List of political parties in the United Kingdom

This article lists political parties in the United Kingdom.

Brief history and overviews

Before the middle of the 19th century, politics in the United Kingdom was dominated by the Whigs and the Tories. These were not political parties in the modern sense but somewhat loose alliances of interests and individuals. The Whigs included many of the leading aristocratic dynasties committed to the Protestant succession, and later drew support from elements of the emerging industrial interests and wealthy merchants, while the Tories were associated with the landed gentry, the Church of England and the Church of Scotland.

By the mid 19th century, the Tories had evolved into the Conservative Party, and the Whigs had evolved into the Liberal Party. The concept of right and left came originally from France, where the supporters of a monarchy (constitutional or absolute) sat on the right wing of the National Assembly, and republicans on the left. In the late 19th century the Liberal Party began to lean towards the left. Liberal Unionists split off from the Liberals over Irish Home Rule and moved closer to the Conservatives over time.

The Liberals and Conservatives dominated the political scene until the 1920s, when the Liberal Party declined in popularity and suffered a long stream of resignations. It was replaced as the main anti-Tory opposition party by the newly emerging Labour Party, which represented an alliance between the labour movement, organised trades unions and various socialist societies.

Since then the Conservative and Labour parties have dominated British politics, and have alternated in government ever since. However, the UK is not quite a two-party system as other parties have significant support. The Liberal Democrats were the third largest party until the 2015 general election when they were overtaken by the Scottish National Party in terms of seats and UK political party membership, and by the UK Independence Party in terms of votes.

The UK's First Past the Post electoral system leaves small parties disadvantaged on a UK-wide scale. It can, however, allow parties with concentrations of supporters in the constituent countries to flourish. In the 2015 election there was widespread controversy[1][2][3] when UKIP and the Green Party of England and Wales received 4.9 million votes[4] (12.6% of the total vote for UKIP and 3.8% for the Greens) yet only gained one seat each in the House of Commons. After that election, UKIP, the Liberal Democrats, and the Green Party of England and Wales, together with its Scottish and Northern Ireland affiliated parties, the Scottish National Party and Plaid Cymru, delivered a petition signed by 477,000[5] people to Downing Street demanding electoral reform.

Scottish Parliament debating chamber

Since 1997, proportional representation-based voting systems have been adopted for elections to the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh Parliament, the Northern Ireland Assembly, the London Assembly and the UK's seats in the European Parliament. In these bodies, other parties have had success.

Traditionally political parties have been private organisations with no official recognition by the state. The Registration of Political Parties Act 1998 changed that by creating a register of parties.

Membership of political parties has been in decline in the UK since the 1950s, falling by over 65% from 1983 (4% of the electorate) to 2005 (1.3%).[6]

Register of political parties

The Electoral Commission's Register of Political Parties[7] lists the details of parties registered to fight elections in the United Kingdom, including their registered name. Under current electoral law, including the Registration of Political Parties Act, the Electoral Administration Act 2006, and the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000, only registered party names can be used on ballot papers by those wishing to fight elections. Candidates who do not belong to a registered party can use "independent" or no label at all.

As of 2 August 2019 the Electoral Commission showed the number of registered political parties in Great Britain and Northern Ireland as 408.[8]

Parliamentary parties

Party Date of foundation Political position Ideology Leader House of Commons Scottish Parliament Senedd Cymru Northern Ireland Assembly London Assembly Local Government Membership UK vote share % (2019 general election)
Conservative and Unionist Party 1834 Centre-right Conservatism
British unionism
Economic liberalism
Boris Johnson official portrait (cropped 3).jpg Boris Johnson
364 / 650
31 / 129
11 / 60
8 / 25
7,530 / 20,649
191,000[10] 43.6
Labour Party 1900
  • 1917 (Co-operative)
Centre-left Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Official portrait of Keir Starmer crop 2.jpg Keir Starmer
200 / 650
[Note 1][Note 2]
23 / 129
[Note 3]
29 / 60
[Note 4]
12 / 25
6,344 / 20,649
496,000[11] 32.2
Scottish National Party 1934 Centre-left
Big tent
Scottish nationalism
Social democracy
Official portrait of Nicola Sturgeon (cropped 2).jpg Nicola Sturgeon
47 / 650
63 / 129
418 / 20,649
125,482[12] 3.9
Liberal Democrats 1988
(1859 as Liberal Party)
Centre to centre-left Liberalism
Social liberalism
Official portrait of Rt Hon Sir Edward Davey MP crop 2.jpg Ed Davey
11 / 650
5 / 129
1 / 60
1 / 25
2,534 / 20,649
120,845[13] 11.5
Democratic Unionist Party 1971 Right-wing British unionism
British nationalism
National conservatism
Right-wing populism
Social conservatism
Hard Euroscepticism
MLA Arlene Foster.jpg Arlene Foster
8 / 650
27 / 90
122 / 20,649
Not published 0.8
Sinn Féin 1905 (original);
1970 (current)
Centre-left to left-wing Irish republicanism
Left-wing nationalism
Democratic socialism
Mary Lou McDonald (official portrait) 2020 (cropped).jpg Mary Lou McDonald
7 / 650
[Note 5]
27 / 90
105 / 20,649
Not published 0.6
Plaid Cymru 1925 Centre-left to left-wing Welsh nationalism
Welsh independence
Civic nationalism
Democratic socialism
Social democracy
Adam Price 2016 (cropped).jpg Adam Price
3 / 650
10 / 60
202 / 20,649
11,500[14] 0.5
Social Democratic and Labour Party 1970 Centre-left Social democracy
Irish nationalism
Colum Eastwood MLA.JPG Colum Eastwood
2 / 650
12 / 90
59 / 20,649
Not published 0.4
Green Party of England and Wales 1990 Left-wing Green politics
British republicanism
Sian Berry and Jonathan Bartley, 2018.jpg Siân Berry &
Jonathan Bartley
(job share)
1 / 650
2 / 25
382 / 20,649
50,000 2.7
Alliance Party of Northern Ireland 1970 Centre to
Cropped image of Naomi Long.JPG Naomi Long
1 / 650
7 / 90
53 / 20,649
Not published 0.4

