Ministry of Human Resource Development

  (Redirected from Ministry of Human Resource Development)
Ministry of Education
Emblem of India.svg
Ministry overview
Formed15 August 1947; 73 years ago (1947-08-15)
JurisdictionIndia Republic of India
HeadquartersShastri Bhawan,
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road,
New Delhi
Annual budget93,224 crore (US$13 billion) (2021–22)
Minister responsible
Deputy Minister responsible
Ministry executives
  • R. Subrahmanyam, IAS
  • Rina Ray, IAS
Child agencies

The Ministry of Education (MoE), formerly the Ministry of Human Resource Development (1985–2020), is a Ministry of Government of India responsible for the implementation of the National Policy on Education.[1] The Ministry is further divided into two departments: the Department of School Education and Literacy, which deals with primary, secondary and higher secondary education, adult education and literacy, and the Department of Higher Education, which deals with university level education, technical education, scholarships, etc.

The current education minister is Ramesh Pokhriyal, a member of the Council of Ministers.[2] India had the Ministry of Education since 1947. In 1985, Rajiv Gandhi government changed its name to Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and with the public announcement of newly drafted "National Education Policy 2020" by the Narendra Modi government, Ministry of Human Resource Development was renamed back to Ministry of Education.[3]


The new National Education Policy 2020 was passed on 29 July 2020 by the Union Council of Ministers. The NEP 2020 replaced the existing National Policy on Education, 1986.[4] Under the NEP 2020, the name of the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) was changed to Ministry of Education (MoE). Numerous new educational institutes, bodies and concepts were legislated under NEP 2020.[5]

Department of School Education and Literacy

The Department of School Education and Literacy is responsible for the development of school education and literacy in the country. It works on the "universalization of education" and for the cultivation of higher standards for citizenship among the youth of India.

Department of Higher Education

The Department of Higher Education is in charge of secondary and post-secondary education. The department is empowered to grant deemed university status to educational institutions on the advice of the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India, under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission (UGC) Act, 1956.[6][7][8] The Department of Higher Education takes care of one of the largest higher education systems of the world, just after the United States and China. The department is engaged in bringing world-class opportunities of higher education and research to the country so that Indian students are not found lacking when facing an international platform. For this, the government has launched joint ventures and signed MoUs to help the Indian students benefit from world opinion. The technical education system in the country can be broadly classified into three categories – Central Government funded institutions, State Government/State-funded institutions & Self-financed institutions. The 122 Centrally funded institution of technical and science education are as under: List of CFTIs (Centrally Funded Technical Institutions): IIITs (5 – Allahabad, Gwalior, Jabalpur,Kurnool, Kancheepuram), IITs (23), IIMs (20), IISc Bangalore, IISERs (7 - Berhampur, Bhopal, Kolkata, Mohali, Pune, Thiruvanthapuram, Tirupati), NITs (31), NITTTRs (4), and 9 others (SPA, ISMU, NERIST, SLIET, IIEST, NITIE & NIFFT, CIT)[9]

Organisational structure

The department is divided into eight bureaus, and most of the work of the department is handled through over 100 autonomous organisations under these bureaus.[10]



The main objectives of the Ministry are:

  • Formulating the National Policy on Education and to ensure that it is implemented in letter and spirit
  • Planned development, including expanding access and improving quality of the educational institutions throughout the country, including in regions where people do not have easy access to education.
  • Paying special attention to disadvantaged groups like the poor, females and the minorities
  • Provide financial help in the form of scholarships, loan subsidy, etc. to deserving students from deprived sections of the society.
  • Encouraging international cooperation in the field of education, including working closely with the UNESCO and foreign governments as well as Universities, to enhance the educational opportunities in the country.

