Kipea language Redirected from Kipeá language

Native toBrazil
Regionbetween Bahia and Maranhão
EthnicityKiriri people
Extinctmid 20th century
Language codes
ISO 639-3included in kzw

Kipeá (Quipea), or Kariri, is an extinct Karirian language of Brazil. It is sometimes considered a dialect of a single Kariri language. A short grammatical treatment is available.


Kipeá is well documented by Luiz Mamiani, a Jesuit priest who wrote a grammar[1] and catechism[2] of the Kipeá language during the late 1600s.[3]


The morphology of the Kipeá language is predominantly isolating and analytic, unusual for a language native to the Americas.[4]


Phonology of the Kipeá language:[5]

Consonant sounds
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k
voiced b d ɡ
Nasal m n ɲ
Affricate voiceless t͡s t͡ʃ
voiced d͡z d͡ʒ
Fricative s h
Approximant j

A voiced plosive [ɡ] can have an allophone of [ŋ].

Vowel/Nasal sounds
Front Central Back
High i ɨ u
Mid e o õ
Low a ã ɑ̃

Further reading

  • Ribeiro, E. R. (2010). Tapuya connections: language contact in eastern Brazil. LIAMES: Línguas Indígenas Americanas, 9(1), 61-76. doi:10.20396/liames.v9i1.1463


  1. ^ Mamiani, Luis Vincencio. 1699. Arte de grammatica da lingua brasilica da naçam Kiriri. Lisboa: Miguel Deslandes.
  2. ^ Mamiani, Luis Vincencio. 1698. Catecismo da doutrina christãa na lingua brasilica da naçam Kiriri. Lisboa: Miguel Deslandes.
  3. ^ Ribeiro, Eduardo Rivail. On the inclusion of the Karirí family in the Macro-Jê stock: additional evidence. Paper presented at SSILA 2011 (Pittsburgh), January 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Feature 20A: Fusion of Selected Inflectional Formatives". WALS. Retrieved November 13, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ de Azevedo, Gilda Maria Corrêa. 1965. Língua kirirí: descrição do dialeto Kipeá. (MA thesis, Universidade de Brasília; 116pp.)

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