List of political parties in Spain

This article lists political parties in Spain.

Spain has a multi-party system at both the national and regional level. Nationally, there are five dominant political parties: Podemos (left-wing), PSOE (centre-left), Ciudadanos (centre-right), Partido Popular (centre-right to right-wing) and Vox (far-right).

The current makeup makes it difficult for any other formation or coalition to achieve an electoral majority in the bicameral Cortes Generales (consisting of both the national Congress of Deputies and regional representation in the Senate). Regional parties can be strong in autonomous communities like Catalonia and the Basque Country and are often essential for national government coalitions.

National political formations of Spain

Most voted political parties in the November 2019 Spanish general election

Parties and coalitions Position Ideology Results (November 2019) Seats in Congress (Total: 350) Coalition partners
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Partido Socialista Obrero Español
Centre-left Social democracy, federalism, pro-Europeanism 6,752,983 votes, 28.00% 120 PSOE (108)
PSC (12)
People's Party (PP)
Partido Popular
Centre-right to right-wing Conservatism, Christian democracy, economic liberalism, unionism, pro-Europeanism 5,019,869 votes, 20.82% 89 PP (88)
FAC (1)
Vox (Vox)
Right-wing to far-right Centralism, right-wing populism, Spanish nationalism, ultranationalism, national conservatism, economic liberalism, euroscepticism 3,640,063 votes, 15.09% 52
United We Can (Unidas Podemos)
Unidas Podemos
Left-wing Left-wing populism, democratic socialism, social democracy, republicanism, antimilitarism, feminism, environmentalism 3,097,185 votes, 12.84% 35 Podemos (26)
IU (5)
Catalunya en Comú (3)
Independent (1)
Citizens (Cs)
Centre to centre-right Liberalism, economic liberalism, Spanish nationalism, unionism, pro-Europeanism 1,637,540 votes, 6.79% 10
Republican Left of Catalonia–Catalonia Yes (ERC–CatSí)
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya–Catalunya Sí
Centre-left to left-wing Catalan independentism, left-wing nationalism, social democracy, republicanism 869,934 votes, 3.61% 13
Together for Catalonia (JxCat)
Junts per Catalunya
Centre-right Catalan independentism, Liberalism 527,375 votes, 2.19% 8
Basque Nationalist Party (PNV)
Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea
Partido Nacionalista Vasco
Parti National Basque
Centre-right to centre-left Basque nationalism, liberal conservatism, Christian democracy 377,423 votes, 1.57% 6
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA)
Partido Animalista Contra el Maltrato Animal
Centre-left Animal welfare 226,469 votes, 0.94% 0
Basque Country Unite (EHB)
Euskal Herria Bildu
Left-wing to far-left Basque independentism, separatism, left-wing nationalism, abertzale left 276.519 votes, 1.15% 5 Sortu (1)
Alternatiba (1)
Commitment Coalition (Compromis)
Coalició Compromis
Left-wing Valencian nationalism, democratic socialism, progressivism, green politics 173,821 votes, 0.66% 1
Canarian Coalition (CC–PNC)
Coalición Canaria
Centre to centre-right Canarian nationalism, liberalism 137,664 votes, 0.53% 2
Sum Navarre (NA+)
Navarra Suma
Centre-right Regionalism, liberal conservatism 107,619 votes, 0.41% 2
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC)
Partido Regionalista de Cantabria
Centre to centre-left Progressivism, centrism, Cantabrian regionalism 52,266 votes, 0.20% 1

Other political parties represented in regional parliaments

Party Position Ideology Regional parliament Seats
Unitarian Candidacy of Workers
Candidatura Unitaria de Trabajadores
Far-left Libertarian communism, Anti-capitalism, Andalusian nationalism Parliament of Andalusia 1/109
Aragonese Party
Partido Aragonés
Centre[3] Aragonese regionalism
Aragonese Corts 6/67
Aragonese Union
Chunta Aragonesista
Left-wing Eco-socialism, Aragonese nationalism, Republicanism, Federalism Aragonese Corts 2/67
Asturias Forum
Foro Asturias
Centre-right Conservatism, Christian democracy, Regionalism General Junta of the Principality of Asturias 3/45
More for Majorca
Més per Mallorca
Left-wing Democratic socialism, Green politics, Left-wing nationalism, Catalanism Parliament of the Balearic Islands 6/59
Proposal for the Islands
Proposta per les Illes
Centre Liberalism, Centrism, Balearic regionalism Parliament of the Balearic Islands 3/59
More for Menorca
Més per Menorca
Left-wing Democratic socialism, Green politics, Left-wing nationalism, Catalanism, Republicanism, Souverainism, Feminism Parliament of the Balearic Islands 3/59
People for Formentera
Gent per Formentera
Left-wing Environmentalism, Socialism, Catalanism Parliament of the Balearic Islands 3/59
Regionalist Party of Cantabria
Partido Regionalista de Cantabria
Centre to centre-left Progressivism, centrism, Cantabrian regionalism Parliament of Cantabria 12/35
Leonese People's Union
Unión del Pueblo Leonés
Centre Centrism, Leonese regionalism Cortes of Castile and León 1/83
Together for Catalonia
Junts per Catalunya
Centre-right Liberalism, Catalan nationalism, Catalan independence Parliament of Catalonia 34/135
Catalonia in Common–We Can
Catalunya en Comú–Podem
Left-wing Social justice, Catalan right of self-determination, Left-wing populism, Environmentalism Parliament of Catalonia 8/135
Popular Unity Candidacy
Candidatura d'Unitat Popular
Left-wing to far-left Catalan independence, Catalan nationalism, Socialism, Environmentalism, Euroscepticism Parliament of Catalonia 4/135
En Masse
En Marea
Left-wing Socialism, anti-capitalism Parliament of Galicia 14/75
Galician Nationalist Bloc
Bloque Nacionalista Galego
Left-wing Galician nationalism, socialism, euroscepticism Parliament of Galicia 6/75
Navarrese People's Union
Unión del Pueblo Navarro
Centre-right Conservatism, Regionalism Parliament of Navarre 15/50
Yes to the Future
Geroa Bai
Centre-left Basque nationalism Parliament of Navarre 9/50
Left-wing Socialism Parliament of Navarre 2/50

Political parties running for the Spanish general election, 2011


Political parties without any representation

Socially conservative parties

Communist parties

Nationalist parties

Illegal parties

(* Note: Batasuna is legal in France; it is however an association and not a political party) Batasuna is in the list of terrorist organisations of US and EU.

Defunct parties

Defunct major parties

Defunct Nationalist parties

Defunct parties

See also


  1. ^ "Rivera: Ciudadanos ha demostrado que "el centro político existe" y será "fundamental en la nueva Transición". Diario de Noticias de Navarra". www.noticiasdenavarra.com. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  2. ^ "Catalonia election: full results". The Guardian.
  3. ^ "El catalán de la Franja se denominará 'lapao' en Aragón". La Vanguardia. May 6, 2013.
  4. ^ "Candidates" (PDF). www.juntaelectoralcentral.es. 2011. Retrieved 2020-08-17.
  5. ^ "La entrevista: 'Somos un ejemplo para los jóvenes'". Pinares Noticias (in Spanish). June 17, 2014. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  6. ^ Antón, B. (June 11, 2014). "La vocación por bandera". Diario de Burgos (in Spanish). Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  7. ^ Press, Europa (2019-04-29). "Resultados elecciones generales 2019 - Muerte al Sistema, el Partido RISA y Unión de Todos: estos son los partidos menos votados el 28-A". Vozpópuli (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-04-30.

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