wanweipedia

Lule–Vilela languages Redirected from Lule–Vilelan languages

Lule–Vilela
Geographic
distribution
northern Argentina
Linguistic classificationOne of the world's primary language families
Subdivisions
GlottologNone
Lule-Vilelan languages.png

The two Lule–Vilela languages constitute a small, distantly related language family of northern Argentina. Kaufman found the relationship likely and with general agreement among the major classifiers of South American languages. Viegas Barros published additional evidence from 1996–2006. However, Zamponi (2008) considers Lule and Vilela each as language isolates, with similarities being due to contact.[1]

Internal classification

Internal classification of the Lule–Vilela languages by Mason (1950):[2]

Lule–Vilela
  • Lule
    • Great Lule (of Miraflores, of Machoni)
    • Small Lule
      • Isistiné
      • Tokistiné
      • Oristiné
  • Vilela
    • Atalalá
    • Chunupí (Sinipé, Chulupí)
      • Yooc (Yoo, Wamalca)
      • Ocolé
      • Yecoanita
    • Pasain (Pazaine)
    • Omoampa (Umuapa)
    • Vacaa
    • Vilela
    • Ipa
    • Takete
    • Yoconoampa (Yecunampa)
    • Wamalca
    • (Malbalá ?)

Unclassfied languages are Tonocoté, Matará, and Guacará.[2]

Vocabulary

Loukotka (1968) lists the following basic vocabulary items for Lule, Vilela, and Chunupí.[3]

gloss Lule Vilela Chunupí
one alapea
two tamop
three tamlip
head tokó niskún niskan
tooth l'ú lupé
water to maá
fire ikue nié nié
sun ini oló oló
moon kopi kokpi
star tókxo
tree é
maize pilis
bird peás
dog huan-okol
jaguar ikém ikempé
black kirimit

Proto-language

For reconstructions of Proto-Lule-Vilela by Viegas Barros (2006),[4] see the corresponding Spanish article.

References

  1. ^ Zamponi, Raoul. 2008. Sulla fonologia e la rappresentazione ortografica del lule. Arte y vocabulario de la lengua Lule y Tonocoté, ed. by Antonio Maccioni, xxi–lviii. Cagliari: Centro di Studi Filogici Sardi.
  2. ^ a b Mason, John Alden (1950). "The languages of South America". In Steward, Julian (ed.). Handbook of South American Indians. 6. Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 143. pp. 157–317.
  3. ^ Loukotka, Čestmír (1968). Classification of South American Indian languages. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center. pp. 63–65.
  4. ^ Viegas Barros, J. Pedro (2006). Proto-Lule-Vilela: Una Reconstrucción Fonológica Preliminar. Comisión “Lenguas Chaqueñas” del 52 Congreso Internacional de Americanistas. Sevilla (España): Universidad de Sevilla. 17-21 de julio de 2006.
  • Viegas Barros, J. P. (2001). "Evidencias del parentesco de las lenguas lule y vilela". Colección Folklore y Antropología, 4. Santa Fe: Subsecretaría de Cultura, Dirección Provincial de Gestión Cultural. pp. 15–21.
  • Adelaar, William F.H.; Pieter C. Muysken (2004). The Languages of the Andes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 385–392. ISBN 0-521-36275-X.
  • Greenberg, Joseph; Ruhlen, Merritt (2007-09-04). An Amerind Etymological Dictionary (PDF) (12 ed.). Stanford: Dept. of Anthropological Sciences Stanford University. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-25. Retrieved 2008-06-27.

External links

  • Alain Fabre. 2005. Diccionario etnolingüístico y guía bibliográfica de los pueblos indígenas sudamericanos. 'Lule–Vilela'

This page was last updated at 2021-03-26 17:27, update this pageView original page

All information on this site, including but not limited to text, pictures, etc., are reproduced on Wikipedia (wikipedia.org), following the . Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License


Top

If the math, chemistry, physics and other formulas on this page are not displayed correctly, please useFirefox or Safari