Parties without representation in the House of Commons, but with representation in a devolved parliament or assembly

There are a number of political parties in the United Kingdom that do not have representation in the House of Commons, but have elected representatives in the Scottish Parliament, Welsh Parliament, Northern Ireland Assembly, and/or the London Assembly. These are:

Party Date of foundation Political position Ideology Leader House of Commons Scottish Parliament Welsh Parliament Northern Ireland Assembly London Assembly Local Government Membership UK vote share % (2019 general election)
Ulster Unionist Party 1905 Centre-right British unionism
Steve Aiken (2020).png Steve Aiken N/A N/A N/A
10 / 90
75 / 20,649
Not published 0.3
Scottish Green Party 1990 Centre-left to left-wing Green politics
Scottish independence
Scottish republicanism
PatrickHavieMSP2013 (cropped).jpg Patrick Harvie and Lorna Slater
(job share)
6 / 129
19 / 20,649
6,412[15] 0.1
Green Party in Northern Ireland 1983 Centre-left Green politics
Clare Bailey.png Clare Bailey N/A N/A N/A
2 / 90
8 / 20,649
(May 2015)
Did not
Abolish the Welsh Assembly Party 2015 Single-issue Welsh Parliament abolition No image.svg Richard Suchorzewski N/A N/A
2 / 60
1 / 20,649
310 (2020) Did not
UK Independence Party 1993 Right-wing to far-right Hard Euroscepticism
British nationalism
Right-wing populism
Social conservatism
National conservatism
Neil Hamilton AM (28136586146).jpg Neil Hamilton N/A N/A
1 / 60
21 / 20,649
(as of 2019)
Welsh National Party 2020 N/A Welsh nationalism
Welsh independence
Neil McEvoy AM (28092346611).jpg Neil McEvoy N/A N/A
1 / 60
7 / 20,649
Not published Did not
Traditional Unionist Voice 2007 Right-wing British unionism
Social conservatism
National conservatism
Christian right
JimAllister (cropped).jpg Jim Allister N/A N/A N/A
1 / 90
6 / 20,649
Not published 0.0
People Before Profit 2005 Left-wing Socialism Eamonn McCann (cropped).jpg Eamonn McCann[Note 6] N/A N/A N/A
1 / 90
5 / 20,649
Not published 0.0
Heritage Party[20] 2020 Right-wing National conservatism
British nationalism
Right-wing populism
Social conservatism
David Kurten in London City Hall.jpg David Kurten N/A N/A N/A N/A
1 / 25
N/A Not published Before party creation

Party descriptions

Party Description
Conservative and Unionist Party A party loosely divided into three categories: the Thatcherites, who strongly support a free market and tend to be Eurosceptic; the economically moderate and socially liberal One Nation Conservatives, and the socially conservative, deeply Eurosceptic Cornerstone Group.
Labour Party A social democratic party with democratic socialist elements that has its roots in the trade union movement. The party in recent years is seen to have several internal factions, which include: Momentum, Open Labour, Progress, Blue Labour, and, the Labour members who stand on a split ticket with the Co-operative Party.
Scottish National Party Scottish nationalist and social democratic party which supports Scottish Independence and membership of the European Union.
Liberal Democrats Liberal and social liberal. The party's main two branches are the social-liberals based around groups like the Social Liberal Forum, and the 'Orange Book' grouping, which supports classical economic liberalism. Strongly supports membership of the European Union.
Democratic Unionist Party Unionist and national conservative party in Northern Ireland. Socially conservative with close links to Protestantism.
Sinn Féin Irish republican and democratic socialist party that supports the unification of the island of Ireland as a 32-county Irish republic.
Plaid Cymru Social-democratic, democratic socialist and Welsh nationalist party in favour of Welsh independence.
Social Democratic and Labour Party Social-democratic and Irish nationalist party supporting a United Ireland.
Ulster Unionist Party A conservative Unionist party in Northern Ireland.
Green Party of England and Wales Green political party that favours eco-socialism,[22] environmentalism,[22] and sustainability.[22]
Scottish Greens Green political party in favour of Scottish independence and Scottish republicanism.
UK Independence Party Eurosceptic, right-wing populist party. Favours national sovereignty, social conservatism and economic liberalism.
Alliance Party of Northern Ireland Liberal and nonsectarian political party in Northern Ireland.
Green Party in Northern Ireland Green political and nonsectarian party in Northern Ireland.
Traditional Unionist Voice Strongly social and national conservative unionist party in Northern Ireland, opposed to the St Andrews Agreement.
People Before Profit Socialist party that is active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Welsh National Party Sovereignist party that advocates Wales becoming an independent sovereign state.
Abolish the Welsh Assembly Party A single-issue, anti-devolution party which aims to abolish the Welsh Parliament.

