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Meitei calendar

The Meitei calendar (Meitei: ꯃꯩꯇꯩ ꯊꯥꯄꯥꯂꯣꯟ) or Manipuri calendar (Meitei: ꯃꯅꯤꯄꯨꯔꯤ ꯊꯥꯄꯥꯂꯣꯟ) or Kangleipak calendar (Meitei: ꯀꯪꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛ ꯊꯥꯄꯥꯂꯣꯟ) or Maliyapham Palcha Kumshing (Meitei: ꯃꯂꯤꯌꯥꯐꯝ ꯄꯥꯜꯆꯥ ꯀꯨꯝꯁꯤꯡ) is a lunisolar calendar used by the Meitei people of Manipur for their religious as well as agricultural activities. The concept of era in Meitei was first developed by Emperor Maliyafam Palcha, in the year 1397 BC (Palcha Era)[1] in the kingdom of Kangleipak in present-day Manipur. It is believed that the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 6th and 7th months of the Meitei calendar were named after Poireiten's agricultural activities. Similar to Georgian calendar, the Meitei calendar also consists of twelve months and seven days but the starting date with the English calendar is different.[2][3] The new year day known as, Sajibu Cheiraoba is celebrated on the 1st day of the month Sajibu.

Days

Meitei Romanisation English
ꯅꯣꯡꯃꯥꯏꯖꯤꯡ Nongmaijing Sunday
ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯀꯥꯕ Ningthoukaba Monday
ꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛꯄꯣꯛꯄ Leipakpokpa Tuesday
ꯌꯨꯝꯁꯀꯩꯁ Yumsakeisa Wednesday
ꯁꯒꯣꯜꯁꯦꯟ Sagolsen Thursday
ꯏꯔꯥꯢ Eerai Friday
ꯊꯥꯡꯖ Thangja Saturday

Months

Meitei Romanisation Days Gregorian
ꯁꯖꯤꯕꯨ Sajibu 30 Apr-May
ꯀꯥꯂꯦꯟ Kalen 30 May-Jun
ꯏꯉꯥ Eenga 30 Jun-Jul
ꯏꯉꯦꯟ Eengen 30 Jul-Aug
ꯊꯧꯋꯥꯟ Thouwan 30 Aug-Sept
ꯂꯥꯡꯕꯟ Langban 30 Sept-Oct
ꯃꯦꯔꯥ Mera 30 Oct-Nov
ꯍꯤꯌꯥꯡꯀꯩ Heeyangkei 30 Nov-Dec
ꯄꯣꯢꯅꯨ Poinu 30 Dec-Jan
ꯋꯥꯛꯆꯤꯡ Wakching 30 Jan-Feb
ꯐꯥꯢꯔꯦꯜ Fairel 30 Feb-Mar
ꯂꯝꯇꯥ Lamta 30 Mar-Apr

Important days

Preservation

There is a society which preserves the traditional calendar of Manipur.[4][5]

References

  1. ^ "The Puya and Cheitharol Kumbaba". e-pao.net.
  2. ^ "Names of 12 months of Kangleipak concepts and significances". e-pao.net.
  3. ^ "Nanao Meetei Calendar 2015 2016 In Meitei Mayek 201504". e-pao.net.
  4. ^ "SEACO celebrates its 9th foundation day : 06th aug19 ~ E-Pao! Headlines". e-pao.net.
  5. ^ "Kangleipak Calendar Board anniv held : 21st may14 ~ E-Pao! Headlines". e-pao.net.

This page was last updated at 2021-04-12 14:48, update this pageView original page

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