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Kumamoto Prefecture

Kumamoto Prefecture

熊本県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese熊本県
 • RōmajiKumamoto-ken
Flag of Kumamoto Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Kumamoto Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Kumamoto Prefecture
Coordinates: 32°43′N 130°40′E / 32.717°N 130.667°E / 32.717; 130.667Coordinates: 32°43′N 130°40′E / 32.717°N 130.667°E / 32.717; 130.667
Country Japan
RegionKyushu
IslandKyushu
CapitalKumamoto
SubdivisionsDistricts: 9, Municipalities: 45
Government
 • GovernorIkuo Kabashima
Area
 • Total7,409.48 km2 (2,860.82 sq mi)
Area rank15th
Population
(June 1, 2019)
 • Total1,748,134
 • Rank23rd
 • Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-43
Websitewww.pref.kumamoto.jp
Symbols
BirdEurasian skylark (Alauda arvensis)
FlowerGentian (Gentiana scabra var. buergeri)
TreeCamphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)

Kumamoto Prefecture (熊本県, Kumamoto-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū.[1] Kumamoto Prefecture has a population of 1,748,134 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 7,409 km² (2,860 sq mi). Kumamoto Prefecture borders Fukuoka Prefecture to the north, Ōita Prefecture to the northeast, Miyazaki Prefecture to the southeast, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the south.

Kumamoto is the capital and largest city of Kumamoto Prefecture, with other major cities including Yatsushiro, Amakusa, and Tamana.[2] Kumamoto Prefecture is located in the center of Kyūshū on the coast of the Ariake Sea, across from Nagasaki Prefecture, with the mainland separated from the East China Sea by the Amakusa Archipelago. Kumamoto Prefecture is home to Mount Aso, the largest active volcano in Japan and among the largest in the world, with its peak 1,592 metres (5,223 ft) above sea level.

History

Historically, the area was called Higo Province; and the province was renamed Kumamoto during the Meiji Restoration.[3] The creation of prefectures was part of the abolition of the feudal system. The current Japanese orthography for Kumamoto literally means "bear root/origin", or "origin of the bear".

Geography

Map of Kumamoto Prefecture showing municipal boundaries
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town      Village

Kumamoto Prefecture is in the center of Kyushu, the southernmost of the four major Japanese islands. It is bordered by the Ariake inland sea and the Amakusa archipelago to the west, Fukuoka Prefecture and Ōita Prefecture to the north, Miyazaki Prefecture to the east, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the south.

Mount Aso (1,592 m (5,223 ft)), an extensive active volcano, is in the east of Kumamoto Prefecture. This volcano is located at the centre of the Aso caldera.

As of 31 March 2019, 21% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as natural parks: the Aso Kujū and Unzen-Amakusa National Parks; Kyūshū Chūō Sanchi and Yaba-Hita-Hikosan Quasi-National Parks; and Ashikita Kaigan, Itsuki Gokanoshō, Kinpōzan, Misumi-Ōyano Umibe, Okukuma, Shōtaisan, and Yabe Shūhen Prefectural Natural Parks.[4]

