wanweipedia

Macro-Warpean languages

Macro-Warpean
(controversial)
Geographic
distribution
South America
Linguistic classificationProposed language family
Subdivisions
GlottologNone

Macro-Warpean (or Macro-Huarpean) is a provisional proposal by Kaufman (1994) that connected the extinct Huarpe language with the previously connected Muran and Matanawí (Mura–Matanawí).[1] Morris Swadesh had included Huarpe in his Macro-Jibaro proposal.[2]

Language contact

For the Mura-Matanawi languages, Jolkesky (2016) notes that there are lexical similarities with the Kwaza, Taruma, Katukina-Katawixi, Arawak, Jeoromitxi, Tupi, and Arawa language families due to contact.[3]

Comparison

Comparison of basic vocabulary in Matanawí and Mura-Pirahã by Diego Valio Antunes Alves (2019: 86),[4] with data of both languages cited from Curt Nimuendajú (1925):[5]

Portuguese gloss
(original)
English gloss
(translated)
Matanawí Mura-Pirahã
língua tongue ihuzɨ ipopaj
lábio lip ɲaruzɨohᴐ apipaj
orelha ear atahuzɨ apopaj
cabelo hair apa zi jaa apapataj
coxa thigh aritʊzɨ, aritᴐzi akuapaj
boca mouth ɲaru zɨ kaopaj
dente tooth arɨzɨ atopaj
nariz nose natuzi itopaj
olho eye tuʃiji kupaj
braço arm apiji atoewe
mão hand ũsu zɨ upaj
unha da mão fingernail ũsuzɨhᴐ upapaj
perna leg aturazɨ ipopaj
foot iʃijɨ apaj
água water apɨ pe
fogo fire ua wai
chuva rain apɨ pe
lua moon ka kahaiai
terra earth wɨsa bege
pedra stone aja aapuuj
sol sun viː wese
casa house pi ataj
rede net api apiʃara
flecha arrow awɨ apoahaj
pente comb parata isowe
esteira mat kɨnũ pahoese
panela pan wata waaj
paus para produzir fogo sticks for starting fire ɨ ie
mel honey ʦɨza ahaj
milho maize iwari tihuahaj
mandioca manioc iʃehe
tabaco tobacco ɨsəki iʧehe

References

  1. ^ Kaufman, Terrence. (1994). The native languages of South America. In C. Mosley & R. E. Asher (Eds.), Atlas of the world's languages (pp. 46–76). London: Routledge.
  2. ^ Payne, David Lawrence. 1981. "Bosquejo fonológico del Proto-Shuar-Candoshi: evidencias para una relación genética." Revista del Museo Nacional 45. 323-377.
  3. ^ Jolkesky, Marcelo Pinho de Valhery (2016). Estudo arqueo-ecolinguístico das terras tropicais sul-americanas (Ph.D. dissertation) (2 ed.). Brasília: University of Brasília.
  4. ^ Valio Antunes Alves, Diego. 2019. Langue matanawí: Description phonologique et proposition de classification linguistique. M.A. dissertation, Université de la Sorbonne. 86 pp.
  5. ^ Nimuendajú, Curt. 1925. As Tribus do Alto Madeira. Journal de la Société des Américanistes XVII. 137-172. (PDF)



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