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Matacoan languages

Matákoan
Mataguayo
Geographic
distribution
Amazon
Linguistic classificationMataco–Guaicuru ?
  • Matákoan
Glottologmata1289

Matacoan (also Mataguayan, Matákoan, Mataguayo, Mataco–Mataguayo, Matacoano, Matacoana) is a language family of northern Argentina, western Paraguay, and southeastern Bolivia.

Family division

Matacoan consists of four clusters of languages. The family also has a clear binary split between Wichí-Chorote and Maká-Nivaclé according to Nikulin (2019).[1] Gordon (2005) in Ethnologue divides Wichí into three separate languages and Chorote into two languages.

Matacoan
  • Wichí-Chorote
  • Maká-Nivaclé
    • Nivaclé (also known as Chulupí–Ashlushlay, Chulupí, Ajlujlay, Alhulhai, Niwaklé, Niwaqli, Churupi, Chulupe. The name Chulupí is common but pejorative.)
      • Forest Nivaclé
      • River Nivaclé
    • Maká (also known as Macá, Maca, Towolhi, Toothle, Nynaka, Mak’á, Enimaca, Enimaga)
      • Ma’ká (also known as Towolhi)
      • Enimaga (also known as Enimaa, Kochaboth)

Mason (1950)

Internal classification by Mason (1950):[2]

Mataco-Maca
  • Mataco
    • Mataco-Mataguayo
      • Mataco
        • Guisnay
        • Nocten (Octenai)
      • Mataguayo
        • Northern: Hueshuo, Pesatupe, Abucheta
        • Southern: Vejoz
    • Chorotí-Ashluslay
      • Chorotí (Yofuaha)
      • Ashluslay (Chulupí, Chonopí, Sukin, Sotiagay, Tapieté)
  • Macá (Enimagá, Cochaboth, Guaná, Lengua)
    • Enimagá
      • Macá (Towothli, Toosle)
    • Guentusé
    • Cochaboth-Lengua

Vocabulary

Loukotka (1968) lists the following basic vocabulary items for the Matacoan languages.[3]

gloss Choroti Choropí Suhín Sotsiagay Ashlusláy Mataco Vejoz Nocten Guisnai Enimaga Makká
head sétek satík shutich shatish nu-xleték litek etek oːn-sleták in-hitla
tooth sá-hue huetseːute tsaute seuté no-tsoté no-chete zoté oːs-totéʔi kon-xeti
water inát naːʔate inaat inaːat inát inót guag inat inát gualé iwalü
fire houat itox itox itox itóx itóx itag ütax etáx feit fat
sun kilé nʔkoklái hankuklai fünchokʔlaai fingoklai xuála ixuala ixuala ixuála tátla xunnu
moon huelä xuékla hiuerkla xiwekla huela ihuälä iguelach iguelä ivaʔedla xuwãl
star katés katés katéss katís katäs katés ketes foʔoteki
dog nóo nuuːx niuʔux niuʔux níu sidnóx signag esinax atsüná nunnax
jaguar ayä yaáx yáox yáʔox iyox haiyüx yag eyax haróx kometenax
black lämi klím klim lim palüx pelag peláx fo

Proto-language

For a reconstruction of Proto-Mataguayo by Viegas Barros (2002),[4] see the corresponding Spanish article.

References

  1. ^ Nikulin, Andrey V. 2019. The classification of the languages of the South American Lowlands: State-of-the-art and challenges / Классификация языков востока Южной Америки. Illič-Svityč (Nostratic) Seminar / Ностратический семинар, Higher School of Economics, October 17, 2019.
  2. ^ Mason, John Alden (1950). "The languages of South America". In Steward, Julian (ed.). Handbook of South American Indians. 6. Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 143. pp. 157–317.
  3. ^ Loukotka, Čestmír (1968). Classification of South American Indian languages. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center.
  4. ^ Viegas Barros, Pedro. 2002. Fonología del Proto-Mataguayo: Las fricativas dorsales. Mily Crevels, Simon van de Kerke, Sérgio Meira & Hein van der Voort (eds.), Current Studies on South American Languages [Indigenous Languages of Latin America, 3], p. 137-148. Leiden: Research School of Asian, African, and Amerindian Studies (CNWS).

Bibliography

  • Adelaar, Willem F. H.; & Muysken, Pieter C. (2004). The languages of the Andes. Cambridge language surveys. Cambridge University Press.
  • Campbell, Lyle. (1997). American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
  • Fabre, Alain (2005) Los Mataguayo (Online version: http://www.ling.fi/Entradas%20diccionario/Dic=Mataguayo.pdf)

External links


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