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Ming dynasty本文重定向自 Ming Dynasty

Great Ming

大明
1368–1644
Ming China in 1415 during the reign of the Yongle Emperor
Ming China in 1415 during the reign of the Yongle Emperor
Ming China around 1580
Ming China around 1580
CapitalNanjing
(1368–1644)[a]
Beijing
(1403–1644)[b][c]
Common languagesOfficial language:
Mandarin
Other Chinese languages
Other languages:
Turki, Old Uyghur, Tibetan, Mongolian, Jurchen, and others
Religion Heaven worship, Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism, Chinese folk religion, Islam, Roman Catholicism
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
Emperor (皇帝) 
• 1368–1398 (first)
Hongwu Emperor
• 1402–1424
Yongle Emperor
• 1572–1620 (longest)
Wanli Emperor
• 1627–1644 (last)
Chongzhen Emperor
Senior Grand Secretary 
• 1402–1407
Xie Jin
• 1644
Wei Zaode
History 
• Established in Nanjing1
23 January 1368
• Beijing designated as capital
28 October 1420
25 April 1644
• End of the Southern Ming2
1662
Area
1450[1][2]6,500,000 km2 (2,500,000 sq mi)
Population
• 1393[3]
65,000,000
• 1500[4]
125,000,000
• 1600[5]
160,000,000
GDP (nominal)estimate
• Per capita
Decrease 19.8 taels[6]
CurrencyPaper money (1368–1450)
Bimetallic:
copper cashes (, wén) in strings of coin and paper
Silver taels (, liǎng) in sycees and by weight
Preceded by Succeeded by
Yuan dynasty
Later Jin
Shun dynasty
Southern Ming
Macau
Today part ofChina
Russia
Vietnam
1. Prior to proclaiming himself emperor, Zhu Yuanzhang declared himself King of Wu in Nanjing in 1364. The regime is known in historiography as the "Western Wu" (西吳).
2. Remnants of the Ming imperial family ruled southern China until 1662 as the Southern Ming. The Ming loyalist state Kingdom of Tungning on Taiwan lasted until 1683, but it was not ruled by the Zhu clan and thus usually not considered part of the Southern Ming.
Ming Dynasty
Ming dynasty (Chinese characters).svg
"Ming dynasty" in Chinese characters
Chinese明朝
Great Ming
Chinese大明
Empire of the Great Ming
Traditional Chinese大明帝國
Simplified Chinese大明帝国
History of China
History of China
ANCIENT
Neolithic c. 8500 – c. 2070 BCE
Xia c. 2070 – c. 1600 BCE
Shang c. 1600 – c. 1046 BCE
Zhou c. 1046 – 256 BCE
 Western Zhou
 Eastern Zhou
   Spring and Autumn
   Warring States
IMPERIAL
Qin 221–207 BCE
Han 202 BCE – 220 CE
  Western Han
  Xin
  Eastern Han
Three Kingdoms 220–280
  Wei, Shu and Wu
Jin 266–420
  Western Jin
  Eastern Jin Sixteen Kingdoms
Northern and Southern dynasties
420–589
Sui 581–618
Tang 618–907
  (Wu Zhou 690–705)
Five Dynasties and
Ten Kingdoms

907–979
Liao 916–1125
Song 960–1279
  Northern Song Western Xia
  Southern Song Jin Western Liao
Yuan 1271–1368
Ming 1368–1644
Qing 1636–1912
MODERN
Republic of China on mainland 1912–1949
People's Republic of China 1949–present
Republic of China on Taiwan 1949–present
History
Government
Military
Frontiers
Compilations and Documents
Palaces and Mausoleums
Society and Culture
Currency
Other topics

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