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List of political parties in Hong Kong

Hong Kong has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power by controlling the Legislative Council. The Chief Executive is elected by an indirectly elected Election Committee and is nonpartisan as restricted by the Chief Executive Election Ordinance, but has to rely on political parties in the legislature for support, effectively having a coalition government.

Hong Kong has no legislation for political parties, and thus has no legal definition for what a political party is. Most political parties and political groups registered either as limited companies or societies.

In Hong Kong there are two main political ideological blocs, which presents to pro-democracy camp (include localists) and pro-Beijing camp.

Present parties

The list includes also political groups, trade unions, professional associations and pressure groups in Hong Kong that have been active in elections but are not considered parties.

Parties and groups in the Legislative and District Councils

As of 26 June 2021, there are total number of 38 political groupings represented in the Legislative and District Councils:[1]

Party Ideology Leader Affiliation Founded Representation 2016 vote
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Legislative
Council
(2016)
District
Councils
(2019)
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB)
民主建港協進聯盟
Chinese nationalism,
Conservatism
Starry Lee.jpg Starry Lee Pro-Beijing 1992 361,617 (16.7%)
Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong (BPA)
香港經濟民生聯盟
Conservatism,
Economic liberalism
Lo Wai-kwok 2016.jpg Lo Wai-kwok Pro-Beijing 2012 49,745 (2.3%)
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions (FTU)
香港工會聯合會
Chinese nationalism,
Conservative socialism
Ng Chau-pei (cropped).JPG Ng Chau-pei Pro-Beijing 1948 169,854 (7.8%)
Liberal Party (LP)
自由黨
Conservatism,
Economic liberalism
FelixChung2019 (cropped).png Felix Chung Pro-Beijing 1993 21,500 (1.0%)
New Territories Association of Societies (NTAS)
新界社團聯會
Chinese nationalism,
Conservatism
Leung Che-cheung 2015.jpg Leung Che-cheung Pro-Beijing 1985
(part of DAB)
N/A
New People's Party (NPP)
新民黨
Conservatism Regina Ip 2016.jpg Regina Ip Pro-Beijing 2011 167,589 (7.7%)
New Territories Heung Yee Kuk (HYK)
新界鄉議局
Traditional conservatism Kenneth Lau.png Kenneth Lau Pro-Beijing 1926 N/A
Civic Passion
熱血公民
Localism,
Nativism,
Populism
Cheng Chung-tai.jpg Cheng Chung-tai Localist 2012 122,140 (5.6%)
Roundtable
實政圓桌
Conservatism 香港建制派議員對逃犯修例意見不一 田北辰籲暫緩修例 (cropped).jpg Michael Tien Pro-Beijing 2017 N/A
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions (FLU)
港九勞工社團聯會
Conservatism Blanksvg.svg Lam Chun-sing Pro-Beijing 1984 N/A
New Century Forum (NCF)
新世紀論壇
Conservatism Blanksvg.svg Ma Fung-kwok Pro-Beijing 1999 N/A
Democratic Party (DP)
民主黨
Social liberalism 香港民主黨成立國際關係委員會 籲北京勿違反一國兩制 (cropped).jpg Lo Kin-hei Pro-democracy 1994 199,876 (9.2%)
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood (ADPL)
香港民主民生協進會
Liberalism,
Social democracy
施德來 Legco primary (cropped).png Sze Tak-loy Pro-democracy 1986 33,255 (1.5%)
Labour Party
工黨
Environmentalism,
Social democracy
Kwok Wing Kin.jpg Kwok Wing-kin Pro-democracy 2011 101,860 (4.7%)
Civic Party (CP)
公民黨
Constitutionalism,
Social liberalism
Blanksvg.svg Vacant Pro-democracy 2006 207,855 (9.6%)
Concern Group for Tseung Kwan O People's Livelihood (CGPLTKO)
將軍澳民生關注組
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Vacant Pro-democracy 2000 N/A
Community March
社區前進
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Ben Lam Pro-democracy 2017 N/A
Community Alliance
區政聯盟
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Vacant Pro-democracy 2019 N/A
Tuen Mun Community Network (TMCN)
屯門社區網絡
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg Gary Poon Pro-democracy,
Localist
2015 N/A
Tin Shui Wai Connection
天水連線
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg N/A Pro-democracy,
Localist
2019 N/A
Federation of Public Housing Estates (FPHE)
公屋聯會
Conservatism Blanksvg.svg Hau Shui-pui Pro-Beijing 1985 N/A
Sai Kung Commons
西貢鄉民
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg N/A Pro-democracy 2019 N/A
Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre (NWSC)
街坊工友服務處
Liberalism,
Social democracy
Blanksvg.svg Lo Ngai-yin Pro-democracy 1985 20,974 (1.0%)
League of Social Democrats (LSD)
社會民主連線
Social democracy 香港2千人參與反威權遊行 (cropped).jpg Raphael Wong Pro-democracy 2006 56,670 (2.6%)
Democratic Alliance
民主陣線
Liberalism Johnny Mak Ip-shing.JPG Johnny Mak Pro-democracy,
Pro-Taiwan
2003 N/A
Tai Po Democratic Alliance
大埔民主聯盟
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg N/A Pro-democracy 2019 N/A
Deliberation Tsuen Wan
荃民議政
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg N/A Pro-democracy,
Localist
2019 N/A
Tseung Kwan O Pioneers
將軍澳青年力量
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg Chan Wai-lit Pro-democracy,
Localist
2016 N/A
Tseung Kwan O Shining
將向天晴
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg N/A Pro-democracy 2019 N/A
People Power (PP)
人民力量
Direct democracy,
Populism,
Radical democracy
Blanksvg.svg Vacant Pro-democracy 2011 99,349 (4.6%)
Kowloon East Community
東九龍社區關注組
Localism Chan Chak-to.jpg Chan Chak-to Pro-democracy,
Localist
2014 12,854 (0.6%)
Empowering Hong Kong
匯政衞言
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg Ho Kwok-ho Pro-democracy,
Localist
2019 N/A
Tsing Yi People
青衣島民
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Wong Pit-man Pro-democracy 2017 N/A
Lung Mun Concern Group
龍門關注組
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Tsang Kam-wing Pro-democracy 2019 N/A
Cheung Sha Wan West Front
長沙灣西社區陣線
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Wong Kit-long Pro-democracy 2019 N/A
Shau Kei Wan East Future
灣東願景
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Kwok Chi-chung Pro-democracy 2019 N/A
Tsuen Wan Community Network (TWCN)
荃灣社區網絡
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg Lam Shek-tim Pro-democracy,
Localist
2015 N/A
Tin Shui Wai Livelihood Progression Union
天水圍地區民生促進會
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg Lee Wai-fung Pro-democracy,
Localist
2019 N/A

