. ISBN 0-300-02387-1


Further reading

  • Strauss, Kleine Schriften (Bonn, 1877)
  • Frimmel, in Dohme, Kunst und Künstler des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts (Leipzig, 1884)

External links

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