MHRD's Innovation Cell (MIC)

MHRD’s Innovation Cell, now renamed as MoE's Innovation Cell, was established in Aug 2018[17] by Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) at All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) to systematically foster the culture of innovation, entrepreneurship and startups in all major Higher Education Institutions in India.[18] Dr. Abhay Jere was appointed as first Chief Innovation Officer.[19][20]

Major initiatives of MIC

  1. Smart India Hackathon (SIH)[21]
  2. Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARIIA)[22]
  3. Institution’s Innovation Council (IICs)[23]
  4. National Innovation and Start-up Policy for Students and Faculties in HEIs (NISP)
  5. Innovation Ambassadors Program[24]
  6. MBA/PGDM program in Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Venture Development (IEV)

National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF)

In April 2016, Ministry of Human Resource Development published the first list of rankings of Indian colleges under National Institutional Ranking Framework.[25][26][27] The entire ranking exercise involved NBA, All India Council for Technical Education, UGC, Thomson Reuters, Elsevier and INFLIBNET (Information & Library Network) centre.[28][29] The ranking framework was launched in September 2015.[30] All 122 centrally-funded institutions – including all central universities, IITs and IIMs – participated in the first round of ranking.[31][32]

List of Ministers

No. Name Portrait Term of office Party Prime Minister
Minister of Education
1 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.jpg 15 August 1947 22 January 1958 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
2 K. L. Shrimali[a] 22 January 1958 31 August 1963
3 Humayun Kabir 1 September 1963 21 November 1963
4 M. C. Chagla Mohamed Ali Currim Chagla.jpg 21 November 1963 13 November 1966 Jawaharlal Nehru
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Indira Gandhi
5 Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed 1977 stamp of India.jpg 14 November 1966 13 March 1967 Indira Gandhi
6 Triguna Sen Triguna Sen 2010 stamp of India.jpg 16 March 1967 14 February 1969
7 V. K. R. V. Rao 14 February 1969 18 March 1971
8 Siddhartha Shankar Ray 18 March 1971 20 March 1972
9 S. Nurul Hasan[b] Saiyid Nurul Hasan 16 (cropped).jpg 24 March 1972 24 March 1977
10 Pratap Chandra Chunder 26 March 1977 28 July 1979 Janata Party Morarji Desai
11 Karan Singh Dr-Karan-Singh-sept2009 (cropped).jpg 30 July 1979 14 January 1980 Indian National Congress (Urs) Charan Singh
12 B. Shankaranand 14 January 1980 17 October 1980 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
13 Shankarrao Chavan Shankarrao Chavan 2007 stamp of India.jpg 17 October 1980 8 August 1981
14 Sheila Kaul[c] 10 August 1981 31 December 1984 Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
15 K. C. Pant 31 December 1984 25 September 1985 Rajiv Gandhi
Minister of Human Resource Development
16 P. V. Narasimha Rao Pumapaparti.N.rao.jpg 25 September 1985 25 June 1988 Indian National Congress Rajiv Gandhi
17 P. Shiv Shankar 25 June 1988 2 December 1989
18 V. P. Singh V. P. Singh (cropped).jpg 2 December 1989 10 November 1990 Janata Dal
(National Front)
V. P. Singh
19 Rajmangal Pandey 21 November 1990 21 June 1991 Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) Chandra Shekhar
20 Arjun Singh Arjun Singh (cropped).jpg 23 June 1991 24 December 1994 Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao
(16) P. V. Narasimha Rao Pumapaparti.N.rao.jpg 25 December 1994 9 February 1995
21 Madhavrao Scindia Madhavrao Scindia 2005 stamp of India.jpg 10 February 1995 17 January 1996
(16) P. V. Narasimha Rao Pumapaparti.N.rao.jpg 17 January 1996 16 May 1996
22 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Ab vajpayee.jpg 16 May 1996 1 June 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee
23 S. R. Bommai Somappa Rayappa Bommai 132.jpg 5 June 1996 19 March 1998 Janata Dal
(United Front)
H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
24 Murli Manohar Joshi Murli Manohar Joshi MP.jpg 19 March 1998 21 May 2004 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
25 Arjun Singh Arjun Singh (cropped).jpg 22 May 2004 22 May 2009 Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
Manmohan Singh
26 Kapil Sibal Kapil Sibal (cropped).jpg 29 May 2009 29 October 2012
27 M. M. Pallam Raju Pallam Raju (cropped).jpg 30 October 2012 26 May 2014
28 Smriti Irani[33] Smriti Irani (cropped).jpg 26 May 2014 5 July 2016 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Narendra Modi
29 Prakash Javadekar[34] Prakash Javadekar.jpg 5 July 2016 31 May 2019
30 Ramesh Pokhriyal[35] Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank', 2020.jpg 30 May 2019 29 July 2020
Minister of Education[36]
30 Ramesh Pokhriyal Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank', 2020.jpg 29 July 2020 Incumbent Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Narendra Modi