Other parties and groups

Other parties and groups without any representation that have participated in the elections include:

Pro-democracy camp

Pro-Beijing camp

Localist groups

Umbrella organisations

  • Ching Fat Living Concern Group (青發生活關注組)
  • North of the Rings (北區動源)
  • Tsuen Wan Dynamic for the People (荃灣民生動力)
  • Tsz Wan Shan Constructive Power (慈雲山建設力量)

Others

Regional organisations, communal pressure groups and Kaifong associations

Electoral coalitions

  • 7.1 United Front (七一連線)
  • A16 Alliance (A16聯盟)
  • ABC.P.A
  • Academics In Support of Democracy (高教界民主行動)
  • Action 9 (9人起動)
  • Alliance of Housing Department Staff Unions (房屋署工會大聯盟)
  • ALLinHK
  • Central and Western Democratic Power (中西區民主力量)
  • Coalition of Hong Kong Newspaper and Magazine Merchant (全港報販大聯盟)
  • Democrat Professionals Hong Kong (專業‧民主‧起動)
  • Democratic Accountants (民主會計師)
  • Democratic Coalition for DC Election (泛民區選聯盟/民主派區選聯盟)
  • Demo-Social 12/Demo-Social 60/Demo-Social Front (民福12/民福60/民褔陣線)
  • Doctors for Democracy (真普選醫生聯盟)
  • Engineers for Universal Suffrage (普選工程連線)
  • Frontline Doctors' Union (前線醫生聯盟)
  • Gov.ALPS (建園規測)
  • Health Professionals for Democracy 30 (衞‧真普30)
  • Hearts of Accountants (誠、會計師團隊)
  • ICT Energy (ICT動力)
  • IT Voice/IT Voice 2012/IT Vision
  • O Superpower (長權)
  • ProDem22
  • Progressive Social Work (進步社工)
  • Students United 2017 (學界同盟 2017)
  • Tertiary 2012 (大專2012)
  • Together for Social Welfare (社福同行)
  • User Voice (持份發聲)
  • V18 Accountants (V18會計專業聯盟)
  • Vox Pop
  • Welfare Empower Hong Kong (社福動力)
  • Win Win Hong Kong Accountants (香港共贏會計師)
  • Y5 Give Me Five (Y5正能量)
  • Your Vote Counts (票在你手/計您一票)

Defunct

See also

References

  1. ^ "List of Political Affiliations of LegCo Members and DC Members" (PDF). District Councils of Hong Kong.

This page was last updated at 2021-07-09 19:21, update this pageView original page

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