Local government

Principal authorities

Party Leader Ideology Political position Local authorities Councillors
Ashfield Independents Jason Zadrozny N/A N/A Ashfield, Nottinghamshire 37 (+12 parish cllrs)
Residents Associations of Epsom and Ewell Keith Lugton N/A N/A Epsom and Ewell, Surrey 34[23][24]
Mansfield Independents Martin Wright Localism N/A Mansfield, Nottinghamshire 19[25]
Thurrock Independents Graham Snell Local politics, Hard Euroscepticism N/A Thurrock 17
Canvey Island Independent Party David Blackwell N/A N/A Castle Point, Essex 16[26][27]
Brexit Party Nigel Farage Big tent, Single-issue, Hard Euroscepticism, Populism N/A N/A 12
Residents for Uttlesford John Lodge Localism N/A Uttlesford 11[28]
Havering Residents Association Ray Morgon N/A N/A Havering 11
East Devon Alliance Paul Arnott Localism, Transparency[29] N/A East Devon 11[30]
Temple and Farringdon Together No leader Localism N/A City of London Corporation 10[31]
Liberal Party Steve Radford Liberalism, Euroscepticism Centre Liverpool, Mid Devon, Peterborough, Ryedale 9[32]
Yorkshire Party Chris Whitwood Yorkshire regionalism, Social democracy Centre to centre-left East Riding, Selby, North Yorkshire 8
Derwentside Independents Watts Stelling N/A N/A Durham County Council 7[33] (+5 parish cllrs)[34]
Llais Gwynedd Owain Williams Gwynedd regionalism N/A Gwynedd 6[35]
Runnymede Independent Residents' Group No leader N/A N/A Runnymede 6
Our West Lancashire Adrian Owens Localism N/A West Lancashire Borough Council 6[36]
Spennymoor Independents No leader N/A N/A Durham 5 (+16 parish cllrs)[9]
Morley Borough Independents Robert Finnigan Independent politics, Localism N/A Leeds City Council 5
Socialist Labour Party Arthur Scargill Socialism, Anti-capitalism, Fiscal localism,
Republicanism, Hard Euroscepticism
Left-wing Hartlepool Borough Council 4[37]
Progressive Unionist Party Billy Hutchinson British unionism, Democratic socialism, Social democracy Centre-left Belfast, Causeway Coast and Glens 4[38][39]
Independent Community and Health Concern Dr Richard Taylor N/A Single-issue Wyre Forest, Worcestershire, Shropshire 4[9]
Mebyon Kernow Dick Cole Cornish nationalism, Civic nationalism, Regionalism,
Social democracy, Environmentalism, Pro-Europeanism
Centre-left Cornwall 4[9]
Barnsley Independent Group Phillip Birkinshaw N/A N/A Barnsley 4[40]
Newport Independents Party Kevin Whitehead Social democracy, Localism Centre Newport, South Wales 4 [41]
Nottingham Independents Francesco Lari N/A N/A Nottingham City Council, Gedling Borough Council, Nottinghamshire 3 (+1 parish cllr)[42]
People Against Bureaucracy Malcolm Stennett Transparency N/A Cheltenham, Gloucestershire 3[43][44]
Guildford Greenbelt Group Susan Parker Environmentalism N/A Guildford 3[45]
North East Party Mark Burdon Regionalism, Subsidiarity, Progressivism Centre to centre-left Durham 3[46]
Middlewich First James Basford Localism N/A Cheshire East 3[47] (+5 parish cllrs)
Putting Hartlepool First James Black Localism N/A Hartlepool 3[48]
Democrats and Veterans John Rees-Evans Euroscepticism, Libertarianism, Direct democracy[49] N/A Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council, Hartlepool Borough Council 3[50][51]
Highwoods Group Beverley Oxford N/A N/A Colchester 3[52]
The Borough First[53] Charles Hollingsworth N/A N/A Windsor and Maidenhead 2[54]
Morecambe Bay Independents Roger Dennison Localism N/A Lancaster 2[55]
Henley Residents Group No leader N/A N/A South Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire 2 (+6 parish cllrs)[56]
For Britain Movement Anne Marie Waters Anti-Islam, Right-wing populism, British nationalism,
National conservatism, Hard Euroscepticism
Far-right Hartlepool Borough Council, Epping Forest District Council 2[57][58]
Aontú Peadar Tóibín Anti-abortion, Irish republicanism, Irish reunification,
Social conservatism, Soft Euroscepticism
Syncretic Derry City and Strabane District Council, Mid Ulster District Council 2
West Dunbartonshire Community Party Drew MacEoghainn Socialism Left-wing West Dunbartonshire 1[59]
Lincolnshire Independents Marianne Overton Regionalism N/A Lincolnshire 1[60]
Harold Hill Independent Lorraine Moss Localism N/A Havering 1[61]
Merthyr Independents Stephen Brown [62] N/A N/A Merthyr Tydfil County Borough Council 1[63]
The Cynon Valley Party No leader Localism N/A Rhondda Cynon Taf 1 [64]
The Rubbish Party Sally Cogley Localism, Environmentalism N/A East Ayrshire 1
Cross-Community Labour Alternative Owen McCracken Democratic socialism, Trade unionism, Nonsectarianism,
Left-wing Fermanagh and Omagh District Council 1
Aspire Kalam Mahmud Abu Taher Choudhury Social democracy, Localism N/A Tower Hamlets Council 1
Newcastle Independents Jason Smith Localism N/A Newcastle City Council 1[65]

