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Laxmi Sharma

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Laxmi Sharma
Laxmi Sharma 2 (cropped).png
Sharma in 2017.
Born
Kathmandu, Nepal
NationalityNepali
Known forBeing the first women to drive a auto rickshaw.

Laxmi Sharma is a Nepali entrepreneur. She is credited as the first women to drive an auto-rickshaw and went on to establish the first button factory in Nepal. Sharma was married at a young age, after getting a divorce she worked as a housemaid for sixteen years. Later, she started to drive a rickshaw. Though she was harassed for being a woman driver, she went on to open Laxmi Wood Craft Udhyog, a company that made buttons. The buttons were exported to Germany, Switzerland, Zambia, Denmark and the USA.

Personal life

Sharma worked at the royal palace where she had to pick flowers during Puja, after that, she had to clean the room and spent time with the princess.[1] Sharma received about 20 Nepalese rupees a month.[1] After the queen passed away, she had to adjust at home.[1] She said: "It was difficult for me as a kid to adjust to such drastic lifestyle changes—from living in a palace, where people took care of me, to going back home, where I had to learn to cook and clean".[1]

At the age of 13, Sharma got married, with her husband she had three daughters.[2] At an early age she was not ready but she was forced to have a child.[1] She lost her first child as she was "not physically, or mentally, ready to mother a child".[1] She describes the process as "emotionally traumatising".[2] After fourteen years of marriage, they had a divorce because she was being disrespected by him.[2][3] She also didn't want her children's to grow in a disrespectful environment.[1] To provide for her children, she worked as a housemaid for about 16 years.[2]

Career

In 1981, Sharma bought an auto-rickshaw (tempo) for about 10,000 Nepalese rupees (approximately US$80 in 2020) which she borrowed from her family members.[2] She also hired a man to operate the tempo.[2] Sharma started to be trained as a mechanic, where she studied for eight months in Nepal and three months in India.[2] Since she wasn't making any profits from the tempo, she decided to drive the tempo.[2] She drove the tempo for about four years without a license unaware that she needed one.[2] She is credited as being the first women to drive an auto-rickshaw.[3][2][4][5] Sharma later revealed that she was being insulted and harassed by her community for driving the tempo.[3] She added: "Men harassed her — making sexual innuendos, pulling her hair, even trying to touch her. Sometimes even female passengers refused to pay the fare because, as a woman, she posed no threat".[2] She later started to make 100 rupees a day (US$0.80 in 2020).[2] Furthermore, she bought five tempos.[2]

Two years later, after quitting driving she opened Laxmi Wood Craft Udhyog, a button factory.[1] It was the first button factory in Nepal.[6] She hired four people to work in the factory.[1] They made the buttons from "bones and horns of animals, particularly buffalos".[1][7] Her buttons were exported to Germany, Switzerland, Zambia, Denmark and the USA.[1] She describes the sales as "they started selling like hot cakes" but not initially she remembers "haranguing tales of physical abuse when having gone to collect fruits of her labor".[8] The buttons are imported by major companies including Ralph Lauren and Zara.[8] The company has made about 15 thousand designs of buttons.[6] Sharma had spent a lot of time in the library where she taught herself about "European art and craft and the equipment used".[9]

Accolades

Year Award Category Result Ref(s)
1999 Title of "The First Female Tempo Driver of Nepal" Honoured [3][10]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "A true trailblazer". M&S Vmag. Archived from the original on 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Nepal's First Female Tempo Driver Establishes Reliable Route to Financial Independence". Global Press Journal. 16 April 2014. Archived from the original on 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d "Interview with Laxmi Sharma" (PDF). Liverpool John Moores University. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 June 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  4. ^ "Women On Wheels". The Rising Nepal. Archived from the original on 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  5. ^ "पहिलो महिला टेम्पो चालक" (PDF). Hot Nepal. p. 22. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Laxmi Wood Craft Udhyog" (PDF). UN Global Compact. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 June 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  7. ^ "Devis and our women". The Himalayan Times. 2 October 2007. Archived from the original on 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Past Highlights #2 Spirit of Entrepreneurship Celebrated at GEW 2014". GENglobal. Archived from the original on 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  9. ^ "The Curious Case of Laxmi's Buttons". ECS NEPAL. Archived from the original on 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Guest lecture by Allen Bailochan Tuladhar on 'Entrepreneurship and Steps To Be Successful in Life'". Kathmandu Don Bosco College. Archived from the original on 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.

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