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List of Phoenician cities

Phoenician colonies

This is a list of cities and colonies of Phoenicia in modern-day Lebanon, coastal Syria and northern Israel and the region of Palestine, as well as cities founded or developed by the Phoenicians in Eastern Mediterranean area, North Africa, Southern Europe, and the islands of the Mediterranean Sea.

Levant

Lebanon

Syria

Israel

Eastern Mediterranean

Turkey

  • Myriandus - in modern-day Turkey
  • Sam'al - Cilicia; in modern-day Turkey. Fortress city protecting the trade route to Anatolia
  • Karatepe
  • Finike - historically known as Phoenicus

Cyprus

North Africa

Algeria

Libya

Morocco

Western Sahara or Mauritania

  • Cerne (Unknown whether Cerne was in Western Sahara or Mauritania)

Tunisia

Europe / Elsewhere

France

Italy

Malta

Portugal

Spain

Sources

References

  1. ^ Guizot, F.P.G, A Popular History of France, From the Earliest Times, Volume I, Boston, 1869
  2. ^ Peter Whitfield (2005). Cities of the World: A History in Maps. University of California Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-520-24725-3.
  3. ^ Nathan Laughlin Pilkington (2013). "An Archaeological History of Carthaginian Imperialism". Academic Commons, Columbia.edu. Columbia University. p. 170. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  4. ^ David Wright; Patrick Swift (1 January 1971). Lisbon: a portrait and a guide. Barrie and Jenkins. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-214-65309-4.

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