Civil parishes and community councils

Party Leader Ideology Political position Councillors
Independents for Frome Lizzie Boyle (Convener) Localism, Conservation N/A 17[66]
Devizes Guardians Nigel Carter Localism, Conservation N/A 11[67]
Official Monster Raving Loony Party Howling Laud Hope Political satirism, Populism Centre
Big tent
Women's Equality Party Mandu Reid Feminism, Egalitarianism, Pro-Europeanism Centre-left 1
Animal Welfare Party Vanessa Hudson Animal welfare N/A 1[68]
Cornish Nationalist Party Androw Hawke Cornish nationalism, Cornish devolution, Pan-Celticism Right-wing 1

No elected UK representation

This is a table of notable minor parties. Many parties are registered with the Electoral Commission but do not qualify for this list as they have not received significant independent coverage. Parties active across Ireland may have representation in the Republic of Ireland but not Northern Ireland.

Party Leader Ideology Political position
Social Democratic Party William Clouston Social democracy, Communitarianism,
Euroscepticism, Social conservatism
Centre to centre-left
Libertarian Party Adam Brown Libertarianism, Classical liberalism, Euroscepticism N/A
Peace Party John Morris Pacifism, Environmentalism N/A
Pirate Party Harley James Faggetter Pirate politics, Civil libertarianism N/A
National Health Action Dr Alex Ashman Re-nationalisation of the NHS, Social democracy,
Environmentalism, Anti-austerity, Reformism
Young People's Party Thomas Hall Tax reform, Georgism, Egalitarianism N/A
Whig Party Waleed Ghani Pro-Europeanism, Social progressivism, Whiggism Centre
Volt UK[69] Philipp Gnatzy[69] Pro-Europeanism, European federalism, Social liberalism, Progressivism Centre to centre-left
4 Freedoms Party (UK EEP) Dirk Hazell Conservatism, Pro-Europeanism Centre-right
Advance Together Annabel Mullin Social liberalism, Subsidiarity, Reformism, Pro-Europeanism Centre
UK European Union Party Pierre Kirk Pro-Europeanism, Cultural liberalism, Social liberalism,
Fiscal conservatism
Something New Dr James Smith No fixed ideology Centre
Renew Party Julie Girling Pro-Europeanism Centre
Veterans and People's Party Robin Horsfall N/A Centre
Independent Union Localism N/A
Workers Party of Britain[70] George Galloway Socialism, Anti-imperialism, Euroscepticism[70] Left-wing[70]
Communist Party of Britain
No clear leader Communism Far-left
Revolutionary Communist Party of
Britain (Marxist–Leninist)
Chris Coleman Communism Far-left
Communist Party of Great Britain
Ella Rule Communism, Anti-revisionism Far-left
New Communist Party of Britain Andy Brooks Communism, Marxism-Leninism, Anti-revisionism, Hard Euroscepticism Far-left
Communist Party of Britain Robert Griffiths Communism, Socialism Far-left
Communist Party of Great Britain
(Provisional Central Committee)
Collective leadership Communism Far-left
Workers Revolutionary Party Joshua Ogunleye Trotskyism, Euroscepticism, Healyism Far-left
Socialist Equality Party No clear leader Orthodox Trotskyism Far-left
Communist League No clear leader Orthodox Trotskyism Far-left
Socialist Workers Party Collective leadership Trotskyism Far-left
Socialist Party (England and Wales) Hannah Sell Trotskyism Far-left
Independent Working Class Association No clear leader Socialism Left-wing
Socialist Party of Great Britain Collective leadership Socialism, Marxism, Impossibilism Far-left
Lewisham People Before Profit Patricia Richardson Socialism, Localism Left-wing
Alliance for Green Socialism Mike Davies Eco-socialism, Anti-capitalism, Participatory democracy, Republicanism Left-wing
Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition Dave Nellist Trade unionism, Socialism, Euroscepticism Left-wing to far-left
