List of political parties in Finland

This article is a list of political parties in Finland, which includes Finland's national-level political parties and excludes local and provincial parties (such as the parties of Åland). A party is defined as a political association whose existence is recorded in the Ministry of Justice's party register.[1]

Finland has a multi-party system. Coalition governments which comprise a majority of seats in the Parliament of Finland are the norm. Those parties which are not in government are called the opposition. Due to the lack of an electoral threshold, many parties are usually represented in Parliament. As a result, it is all but impossible for one party to win a majority. Additionally, the socialist and non-socialist blocs usually cannot win enough seats between them to form a governing coalition on their own. Most Finnish governments, particularly since World War II, have thus been grand coalitions comprising parties stretching across the political spectrum.

Parties work in parliamentary groups (eduskuntaryhmät), usually voting with party discipline, which is however not absolute.

Parties are composed of local chapters based in municipalities. In municipalities, which are fundamental administrative units of the country, parties hold seats in the municipal councils, but often have to compete for them with local non-party groups.

Finnish law states that a political association which fulfills certain conditions is eligible to become a political party free of charge.[1] Among these conditions are:

  • that the primary purpose of the association is to affect governmental affairs,
  • that it has received at least 5,000 votes in any parliamentary, municipal, or European Parliament election,
  • that the association's rules secure the following of democratic principles in its decision making and activities,
  • and that it has a general program based on these rules which expresses the association's principles and goals regarding its actions in governmental affairs.

A registered party may nominate candidates in any national and local elections, and a party that is represented in parliament is entitled to a government subsidy relative to its number of seats. To qualify as a registered party, an association must have bylaws guaranteeing democratic internal organization and must be able to present 5,000 signatures from supporters who are eligible to vote. A party that fails to win a single seat in two consecutive parliamentary elections is stricken from the register but may apply again. (In contrast, a voluntary association has a requirement of 20,000 supporters and is not eligible for party subsidy.)

Parliamentary parties

Party Ideology MPs MEPs CCs Leader Founded Ref
Social Democratic Party
Sosialidemokraattinen puolue
Socialdemokratiska parti
SDP Social democracy 40 2 1696 Sanna Marin 1899 [2][3][4]
Finns Party
PS Finnish nationalism
Right-wing populism
39 2 770 Jussi Halla-aho 1995 [2][3][4]
National Coalition Party
KOK Liberalism
Liberal conservatism
38 3 1492 Petteri Orpo 1918 [2][3][4]
Centre Party
KESK Centrism
Liberal Conservatism
Nordic agrarianism
31 2 2823 Annika Saarikko[5] 1906 [2][3][4]
Green League
Vihreä liitto
Gröna förbundet
VIHR Green politics
Social liberalism
20 2 536 Maria Ohisalo 1987 [2][3][4]
Left Alliance
VAS Democratic socialism
16 1 661 Li Andersson 1990 [2][3][4]
Swedish People's Party
Svenska folkpartiet
Ruotsalainen kansanpuolue
RKP Social liberalism
Swedo-Finnish interests
9 1 470 Anna-Maja Henriksson 1906 [2][3][4]
Christian Democrats
KD Christian democracy
Social conservatism
5 0 314 Sari Essayah 1958 [2][3][4]
Movement Now
Liike Nyt
Rörelse Nu
LIIK Economic liberalism 1 0 14 Harry Harkimo 2018 [6][7][8][9]

Extra-parliamentary parties


Those parties that have received neither a seat in the Parliament of Finland nor in the European Parliament, but which are registered political parties, are listed below.

Party Ideology CCs Leader Founded Ref
Animal Justice Party
EOP Animal rights 0 Santeri Pienimäki 2016 [2][3][4]
Blue Reform
Sininen tulevaisuus
Blå framtid
SIN Conservatism
Soft Euroscepticism
60 Kari Kulmala [fi] 2017 [2][3][4]
Citizens' Party
KP Centrism
1 Sami Kilpeläinen 2016 [2][3][4]
Feminist Party
Feministinen puolue
Feministiska partiet
FP Feminism 1 Katju Aro [fi] 2016 [2][3][4]
Finnish People First
Suomen Kansa Ensin
SKE Nationalism 0 Riikka Salmi [fi] 2018 [10][11]
Independence Party
IPU Euroscepticism
Economic democracy
2 Henri Aitakari 1994 [2][3][4]
Liberal Party
LIB Classical liberalism
Economic liberalism
5 Harri Kreus 2016 [2][3][4]
Pirate Party
PP Pirate politics
Social liberalism
2 Pekka Mustonen 2008 [2][3][4]
Seven Star Movement
Seitsemän tähden liike
Sju stjärnors rörelsen
TL Political independence
0 Seppo Hauta-aho 2018 [12][13][14]


