Kazan school

Kazan School was an influential group of linguists in Kazan. The linguistic circle included the Polish linguist Jan Baudouin de Courtenay and his student Nikolai Trubetzkoy.

Mikołaj Kruszewski, Vasilii Alekseevich Bogoroditskii, Sergeĭ Konstantinovich Bulich, and Aleksandr Ivanovic Aleksandrov are usually considered members.

The Kazan school influenced the Prague school.



  • Roman Jakobson, “The Kazan school of Polish linguistics and its place in the international development of phonology”, Roman Jakobson: Selected Writings, vol. II: Word and Language. The Hague: Mouton, 1972.
  • J. Radwańska-Williams, “Examining our patrimony: The case of the Kazan School”, Historigraphia Linguistica 33 (2006): 357–90.

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