Left Unity Sharon McCourt
Joseph Healy
Nick Jones
(Principal Speakers)
Socialism, Anti-capitalism, Environmentalism,
Feminism, Anti-racism, Pro-Europeanism
National Front Tony Martin Fascism, Neo-fascism, British nationalism, White supremacism
Factions: Neo-Nazism, Radical populism, Third Positionism
Britain First Paul Golding British Fascism, Ultranationalism, British unionism, Anti-Islam, Euroscepticism Far-right
British National Party Adam Walker British Fascism, Right-wing populism, White nationalism, White supremacism,
Ethnic nationalism, Ultranationalism, Hard Euroscepticism
British Democrats Andrew Brons Ultranationalism, British unionism, British fascism,
Sovereignism, Right-wing populism, Euroscepticism
Britannica Party Charles Baillie British Fascism, Right-wing populism Far-right
National Liberal Party Upkar Singh Rai Decentralisation, Euroscepticism, Direct democracy, Anti-capitalism Far-right
English Democrats Robin Tilbrook English nationalism, English independence,
English parliamentary devolution, Euroscepticism
Right-wing to far-right
Wessex Regionalists Jim Gunter Wessex regionalism, Agrarianism N/A
RISE - Scotland's Left Alliance Jonathon Shafi Anti-capitalism, Eco-socialism, Scottish independence, Scottish republicanism Left-wing
Christian Party Jeff Green Christian right, Euroscepticism, Social conservatism, British unionism Right-wing
Scottish Democratic Alliance Robert Lamb Watson Scottish independence, Hard Euroscepticism Centre-right
Scottish Libertarian Party Tam Laird Libertarianism, Classical liberalism, Minarchism, Individualism,
Scottish independence, Soft Euroscepticism
Scottish Unionist Party Daniel Houston Scottish unionism, British unionism, Anti-Scottish Parliament Right-wing
Cymru Sovereign No clear leader Welsh nationalism, Welsh independence, Hard Euroscepticism N/A
Borders Party Frances Pringle Localism N/A
Independent Green Voice Alistair McConnachie Green politics N/A
Scottish Socialist Party Collective leadership Socialism, Scottish republicanism Left-wing to far-left
Solidarity Tommy Sheridan Socialism, Scottish republicanism Left-wing to far-left
Socialist Party Scotland No clear leader Socialism, Trotskyism, Trade unionism Far-left
Workers' Party of Ireland Michael Donnelly Irish republicanism, Communism Far-left
Irish Republican Socialist Party Collective leadership Irish republicanism, Socialism, Marxism-Leninism,
Left-wing nationalism, Left-wing populism,
Internationalism, Anti-globalisation,
United Ireland, Euroscepticism
Saoradh Collective leadership N/A Far-left
Fianna Fáil
(Major party in Ireland)
Micheál Martin Liberalism, Conservatism, Christian democracy,
Irish nationalism, Pro-Europeanism
Centre to centre-right
Progressive Unionist Party Billy Hutchinson British unionism, Democratic socialism, Social democracy Centre-left
Republican Sinn Féin Seosamh Ó Maoileoin Irish republicanism, Irish nationalism, Éire Nua,
Socialism, Euroscepticism, Abstentionism,
Socialist Party (Ireland) Collective leadership Democratic socialism, Political radicalism,
Trotskyism, Euroscepticism
Left-wing to far-left
Éirígí Brian Leeson Socialism, Irish republicanism, Anti-imperialism,
Euroscepticism, Environmentalism
Left-wing to far-left
Christian Peoples Alliance Sidney Cordle Christian democracy, Social conservatism, Euroscepticism Right-wing
The Common Good Dick Rodgers Christian democracy N/A
Church of the Militant Elvis Party David Bishop Political satire, Green politics Centre-left
Northern Independence Party Philip Proudfoot and Evie McGovern Northern independence, Democratic socialism