Cities

Hitoyoshi
Kumamoto City
Itsuki Village
Aso City

Fourteen cities are located in Kumamoto Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Amakusa, Kumamoto.svg Amakusa 天草市 683.17 83,082 Amakusa in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Arao Kumamoto no logo type.svg Arao 荒尾市 57.15 53,675 Arao in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Aso, Kumamoto.svg Aso 阿蘇市 376.25 27,039 Aso in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hitoyoshi, Kumamoto.svg Hitoyoshi 人吉市 210.55 33,461 Hitoyoshi in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kami-amakisa Kumamoto white version.JPG Kami-Amakusa 上天草市 126.94 27,603 Kamiamakusa in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kikuchi, Kumamoto.svg Kikuchi 菊池市 276.66 49,455 Kikuchi in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Koshi Kumamoto vector.svg Kōshi 合志市 53.19 61,022 Koshi in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kumamoto, Kumamoto.svg Kumamoto (capital) 熊本市 390.32 738,907 Kumamoto in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minamata, Kumamoto.svg Minamata 水俣市 162.88 25,310 Minamata in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tamana, Kumamoto.svg Tamana 玉名市 152.55 70,530 Tamana in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Uki Kumamoto.JPG Uki 宇城市 188.56 59,928 Uki in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Uto Kumamoto.JPG Uto 宇土市 74.17 37,442 Uto in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yamaga, Kumamoto.svg Yamaga 山鹿市 299.67 53,404 Yamaga in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yatsushiro, Kumamoto.svg Yatsushiro 八代市 680.59 129,358 Yatsushiro in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Type Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Asagiri Kumamoto.JPG Asagiri あさぎり町 159.56 15,796 Kuma District Town Asagiri in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ashikita Kumamto.JPG Ashikita 芦北町 233.48 16,306 Ashikita District Town Ashikita in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Gyokuto Kumamoto.JPG Gyokutō 玉東町 24.4 5,363 Tamana District Town Gyokuto in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hikawa Kumamoto.jpg Hikawa 氷川町 33.29 12,250 Yatsushiro District Town Hikawa in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Itsuki Kumamoto.jpg Itsuki 五木村 252.94 1,136 Kuma District Village Itsuki in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kashima Kuamamoto.jpg Kashima 嘉島町 16.66 9,119 Kamimashiki District Town Kashima in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kikuyo Kumamoto.jpg Kikuyō 菊陽町 37.57 41,411 Kikuchi District Town Kikuyo in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kosa Kumamoto.JPG Kōsa 甲佐町 57.87 10,924 Kamimashiki District Town Kosa in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kuma Kumamoto.jpg Kuma 球磨村 207.73 3,863 Kuma District Village Kuma in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mashiki Kumamoto.gif Mashiki 益城町 65.67 33,001 Kamimashiki District Town Mashiki in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mifune Kumamoto.jpg Mifune 御船町 99 16,901 Kamimashiki District Town Mifune in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minamiaso Kumamoto.jpg Minamiaso 南阿蘇村 137.3 11,086 Aso District Village Minamiaso in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minamioguni Kumamoto.jpg Minamioguni 南小国町 115.86 3,977 Aso District Town Minamioguni in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Misato Kumamoto.JPG Misato 美里町 144.03 10,532 Shimomashiki District Town Misato in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mizukami Kumamoto.jpg Mizukami 水上村 192.11 2,276 Kuma District Village Mizukami in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nagasu Kumamoto.JPG Nagasu 長洲町 19.43 16,125 Tamana District Town Nagasu in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nagomi Kumamoto.JPG Nagomi 和水町 98.75 10,030 Tamana District Town Nagomi in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nankan Kumamoto.JPG Nankan 南関町 68.92 9,572 Tamana District Town Nankan in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nishihara Kumamoto.jpg Nishihara 西原村 77.23 6,752 Aso District Vilage Nishihara in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nishiki Kumamoto.jpg Nishiki 錦町 84.87 10,899 Kuma District Town Nishiki in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Oguni Kumamoto.jpg Oguni 小国町 137 8,735 Aso District Town Oguni in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ozu Kumamoto.JPG Ōzu 大津町 99.09 33,793 Kikuchi District Town Ozu in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Reihoku Kumamoto.JPG Reihoku 苓北町 67.06 7,462 Amakusa District Town Reihoku in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Sagara Kumamoto.jpg Sagara 相良村 94.54 4,598 Kuma District Village Sagara in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Takamori Kumamoto.jpg Takamori 高森町 174.9 6,189 Aso District Town Takamori in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Taragi Kuamamoto.jpg Taragi 多良木町 165.87 9,604 Kuma District Town Taragi in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tsunagi Kumamoto.JPG Tsunagi 津奈木町 33.97 4,574 Ashikita District Town Tsunagi in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ubuyama Kumamoto.jpg Ubuyama 産山村 60.72 1,542 Aso District Village Ubuyama in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yamae Kumamoto.JPG Yamae 山江村 121.2 3,553 Kuma District Village Yamae in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yamato Kumamoto.jpg Yamato 山都町 544.83 15,771 Kamimashiki District Town Yamato in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yunomae Kumamoto.jpg Yunomae 湯前町 48.41 4,046 Kuma District Town Yunomae in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers

Demographics

The population was on 1 June 2019 at 1,748,134 inhabitants with a population density of 236 per km ². The prefecture ranks 23rd in Japan.

Economy

Tsūjun Bridge in Yamato, Kamimashiki

There is a Honda motorcycle plant.

Tourism

The prefecture has a mascot named "Kumamon", a black bear with red cheeks, who was created to attract tourists to the region after the Kyushu Shinkansen line opened.[5][6]

Education

Universities

National

Public

Private

Transportation

Rail

Tramway

Road

Expressways and toll roads

National highways

Ports

Ferry routes

Airport

Sports

Roasso Kumamoto franchise stadium in KKWing of Kumamoto

These sports teams are based in the prefecture:

  • Professional:
  • Amateur:
    • Kumamoto Golden Larks - regional baseball

The Kumamoto Prefecture will host the 2019 World Women's Handball Championship, having previously hosted the 1997 World Men's Handball Championship.

Sister cities

Kumamoto Prefecture is the 'sister state/prefecture' of Montana in the United States.

Kumamoto has a sister city located in Texas named San Antonio, which holds an annual fall festival 'akimatsuri' for its Japanese citizens. In 2015 the mascot, 'Kumamon' visited as an honorary ambassador during the festival located at the Japanese Tea Gardens.

Notable people

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kumamoto prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 572, p. 572, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Kumamoto" in p. 572, p. 572, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. 31 March 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  5. ^ The Life and Times of Japan's Mascots
  6. ^ "Top Ten Japanese Character Mascots". Finding Fukuoka. 2012-01-13. Retrieved 2013-02-16.
  7. ^ JpopAsia. "Miku (BAND-MAID) | JpopAsia". JpopAsia. Retrieved 2018-03-11.
  8. ^ "Eiichiro Oda, Hajime Isayama Show Their Support After Kumamoto Earthquakes". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2018-03-11.
  9. ^ "Hitomi at AV Idol Directory". in Japanese

References

External links


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