Party Ideology CCs Leader Founded Ref
Communist Party
Kommunistinen Puolue
Kommunistiska Parti
SKP Communism 2 Juha-Pekka Väisänen [fi] 1994 [2][3][4]
Communist Workers' Party
Kommunistinen Työväenpuolue
Kommunistiska Arbetarpartiet
KTP Communism
0 Mikko Vartiainen [fi] 1988 [2][3][4]
Change 2011
Muutos 2011
Förändring 2011
M11 Direct democracy 0 Anita Saarinen 2009 [4][15][16]

Historical parties

Parliamentary historical parties

Party Founded Dissolved
Finnish Party
Suomalainen Puolue
1863 1918
Young Finnish Party
Nuorsuomalainen Puolue
1894 1918
Christian Workers' Union of Finland
Suomen Kristillisen Työväen Liitto, KTL
1906 1922
People's Party [fi]
1917 1918
Communist Party of Finland
Suomen Kommunistinen Puolue, SKP
1918 1992
National Progressive Party
Kansallinen Edistyspuolue
1918 1951
Liberal Swedish Party
Ruotsalainen vapaamielinen puolue
1919 1951
Patriotic People's Movement
Isänmaallinen kansanliike
1932 1944
People's Party
1932 1936
Finnish People's Democratic League
Suomen Kansan Demokraattinen Liitto, SKDL
1945 1990
Liberal League
Vapaamielisten liitto
1951 1965
1965 2011
Finnish People's Unity Party
Suomen Kansan Yhtenäisyyden Puolue, SKYP
1972 1983
Constitutional Right Party
Perustuslaillinen Oikeistopuolue, POP
1973 1992
Democratic Alternative
Demokraattinen Vaihtoehto, Deva
1986 1990
Kirjava ”Puolue” – Elonkehän Puolesta 1988 2003
People's Party of Finland
Suomen Kansanpuolue
1951 1965
Reform Group
1998 2001
Finnish Rural Party
Suomen Maaseudun Puolue
1959 1995
Small Farmers Party
Pienviljelijäin Puolue
1936 1954
Small Farmers' Party of Finland
Suomen Pienviljelijäin Puolue
1929 1936
Socialist Electoral Organisation of Workers and Smallholders
Sosialistinen työväen ja pienviljelijöiden vaalijärjestö, STPV
1924 1930
Socialist Workers' Party of Finland
Suomen Sosialistinen Työväenpuolue, SSTP
1920 1923
Socialist Unity Party
Sosialistinen yhtenäisyyspuolue, SYP
1946 1955
Social Democratic Union of Workers and Smallholders
Työväen ja Pienviljelijöiden Sosialidemokraattinen Liitto, TPSL
1959 1973
Young Finns
1994 1999