Defunct parties

Party Foundation/
Leader at dissolution Ideology Political position
Cannabis Is Safer Than Alcohol 2015–2016 Paul Birch Cannabis legalisation N/A
The Independent Group for Change 2019 Anna Soubry Centrism, Pro-Europeanism Centre
Countryside Party 2000–2008 No clear leader Agrarianism, Conservatism N/A
Democratic Alliance of Wales 1999–2008 Mike German Localism N/A
Democratic Labour 1972–1979 Dick Taverne Social democracy Centre-left
Democratic Party 1998–2010 Geoff Southall Euroscepticism, Direct democracy Right-wing
Fellowship Party 1955–2007 Sidney Fagan Environmentalism, Pacifism, Christian socialism Left-wing
Islamic Party of Britain 1989–2006 David Musa Pidcock Islamism Third position
Jury Team 2009–2011 Sir Paul Judge Nonpartisan politics, Localism, Direct democracy Big tent
Legalise Cannabis Alliance 1997–2013 Peter Reynolds Cannabis legalisation, Drug policy reform N/A
Make Politicians History 2005–2009 Ronnie Carroll Anti-Parliamentarianism N/A
Natural Law Party 1992–2004 No clear leader Pro-Transcendental Meditation N/A
New Party 2003–2010 Richard Vass Neoliberalism, Economic liberalism, Internationalism,
Euroscepticism, Right-libertarianism
Tower Hamlets First 2013–2015 Lutfur Rahman Social democracy, Localism Centre-left
New Deal 2013–2015 Alan Sked Euroscepticism, Social liberalism Centre-left
Anti-Federalist League
(Later became what is now UKIP)
1991–1993 Alan Sked Euroscepticism Right-wing
Liberal Party
(Merged with SDP to make Liberal Democrats)
1859–1988 David Steel[Note 7] Liberalism, Classical liberalism, Social liberalism Centre
No Candidate Deserves My Vote! 2000–2012 Amanda Ringwood Electoral reform, None of the above N/A
Green Party UK
Predecessor of the GPEW, SGP, and GPNI.
1985–1990 Tom Wood Green politics Left-wing
Ecology Party 1975–1985 Tony Whittaker Green politics N/A
Social Democratic Alliance 1975–1981 No clear leader Social democracy, Anti-communism Centre to centre-left
Social Democratic Party
(Merged with old Liberal Party
to make Liberal Democrats)
1981–1988 Robert Maclennan[Note 8] Social democracy, Social liberalism Centre
Trust Party 2010–2011 Stuart Wheeler Soft Euroscepticism N/A
United in Europe 2014–2015 Charles Cormack Pro-Europeanism Single-issue
Veritas 2005–2015 Therese Muchewicz Right-wing populism, Euroscepticism Right-wing
Referendum Party 1994–1997 James Goldsmith Euroscepticism Single-issue
No2EU 2009–2014 No clear leader Euroscepticism, Socialism Left-wing
We Demand a Referendum Now 2012–2014 Nikki Sinclaire Euroscepticism Single-issue
Independence from Europe 2012–2017 Mike Nattrass Euroscepticism, State ownership,
Direct democracy, English devolution
Socialist People's Party (Furness) 1995–2015 Jim Hamezian Socialism Left-wing
Pro-Euro Conservative Party 1999–2001 John Stevens
Brendan Donnelly
One-nation conservatism, Liberal conservatism,
Centre to centre-right
United Kingdom First Party 2009-2010 Robin Page Populism, Euroscepticism N/A
Respect Party 2004–2016 George Galloway Anti-war, Socialism, Anti-capitalism, Anti-imperialism,
Anti-Zionism, Euroscepticism
Left-wing to far-left
Left List 2008–2010 Collective leadership Socialism Left-wing
Class War 2014–2015 No clear leader Anarchism Left-wing to far-left
November 9th Society 1977–2009 Kevin Quinn Neo-Nazism, White nationalism, White supremacy Far-right
National Democrats 1995–2011 No clear leader British nationalism, Right-wing populism, Third positionism,
Euroscepticism, National conservatism
