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Kaba-class destroyer

Japanese destroyer Kaba Taisho 12.jpg
Kaba departing Ryojun, 1925
Class overview
NameKaba class
Operators Imperial Japanese Navy
Preceded by Urakaze class
Succeeded by Isokaze class
Subclasses Arabe class (French Navy)
In commission1915–1932
Completed10
Retired10
General characteristics
TypeDestroyer
Displacement
Length
  • 260 ft (79.2 m) (pp)
  • 274 ft (83.5 m) (o/a)
Beam24 ft (7.3 m)
Draught7 ft 9 in (2.4 m)
Installed power
Propulsion3 shafts; 3 triple-expansion steam engines
Speed30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Range1,600 nmi (3,000 km; 1,800 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Complement92
Armament

The Kaba-class destroyers (樺型駆逐艦, Kabagata kuchikukan) were a class of ten destroyers of the Imperial Japanese Navy.[1] Each was named after a variety of tree.

Background

At the outbreak of World War I, the Imperial Japanese Navy had a total of two modern destroyers capable of overseas deployment: the Sakura class Sakura and Tachibana. It was clear that this force would not enable Japan to fulfill its obligations under the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, so the Japanese government pushed through an Emergency Naval Expansion Budget in fiscal 1914 to allow for the construction of ten new destroyers. As speed was of the essence, the orders were given to both government and civilian shipyards (as was the case with the construction of the Russo-Japanese War vintage Kamikaze-class).[2]

Twelve more vessels were built by the same shipyards in Japan per an order from the French Navy, where they were designated the Tribal class (or Arabe class) [3] named Algérien, Annamite, Arabe, Bambara, Hova, Kabyle, Marocain, Sakalave, Sénégalais, Somali, Tonkinois, and Touareg. The Arabe class were the most advanced destroyers in the French inventory in World War I.[4]

Design

These 2nd class destroyers were funded under the September 1914 War Budget. The ten Kaba-class vessels were built simultaneously at eight different shipyards around Japan. As there was no time to design a new vessel, plans for the previous Sakura-class destroyers were distributed to each shipyard, with the instructions that the power plant was to be a conventional coal-fired triple expansion steam engine, and not a steam turbine.

Armament was almost the same as that of the Sakura class, with one QF 4.7 inch Gun Mk I - IV, mounted on the deck forward of the bridge, and four 3 inch 12 pounder guns, mounted one on either side and two towards the stern of the ship, with two twin torpedo launchers on rotating centreline mounts, although the latter were the new 533mm type instead of the 450mm type in the Sakura class.

Operational history

Given the speed of construction and the fact that eight different shipyards were used, it is a tribute to the Japanese shipbuilders that all ten vessels produced were uniform in appearance and capabilities, and performed reliably in their overseas deployment to the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea in combat operations in World War I.[5] This deployment began with Rear Admiral Kozo Sato arrived in Malta in mid-April 1917, with the cruiser Akashi as his flagship and eight Kaba-class destroyers.[6][7] The Japanese fleet was nominally independent, but carried out operations under the direction of the Royal Navy command on Malta, primarily in escort operations for transport and troopship convoys and in anti-submarine warfare operations.[8] Sakaki was damaged by the Austro-Hungarian Navy U-boat U-27 on 11 June 1917 off of Crete with the loss of 68 of her 92 crewmen. She was salvaged and repaired.[9][10]

All ten vessels survived the war, and were stricken in November 1931 and broken up.[11]

Ships

Construction data
Kanji Name Translation Builder Laid down Launched Completed Fate
Kaba Birch Tree Yokosuka Naval Arsenal 1 December 1914 6 February 1915 5 March 1915 Retired, 1 April 1932
Kashiwa Oak Tree Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Nagasaki 3 November 1914 14 February 1915 4 April 1915
Sakaki Sakaki Tree (Cleyera japonica) Sasebo Naval Arsenal 1 December 1914 4 March 1915 31 March 1915
Katsura Japanese Judas Tree Kure Naval Arsenal 5 November 1914 15 February 1915 26 March 1915
Sugi Japanese Cedar Osaka Iron Works 24 November 1914 16 February 1915 7 April 1915
Kaede Maple Tree Maizuru Naval Arsenal 25 October 1914 20 February 1915 25 March 1915
Ume Plum Tree Kawasaki Shipbuilding, Kobe 10 November 1914 27 February 1915 31 March 1915
Kiri Paulownia Tree Uraga Dock Company 24 November 1914 28 February 1915 22 April 1915
Kusunoki Camphor Tree Kawasaki Shipbuilding, Kobe 10 November 1914 5 March 1915 31 March 1915
Matsu Pine Tree Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Nagasaki 3 November 1914 5 March 1915 6 April 1915

References

Notes

  1. ^ Globalsecurity.org, IJN Kaba class destroyers
  2. ^ Howarth, The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun
  3. ^ "Arabe French destroyer class". Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  4. ^ Tucker. The European Powers in the First World War. Page. 165
  5. ^ Jentsura, Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945
  6. ^ "Japanese Navy, IJN, World War 1". Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  7. ^ Halpern, Paul G (1994). A Naval History of World War I. Routledge. p. 393. ISBN 1-85728-498-4.
  8. ^ Halpern, Paul G (1994). A Naval History of World War I. Routledge. p. 393. ISBN 1-85728-498-4.
  9. ^ "Japanese Destroyers". Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  10. ^ "Japanese Navy, IJN, World War 1". Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  11. ^ Watts & Gordon. The Imperial Japanese Navy. Macdonald. p. 248. ISBN 0356030458.

Books

  • Cocker, Maurice (1983). Destroyers of the Royal Navy, 1893-1981. Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1075-7.
  • Evans, David (1979). Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887-1941. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-192-7.
  • Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895-1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-11402-8.
  • Halpern, Paul G (1994). A Naval History of World War I. Routledge. ISBN 1-85728-498-4.
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X.
  • Tucker, Spencer (1996). The European Powers in the First World War. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-8153-3351-X.
  • Watts, Anthony; Gordon, Brian (1971). The Imperial Japanese Navy. Macdonald. ISBN 0356030458.

External links



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