Extra-parliamentary historical parties

Election campaign stations for the Pirate Party and Independence Party, Narinkka, Helsinki.
  • Swedish party (Ruotsalainen puolue) 1870–1906
  • Liberal party (Liberaalinen puolue) 1880–1885
  • Finnish Active Resistance Party (Suomen aktiivinen vastustuspuolue) 1904–1908
  • National Workers' Party (Kansallinen Työväenpuolue) 1917–?
  • Socialist Party of Work (Sosialistinen Työpuolue) 1917–1919
  • Peasant People's Party (Talonpoikaiskansan puolue) 1924–1933
  • Farmers' Party (Maanviljelijäin Puolue) 1927–1929
  • United Front (Yhteisrintama) 193?–1940
  • New Finnish Party (Uusi Suomalainen Puolue) 1932–1945
  • Finnish Socialist Party (Suomalaissosialistinen Puolue) 1932–1937
  • Patriotic People's Party (Isänmaallinen Kansanpuolue) 1932–1933
  • Finnish People's Organisation (Suomen Kansan Järjestö) 1933–1936
  • Finnish Socialist Workers' Party (Suomalaissosialistinen Työväen Puolue) 1934–1944
  • Work Front of Finland (Suomen Työrintama) 1936–1939
  • Party of Finnish National Work (Suomalais-Kansallisen Työn Puolue) 1939–?
  • National Socialist People's Party of Finland (Suomen Kansallissosialistinen Työväenpuolue) 1940–1943
  • Neo-Socialist Party (Uus-sosialistinen puolue) 1940–1945
  • Organisation of National Socialists (Kansallissosialistien Järjestö) 1940–1944
  • National Socialists of Finland (Suomen Kansallissosialistit) 1941–1944
  • Radical People's Party (Radikaalinen Kansanpuolue) 1944–1951
  • Independent Middle Class (Itsenäinen keskiluokka) 1949–1951
  • Finnish People's Party (Suomalainen kansanpuolue) 1950s
  • Independence Party (Itsenäisyyspuolue) 1960s
  • Party Organisation of Finnish Entrepreneurs (Suomen Yksityisyrittäjäin Puoluejärjestö) 1972–1979
  • Socialist Workers' Party (Sosialistinen Työväenpuolue) 1973–1990
  • Pensioners' Party of Finland (Suomen Eläkeläisten Puolue) 1985–1999
  • Joint Responsibility Party (Yhteisvastuu puolue) 1987–2007
  • Senior Citizens' Party of Finland (Suomen Senioripuolue), 1990–2014
  • Women's Party (Naisten puolue) 1990–1995
  • Party of Humanity (Ihmisyydenpuolue) 1991–1995
  • Finnish People's Blue-whites (Suomen Kansan Sinivalkoiset, SKS) 1993–2010
  • Patriotic People's Movement (Isänmaallinen kansanliike), 1993–2010
  • Natural Law Party (Luonnonlain puolue) 1994–2001
  • Workers' Party of Finland (Suomen Työväenpuolue) 1999–2018
  • Forces for Change in Finland (Muutosvoimat Suomi) 2002–2007
  • For the Poor (Köyhien Asialla) 2002–2015
  • Blue and White Front (Sinivalkoinen Rintama) 2009–2015

See also


  1. ^ a b "Puoluelaki 10/1969" [Party Law 10/1969]. www.finlex.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 2019-07-28.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "List of Registered Parties". Vaalit.fi. Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Rekisteröidyt puolueet". Vaalit.fi (in Finnish). Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Puolueiden nimet ja lyhenteet". Kielitoimiston ohjepankki (in Finnish). Retrieved 2018-03-20.
  5. ^ "Saarikko beats Kulmuni in Centre Party leadership vote". yle. yle.fi. Retrieved 5 Sep 2020.
  6. ^ "Här är listan på alla som är med i Harkimos nya rörelse". Hufvudstadsbladet (in Swedish). 23 April 2018. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  7. ^ Ijäs, Johannes (27 April 2018). "Harkimo (liik) siirretään perussuomalaisten ja keskustan väliin takariviin". Demokraatti (in Finnish). Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  8. ^ Karkkola, Minna (7 May 2018). "Tutkija löysi paradoksin Hjallis Harkimon liikkeestä: 'Saadaanko tavoitteella tismalleen päinvastainen lopputulos?'". Uusi Suomi (in Finnish). Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  9. ^ Räsänen, Jukka-Pekka (21 April 2018). "Nimet julki: he ovat Liike Nytin taustalla". Savon Sanomat (in Finnish). Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  10. ^ Paakkanen, Mikko (11 December 2018). "Suomeen rekisteröitiin uusi maahanmuuttovastainen puolue". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  11. ^ "Kansallismielinen Suomen Kansa Ensin puoluerekisteriin". Ilta-Sanomat (in Finnish). STT. 11 December 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  12. ^ Pettersson, Dann (1 August 2018). "HS: Paavo Väyrynen misstänkts använda e-postlista från sitt förra parti - 'Uppgifterna är stulna' säger Medborgarpartiet". Yle News (in Swedish). Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  13. ^ "Ex-Centre elder Paavo Väyrynen sets up yet another party". Yle News. 27 July 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Seitsemän tähden liike puoluerekisteriin" (in Finnish). Yle. 21 December 2018. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  15. ^ "Hirvisaari perustaa Muutos 2011 -nimisen eduskuntaryhmän | Yle Uutiset" (in Finnish). yle.fi. Retrieved 2013-12-23.
  16. ^ "Muutospuolue" (in Finnish). Change 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2018.

External links

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