Ministers of State

See also


  1. ^ Minister of State till 10 August 1962
  2. ^ Minister of State
  3. ^ Minister of State


  1. ^ "HRD Ministry Renamed as Ministry of Education as Modi Cabinet Reverses Change Made by Rajiv Gandhi". News18. 29 July 2020. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  2. ^ [1] MHRD Who's who
  3. ^ Yadav, Shyamlal. "How India's Education Ministry became 'HRD Ministry', and then returned to embrace Education". The Indian Express. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Cabinet Approves National Education Policy 2020, paving way for transformational reforms in school and higher education systems in the country". pib.gov.in. 29 July 2020. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Union Cabinet Approves New National Education Policy". NDTV. 29 July 2020. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  6. ^ "UGC Act-1956" (PDF). mhrd.gov.in/. Secretary, University Grants Commission. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  7. ^ "Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IISST) Thiruvanathapuram Declared as Deemed to be University". Ministry of Human Resource Development (India), Press Information Bureau. 14 July 2008.
  8. ^ "IIST gets deemed university status". The Hindu. 15 July 2008.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link).
  10. ^ ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE Archived 29 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine Department of Higher Education.
  11. ^ Technical Education Overview Archived 5 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine Dept of Ed.
  12. ^ National Level Councils Archived 1 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine Tech Ed.
  13. ^ Council of Architecture website. Coa.gov.in (1 September 1972). Retrieved on 14 April 2012.
  14. ^ "Technical Education – Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development".
  15. ^ "NITTTRs | Government of India, All India Council for Technical Education". www.aicte-india.org.
  16. ^ "National University of Educational Planning and Administration". Archived from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  17. ^ "Innovation cell at AICTE formed". Deccan Chronicle. 22 November 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  18. ^ "About MHRD'S Innovation Cell | MHRD". www.mic.gov.in. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Next generation should be problem solvers, says Abhay Jere, chief innovation officer". Hindustan Times. 2 August 2019. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  20. ^ "First Innovation Day Witnessed Huge Participation". NDTV.com. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  21. ^ "SIH". www.sih.gov.in. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  22. ^ "ARIIA | Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements". www.ariia.gov.in. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Institution's Innovation Council- An Initiative of Ministry of HRD". Institution's Innovation Council.
  25. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2016". MHRD. 2016. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  26. ^ "HRD Ministry announces universities ranking, JNU, HCU, IIT M, IIM B top the list". 5 April 2016.
  27. ^ Special Correspondent. "University ranking: At least four TN-run universities in the list". The Hindu.
  28. ^ "JNU, Hyderabad univ among top 10 varsities: Survey | India News". The Times of India.
  29. ^ Samarth Bansal. "Claims of institutions not cross-checked". The Hindu.
  30. ^ Writer, Staff (4 April 2016). "IISc ranked India's best university; IIM-B tops B-School list". Livemint.
  31. ^ "Is your institute one of India's best? Check out the best ranked universities in India!".
  32. ^ "IIMB ranked No 1 in the India Rankings 2016 in the Management Education category – Indian Institute of Management Bangalore".
  33. ^ "Cabinet ministers announcement". 27 May 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  34. ^ "Cabinet reshuffle July 2016". 6 July 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  35. ^ "Cabinet ministers announcement". 31 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  36. ^ "HRD Ministry Renamed as Ministry of Education as Modi Cabinet Reverses Change Made by Rajiv Gandhi". News18. 29 July 2020. Retrieved 29 July 2020.

External links

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