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Kỳikatêjê dialect

  (Redirected from Kỳikatêjê language)
Kỳikatêjê
Native toBrazil
RegionPará
EthnicityKỳikatêjê
Native speakers
9 (?)[1]:10 (2015)
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)
GlottologNone

Kỳikatêjê[2] or Kyikatêjê[3][1]:10 is a dialect of Pará Gavião, a language of Brazil. It spoken by the Kỳikatêjê people in Terra Indígena Mãe Maria (Bom Jesus do Tocantins, Pará). Almost all speakers are over 40 years old; the younger generations have shifted to Portuguese.[2] Kỳikatêjê is closely related to the Parkatêjê dialect, spoken by another Timbira group in the same reservation.

Phonology

Consonants

The consonantal inventory of Kỳikatêjê is as follows.[3]:62

labial/labiovelar alveolar palatal velar glottal
obstruents p t k
fricative h
nasals m n
oral sonorants w ɾ j

The stops /p k t/ are sometimes phonetically aspirated in coda: /pɨtit/ [pɨˈtitʰ] ‘one’. The approximant /j/ surfaces as [ʒ] preceding one of /ɨ̃ ĩ/, as in /mpɔ-jĩ/ [mpɔˈʒĩ] ‘meat’, /pa mũ jɨ̃/ [pamũˈʒɨ̃] ‘I sat down’. /n/ is optionally assimilated to [ŋ] before /k/, as in [ĩnkɾiˈɾɛ] ~ [ĩŋkɾiˈɾɛ] ‘small’. The voiced labial fricative and the glottal stop [ʔ] have been attested in one word each, [kuβeneˈɾɛ] ‘bird’ and [aʔə̃ˈɾɛ] ‘hen’.

Available complex onsets include /pɾ kɾ mp/ (and possibly others). The maximum syllable in Kỳikatêjê is /CCVC/.

Vowels

The vowel inventory of Kỳikatêjê is as follows.[3]:62

Oral Nasal
i ɨ u ĩ ɨ̃ ũ
e ə o ə̃ õ
ɛ ɜ ɔ
a

References

  1. ^ a b Nikulin, Andrey (2020). Proto-Macro-Jê: um estudo reconstrutivo (PDF) (Ph.D. dissertation). Brasília: Universidade de Brasília.
  2. ^ a b Barboza, Tereza; Costa, Lucivaldo; Sompré, Concita (2016). "Situação sociolinguística dos Gavião Kyikatejê". Domínios de Lingu@gem. 10 (4): 1238–1256. doi:10.14393/DL27-v10n4a2016-3.
  3. ^ a b c Silva, Marília de Nazaré Ferreira (2014). "Descrição fonético-fonológica do Kyikatêjê". Letras de Hoje. 49 (1): 56. doi:10.15448/1984-7726.2014.1.14864.



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