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Lys (department) Redirected from Lys (département)

Department of Lys

Département de la Lys (fr)
Departement Leie (nl)
1795–1814
Flag of Lys
Lys and other annexed departments
Lys and other annexed departments
StatusDepartment of the French First Republic and French First Empire
Chef-lieuBruges
51°12′N 3°13′E / 51.200°N 3.217°E / 51.200; 3.217
Official languagesFrench
Common languagesDutch
Historical eraFrench Revolutionary Wars
• Creation
1 October 1795
• Treaty of Paris, disestablished
30 May 1814
Area
18043,022 km2 (1,167 sq mi)
18123,669 km2 (1,417 sq mi)
Population
• 1784
444,260[1]
• 1804
461,659[1]
• 1805
471,689[2]
• 1812
491,143[3]
Preceded by Succeeded by
Austrian Netherlands
United Kingdom of the Netherlands
Today part of

Lys ([lis], Dutch: Leie) was a department of the French First Republic and French First Empire in present-day Belgium. It was named after the river Lys (Leie). It was created on 1 October 1795, when the Austrian Netherlands and the Prince-Bishopric of Liège were officially annexed by the French Republic.[4] Before the reunion with France, its territory was part of the County of Flanders. Its Chef-lieu was Bruges.

The department was subdivided into the following four arrondissements and cantons (as of 1812):[3]

After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, the department became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. Its territory corresponded more or less with the present-day Belgian province of West Flanders.

Administration

Prefects

The Prefect was the highest state representative in the department.

Term start Term end Office holder
2 March 1800[5] 9 February 1804 François Marie Joseph Justin de Viry
9 February 1804[6] 12 May 1808 François Bernard de Chauvelin
30 November 1810[7] 25 August 1811 Pierre Amédée Vincent Joseph Marie Arborio-Biamino
25 August 1811[8] 30 May 1814 Jean François Soult

General Secretaries

The General Secretary was the deputy to the Prefect.

Term start Term end Office holder
2 March 1800[3] 30 May 1814 Auguste Henissart

Subprefects of Bruges

Until 1811, the Prefect also held the office of Subprefect of Bruges.

Term start Term end Office holder
14 January 1811[9] 30 May 1814 Delanghe

Subprefects of Courtray

Term start Term end Office holder
25 April 1800[9] 3 May 1801 Jean Baptiste De Burck
3 May 1801[9] 3 May 1802 Constant
3 May 1802[9] 30 May 1814 Antoine Alexis Joseph Picquet

Subprefects of Furnes

Term start Term end Office holder
25 April 1800[9] 1 September 1801 Van den Bussche
1 September 1801[9] 3 May 1802 Antoine Alexis Joseph Picquet
3 May 1802[9] 25 March 1807 Philippe Jacques Herwyn
25 March 1807[9] 21 September 1808 Nicolas Charles Joseph Dubois
21 September 1808[9] 8 April 1813 Delaëter
8 April 1813[9] 30 May 1814 F. Heim

Subprefects of Ypres

Term start Term end Office holder
25 April 1800[9] 30 May 1814 Arnould Claude Gallois

References

  1. ^ a b Mémoire statistique du département de la Lys. Imprimerie de Sa Majesté. 1804. p. 1-29.
  2. ^ Annuaire du Département de la Lys. Imprimerie de Sa Majesté. 1805. p. 128.
  3. ^ a b c Almanach Impérial. Imprimerie de Sa Majesté. 1812. p. 427.
  4. ^ Duvergier, Jean-Baptiste (1835). Collection complète des lois, décrets, ordonnances, réglemens et avis du Conseil d'état, t. 8. p. 300.
  5. ^ Archives Nationales. "VIRY, François Marie Joseph Justin de". francearchives.fr. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  6. ^ Archives Nationales. "CHAUVELIN, Bernard François de". francearchives.fr. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  7. ^ Archives Nationales. "BIAMINO ARBORIO, Pierre Amédée Vincent Joseph Marie". francearchives.fr. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  8. ^ Archives Nationales. "SOULT, Jean François". francearchives.fr. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Tulard, Jean & Marie-José (2014). Napoléon et 40 millions de sujets: La centralisation et le premier empire. p. 1833.

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