White Nationalist Party 2002–2005 No clear leader White nationalism, Neo-fascism, White supremacy Far-right
Freedom Party 2000–2006 Adrian Davies Anti-immigration, Protectionism Right-wing to far-right
England First 2003–2012 Mark Cotterill Ethnic nationalism, English nationalism,
English independence, Euroscepticism
Nationalist Alliance 2005–2008 Catherine Parker-Brown White supremacy Far-right
British Freedom Party 2010–2012 Kevin Carroll British nationalism, Euroscepticism, Anti-Islam Far-right
Liberty GB 2013–2017 Paul Weston Hard Euroscepticism, Right-wing populism,
British nationalism, Social conservatism
Boston Bypass Independents 2006–2011 Richard Austin Localism N/A
Community Action Party 2002–2016 Michael Moulding Environmentalism, Localism Centre-left
The Community Group (Hounslow) 1994–2016 Ian Speed Localism N/A
For Darwen Party 2007–2013 Stephen Potter Localism, Hard Euroscepticism N/A
Free England Party 2008–2009 Tom Wyatt English nationalism, Civic nationalism,
English independence, Euroscepticism
Northern Party 2015–2016 Michael Dawson Northern England Regionalism N/A
One London 2005–2008 Damian Hockney Euroscepticism N/A
People's Democratic Party 2012–2017 Lee Robert Holmes Localism, Centrism, Social justice, Populism Centre
The Independents 2019 No leader N/A N/A
Communist Party of Scotland 1992–2017(?) No clear leader Communism, Marxism-Leninism, Scottish independence Far-left
East Kilbride Alliance 2007–2012 No clear leader Localism Centre-left
Fishing Party (Scotland) 2003–2004 George Geddes N/A Single-issue
Highlands and Islands Alliance 1998–2004 Lorraine Mann Localism, Regionalism, Soft Euroscepticism N/A
Publican Party 2005–2007 No clear leader Anti-smoking ban Single-issue
Scottish Jacobite Party 2005–2007 &
John Black Scottish independence, Scottish republicanism,
Scottish Enterprise Party
(Now Scottish Democratic Alliance)
2004–2009 Robert Lamb Watson Scottish independence, Hard Euroscepticism Centre-right
Scottish Voice 2007–2012 Archie Stirling N/A Centre-right
Blaenau Gwent People's Voice 2005–2010 No clear leader Localism, Populism N/A
Cymru Annibynnol 2000–2004 No clear leader Welsh independence, Republicanism, Welsh nationalism Centre-left to left-wing
Forward Wales 2003–2010 John Marek Socialism, Welsh nationalism Left-wing
NI21 2013–2016 Basil McCrea Ulster unionism, Social liberalism, Secularism,
Nonsectarianism, Pro-Europeanism
Northern Ireland Women's Coalition 1996–2006 Monica McWilliams
Pearl Sagar
Feminism, Nonsectarianism N/A
Protestant Coalition 2013–2015 Robert McKee Irish unionism, Ulster loyalism, British nationalism,
Christian fundamentalism, Christian right
Ulster Popular Unionist Party 1980–1995 James Kilfedder British unionism, Pro-devolution Centre-right
UK Unionist Party 1995–2008 Robert McCartney British unionism, Nonsectarianism, Integrationism Centre-right
United Ulster Unionist Party 1975–1984 Ernest Baird Ulster loyalism N/A
Vanguard Unionist Progressive Party 1972–1978 William Craig British nationalism, Ulster loyalism Right-wing to far-right
ProLife Alliance 1996–2004 Josephine Quintavalle
Bruno Quintavalle
Anti-abortion Single-issue
Fancy Dress Party 1979–2017 Steven Fumpleton Political satire N/A
Free Party 2001–2002 No clear leader N/A N/A
MP3 Party 2002–2007 Ruslan Fedorovsky Political satire N/A
Raving Loony Green Giant Party 1989–1993 Stuart Hughes Environmentalism, Political satire N/A
Rock 'n' Roll Loony Party 2000–2007 Chris Driver Political satire N/A

