Kanamarí language

Native toBrazil
Ethnicity3,340 (2006–2008)[1]
Native speakers
1,300 (2006)[1]
  • Kanamari
  • Katukina
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
knm – Kanamari
kav – Katukina

Kanamarí, or Katukina-Kanamari, is a Katukinian language spoken by about 650 individuals in Amazonas, Brazil. It is considered endangered.

The two principal varieties, Kanamari (Canamarí) and Katukina (Catuquina), are mutually intelligible, and have both been confused with neighboring languages with the same or similar names.[3]

Synonyms and dialect names include Tshom-djapa, Tsohon-djapa, Wiri-dyapá, Pidá-dyapá, Kutiá-dyapá (Kadiu-diapa, Cutiadapa), Tucun-diapa, Bendiapa, Parawa.



Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k
voiced b d
Nasal m n ɲ
Fricative h
Approximant l

An alveolar lateral consonant /l/ may be realized as a retroflex lateral [ɭ]. A velar nasal [ŋ] sound is often heard when following after nasal vowels. A glottal stop [ʔ] can be heard before word-initial vowels. A word-final /k/ may also sound unreleased [k̚].


Front Central Back
High i iː ɯ ɯː u uː
Low a aː

/i/ and /u/ may be realized as approximant sounds [j] and [w], when preceding another vowel.[4]


  1. ^ a b Kanamari at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Katukina at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Katukína-Kanamarí". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Harald Hammarström (2013) Review of the Ethnologue, 16th Ed.
  4. ^ dos Anjos, Zoraide (2011). Fonologia e Gramática Katukina-Kanamari.
  • Queixalós, Francesc 2010. Grammatical relations in Katukina-Kanamari. In: Gildea, Spike and Francesc Queixalós (eds.), Ergativity in Amazonia . 2010. v, 319 pp. (pp. 235–284)
  • Queixalós, Francesc 2012. The Katukina-Kanamari antipassive. In: Gilles Authier and Katharina Haude (eds). Ergativity, Valency and Voice. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. (pp. 227–258)

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