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List of chief ministers of Jharkhand

Chief Minister of Jharkhand
Jharkhand Rajakiya Chihna.jpg
A photograph of Hemant Soren
Incumbent
Hemant Soren

since 29 December 2019
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
Mr. Chief Minister (Informal)
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member ofJharkhand Legislative Assembly
Reports toGovernor of Jharkhand
AppointerGovernor of Jharkhand
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
Chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
Inaugural holderBabulal Marandi
Formation15 November 2000
(20 years ago)
 (2000-11-15)

The Chief Minister of Jharkhand is the chief executive of the Indian state of Jharkhand. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the legislative assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Six people have served as the state's chief minister since Jharkhand's formation on 15 November 2000.[2] Half of them, including the inaugural officeholder Babulal Marandi, represented the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). His successor Arjun Munda, also from the BJP, is the longest-serving chief minister; he served for over five years, across three terms but never completed a full term. Two chief ministers, Shibu Soren and his son Hemant Soren, represented the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM). Shibu Soren's first term ended in just ten days, as he could not prove that he had the support of a majority of the house and was forced to resign. The state has also been governed by Madhu Koda, one of the few independents to become the chief minister of any state.[3] In between their reigns, the state has also been under President's rule three times. Raghubar Das, of the BJP, was the first chief minister to complete a full term in the state. Hemant Soren of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha is the incumbent chief minister.

Chief ministers of Jharkhand

Colour key for parties

 Bharatiya Janata Party  Jharkhand Mukti Morcha  Independent  N/A (President's rule)


No.[a] Name Portrait Term
(tenure length)
Party[b] Assembly
(election)
Ref.
From To Days in office
1 Babulal Marandi Babulal.jpg 15 November 2000 18 March 2003 2 years, 123 days Bharatiya Janata Party First/Interim Assembly[c]
(2000 election)
[4]
2 Arjun Munda A photograph of Arjun Munda 18 March 2003 2 March 2005 1 year, 349 days [5]
3 Shibu Soren A photograph of Shibu Soren 2 March 2005 12 March 2005 10 days Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Second Assembly
(2005 election)
[6]
(2) Arjun Munda A photograph of Arjun Munda 12 March 2005 19 September 2006 1 year, 191 days Bharatiya Janata Party [7]
4 Madhu Koda A photograph of Madhu Koda 19 September 2006 27 August 2008 1 year, 343 days Independent [8]
(3) Shibu Soren A photograph of Shibu Soren 27 August 2008 19 January 2009 145 days Jharkhand Mukti Morcha [9]
Vacant[d]
(President's rule)
State Emblem of India 19 January 2009 30 December 2009 345 days N/A [11]
(3) Shibu Soren A photograph of Shibu Soren 30 December 2009 1 June 2010 153 days Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Third Assembly
(2009 election)
[12]
Vacant[d]
(President's rule)
State Emblem of India 1 June 2010 11 September 2010 102 days N/A [13]
(2) Arjun Munda A photograph of Arjun Munda 11 September 2010 18 January 2013 2 years, 129 days Bharatiya Janata Party [14]
Vacant[d]
(President's rule)
State Emblem of India 18 January 2013 13 July 2013 176 days N/A [15]
5 Hemant Soren A photograph of Hemant Soren 13 July 2013 28 December 2014 1 year, 168 days Jharkhand Mukti Morcha [16]
6 Raghubar Das A photograph of Raghubar Das 28 December 2014 29 December 2019 5 years, 1 day Bharatiya Janata Party Fourth Assembly
(2014 election)
[17]
(5) Hemant Soren A photograph of Hemant Soren 29 December 2019 Incumbent 1 year, 166 days Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Fifth Assembly
(2019 election)
[18]

Notes

  1. ^ A number in parentheses indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  2. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  3. ^ The first Legislative Assembly of Jharkhand was constituted by the MLAs elected in the 2000 Bihar Legislative Assembly election, whose constituencies were in the newly formed Jharkhand.[2]
  4. ^ a b c President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[10]

References

  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Jharkhand as well.
  2. ^ a b Chaudhuri, Kalyan (1 September 2000). "Jharkhand, at last". Frontline. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  3. ^ Ramanujam, P.V. (14 September 2006). "Madhu Koda to be next Jharkhand CM". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  4. ^ Chaudhuri, Kalyan (8 December 2000). "The day of Jharkhand". Frontline. Ranchi. Archived from the original on 2 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  5. ^ Chaudhuri, Kalyan (11 April 2003). "Manoeuvres in Jharkhand". Frontline. Ranchi. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  6. ^ Tripathi, Purnima S. (25 March 2005). "Stuck in controversy". Frontline. Ranchi. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  7. ^ Ramakrishnan, Venkitesh (25 March 2005). "Beyond Jharkhand". Frontline. Ranchi. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  8. ^ Ramakrishnan, Venkitesh (6 October 2006). "Over to Koda". Frontline. Ranchi. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  9. ^ Ramakrishnan, Venkitesh (16 September 2008). "Soren's turn". Frontline. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  10. ^ Diwanji, Amberish K. (15 March 2005). "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 19 May 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  11. ^ "President's Rule Imposed in Jharkhand". Outlook. 19 January 2009. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  12. ^ Ramakrishnan, Venkitesh (21 May 2010). "Soren's tumble". Frontline. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  13. ^ "President's rule imposed in Jharkhand". Hindustan Times. 1 June 2010. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  14. ^ "Arjun Munda sworn in as Jharkhand CM along with two ministers". India Today. Ranchi. 11 September 2010. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  15. ^ "Jharkhand brought under President's rule". The Times of India. 18 January 2013. Archived from the original on 9 September 2016. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  16. ^ Yadav, Anumeha (13 July 2013). "Hemant Soren becomes ninth Chief Minister of Jharkhand". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  17. ^ Ramakrishnan, Venkitesh (23 January 2015). "A new chapter". Frontline. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  18. ^ "Jharkhand CM swearing-in Highlights: Hemant Soren takes oath as 11th Chief Minister of state". Financial Express. 29 December 2019. Archived from the original on 29 December 2019. Retrieved 29 December 2019.

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