Mataco–Guaicuru languages

South America
Linguistic classificationProposed language family
Mataco-Guaicuru Languages.png

Mataguayo–Guaicuru, Mataco–Guaicuru or Macro-Waikurúan is a proposed language family consisting of the Mataguayan and Guaicuruan languages. Pedro Viegas Barros claims to have demonstrated it.[1][2][3] These languages are spoken in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Bolivia.

Genetic relations

Jorge Suárez linked Guaicuruan and Charruan in a Waikuru-Charrúa stock. Kaufman (2007: 72) has also added Lule–Vilela and Zamucoan,[4] while Morris Swadesh proposed a Macro-Mapuche stock that included Matacoan, Guaicuruan, Charruan, and Mascoyan. Campbell (1997) has argued that those hypotheses should be further investigated, though he no longer intends to evaluate it.[5]

Language contact

Jolkesky (2016) notes that there are lexical similarities with the Arawakan, Tupian, Trumai, and Ofayé language families due to contact, pointing to an origin of Proto-Mataguayo-Guaicuruan in the Upper Paraguay River basin.[6]:439


Internal classification by Jolkesky (2016):[6]

(† = extinct)


Chaco linguistic area

Campbell and Grondona (2012) consider the languages to be part of a Chaco linguistic area. Common Chaco areal features include SVO word order and active-stative verb alignment.[7]

See also


  1. ^ Pedro Viegas Barros (1992-1993). ¿Existe una relación genética entre las lenguas mataguayas y guaycurúes? Em: J. Braunstein (ed.), Hacia una nueva carta étnica del Gran Chaco V, 193-213. Las Lomitas (Formosa): Centro del Hombre Antiguo Chaqueño (CHACO).
  2. ^ Pedro Viegas Barros (2006). La hipótesis macro-guaicurú. Semejanzas gramaticales guaicurú-mataguayo. Revista UniverSOS, 3:183-212. Valencia: Universidad de Valencia.
  3. ^ Pedro Viegas Barros (2013). La hipótesis de parentesco Guaicurú-Mataguayo: estado actual de la cuestión. Revista Brasileira de Linguística Antropológica, 5.2:293-333.
  4. ^ Kaufman, Terrence. 2007. South America. In: R. E. Asher and Christopher Moseley (eds.), Atlas of the World’s Languages (2nd edition), 59–94. London: Routledge.
  5. ^ Campbell, Lyle (2012). "Classification of the indigenous languages of South America". In Grondona, Verónica; Campbell, Lyle (eds.). The Indigenous Languages of South America. The World of Linguistics. 2. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 59–166. ISBN 9783110255133.
  6. ^ a b Jolkesky, Marcelo Pinho de Valhery (2016). Estudo arqueo-ecolinguístico das terras tropicais sul-americanas (Ph.D. dissertation) (2 ed.). Brasília: University of Brasília.
  7. ^ Campbell, Lyle; Grondona, Verónica (2012). "Languages of the Chaco and Southern Cone". In Grondona, Verónica; Campbell, Lyle (eds.). The Indigenous Languages of South America. The World of Linguistics. 2. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 625–668. ISBN 9783110255133.
  • Greenberg, Joseph H. (1987). Language in the Americas. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Kaufman, Terrence. (1990). Language history in South America: What we know and how to know more. In D. L. Payne (Ed.), Amazonian linguistics: Studies in lowland South American languages (pp. 13–67). Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-70414-3.
  • Kaufman, Terrence. (1994). The native languages of South America. In C. Mosley & R. E. Asher (Eds.), Atlas of the world's languages (pp. 46–76). London: Routledge.

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