Historical parties

See also


  1. ^ Including 26 as Lab Co-op.
  2. ^ The Speaker, Sir Lindsay Hoyle, is not included in this tally as the speaker stands in the election as "Speaker seeking re-election" and no longer has ties with their original party.
  3. ^ Including 7 as Lab Co-op.
  4. ^ Including 11 as Lab Co-op.
  5. ^ Sinn Fein operate a policy of Abstentionism and do not take their Commons seats
  6. ^ Party operates a policy of collective leadership, but Eamonn McCann is listed as the party's leader for the purposes of registration to the UK Electoral Commission.
  7. ^ The SDP-Liberal Alliance at dissolution was jointly led by Steel as the leader of the Liberal Party and Robert Maclennan as the leader of the SDP.
  8. ^ The SDP-Liberal Alliance at dissolution was jointly led by David Steel as the leader of the Liberal Party and Maclennan as the leader of the SDP.


  1. ^ "Whatever you think of Ukip or the Greens, our electoral system is robbing them". 14 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Green party leader condemns first-past-the-post voting system". 9 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  3. ^ "General Election 2015: Sixty per cent of people want voting reform, says survey". 5 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  4. ^ "Election 2015". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  5. ^ "Green party and Ukip join forces to demand electoral overhaul". 18 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  6. ^ John Marshall: Membership of UK political parties; House of Commons, SN/SG/5125; 2009, page 6. http://www.parliament.uk/commons/lib/research/briefings/snsg-05125.pdf Retrieved 5 January 2012
  7. ^ "Party Finance – The Electoral Commission : Regulatory issues : Political parties : Registers : Register of political parties". Search.electoralcommission.org.uk. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  8. ^ "Search – The Electoral Commission". electoralcommission.org.uk. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Local Council Political Compositions". Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  10. ^ Quote from James Cleverly from Jack Blanchard on Politico Retrieved 3 October 2019
  11. ^ Evans, Joe (23 November 2020). "Keir Starmer hit by 'exodus' of Labour members led by Jeremy Corbyn supporters". The Week. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  12. ^ Keen, Richard; Audickas, Lukas (3 September 2018). "SNP membership overtakes Conservatives across UK" (PDF). www.BBC.com. British Broadcasting Company. p. 13. Retrieved 4 September 2018. Data from the House of Commons Library shows the SNP has just under 125,500 registered members, compared to 124,000 for the Tories.
  13. ^ Liberal Democrats Press Office Announcement on Twitter 6 September 2019
  14. ^ "Plaid Cymru see 25% membership boost following Adam Price's leadership victory". 12 October 2018.
  15. ^ Scottish Green Party loses 30% of members since 2014 Retrieved 18 October 2019
  16. ^ "Northern Ireland local elections 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Greens' growth has just begun". Belfast Telegraph. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  18. ^ "Local council political compositions". Open Council Data UK. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  19. ^ Loft, Philip; Dempsey, Noel; Audickas, Lukas (9 August 2019). "Membership of UK political parties". parliament.uk. Archived from the original on 22 June 2019. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  20. ^ "Heritage Party". The Electoral Commission. The Electoral Commission. Retrieved 6 November 2020.
  21. ^ "About". Heritage Party. The Heritage Party. Retrieved 6 November 2020.
  22. ^ a b c "The Green Party's Core Values". Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  23. ^ "MyEpsomandEwell". eplanning.epsom-ewell.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  24. ^ Surrey County Council, County Hall (30 September 2016). "Your Councillors". Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  25. ^ "Mansfield District Council - List of Councillors". Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
  26. ^ "Councillors". Castle Point Borough Council. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
  27. ^ https://www.essex.gov.uk/Your-Council/Councillors/Documents/Members.pdf
  28. ^ "Residents for Uttlesford County & District Councillors". Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  29. ^ "East Devon Alliance History". Archived from the original on 2 August 2016. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  30. ^ "Council political composition". East Devon District Council. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  31. ^ "Your Representatives". 20 February 2017.
  32. ^ "Local Council Political Compositions". www.gwydir.demon.co.uk. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  33. ^ "Council's political make-up - Durham County Council". www.durham.gov.uk.
  34. ^ "Councillors – Stanley Town Council". Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  35. ^ Your Councillors. Gwynedd Council. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
  36. ^ "Councillors". West Lancashire Borough Council. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  37. ^ Council, Hartlepool Borough. "Hartlepool Borough Council - Find Councillors". www.hartlepool.gov.uk.
  38. ^ "Your Councillors". Belfast City Council. 21 February 2018. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  39. ^ "Councillors". Causeway Coast and Glens District Council. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  40. ^ "Independent1". www.barnsleyindependentgroup.co.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  41. ^ Gareth Willey (5 May 2017). "Newport Local Election Results (2017)". Newport City Radio. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  42. ^ "nottinghampost".
  43. ^ List of Councillors in Cheltenham Borough Council.
  44. ^ List of Councillors in Gloucestershire County Council.
  45. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 May 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  46. ^ "Your Councillors by Party". Retrieved 21 August 2017.
  47. ^ "Councillors – Middlewich Town Council". Retrieved 30 September 2016.[permanent dead link]
  48. ^ Council, Hartlepool Borough. "Hartlepool Borough Council - Find Councillors". www.hartlepool.gov.uk.
  49. ^ "Our Values". Democrats and Veterans. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  50. ^ "Local government elections 2019". www.barnsley.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  51. ^ Council, Hartlepool Borough. "Hartlepool Borough Council - Find Councillors". www.hartlepool.gov.uk.
  52. ^ "CMIS > Councillors". colchester.cmis.uk.com.
  53. ^ "View registration - The Electoral Commission". search.electoralcommission.org.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  54. ^ "Your Councillors". 30 September 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  55. ^ "Your Councillors". 30 September 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  56. ^ "Councillors". www.henleytowncouncil.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  57. ^ "Councillors by Party: For Britain Movement | Hartlepool Borough Council".
  58. ^ "Election results by party, 2 May 2019". www.eppingforestdc.gov.uk. 2 May 2019.
  59. ^ "2017 Council Election Results - West Dunbartonshire Council". www.west-dunbarton.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  60. ^ https://www.lincolnshire.gov.uk/local-democracy/about-your-county-councillor/
  61. ^ "Councillor Jan Sargent". Havering London Borough Council.
  62. ^ "Merthyr Independents". The Electoral Commission. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  63. ^ "Independents win control of Merthyr Tydfil council and oust Labour after delayed ward votet". Wales Online. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  64. ^ County Borough Council Elections 2017, Rhondda Cynon Taf County Borough Council. Retrieved 2018-09-23.
  65. ^ "Find Councillor". www.newcastle.gov.uk. 21 July 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  66. ^ "Frome Town Council Elections 2015". Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  67. ^ "Contact a Devizes Town Councillor". www.devizes-tc.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  68. ^ https://www.alsagertowncouncil.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Jane-Smith.pdf
  69. ^ a b "View registration - The Electoral Commission". search.electoralcommission.org.uk. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  70. ^ a b c "Introducing the Workers Party". Workers Party of Britain. 12 December 2019.

External links

This page was last updated at 2021-05-24 14:42, update this pageView original page

All information on this site, including but not limited to text, pictures, etc., are reproduced on Wikipedia (wikipedia.org), following the . Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License


If the math, chemistry, physics and other formulas on this page are not displayed correctly, please useFirefox or Safari