Model 1816 Musket

Model 1816 Musket
Springfield HF Model 1816 Flintloc transparent.png
A Springfield Model 1816 Musket
Place of originUnited States of America
Service history
In service1816–1865
Used byUnited States, Confederate States of America
WarsAmerican Indian Wars
Texas–Indian Wars
Arikara War
Winnebago War
Black Hawk War
Second Seminole War
Aroostook War
Mexican–American War
American Civil War
Production history
ManufacturerUnited States Armory and Arsenal at Springfield, United States Armory and Arsenal at Harper's Ferry
No. built675,000
Mass10 lb (4.5 kg)
Length58.0 in (1,470 mm)
Barrel length42.0 in (1,070 mm)

CartridgePaper cartridge, musket ball undersized (.65/16.510 mm) to reduce the effects of powder fouling
Caliber.69 (17.526 mm)
Rate of fireUser dependent; usually 2 to 3 rounds every 1 minute
Muzzle velocity1,000 ft/s (300 m/s) to 1,200 ft/s (370 m/s)
Effective firing range100 to 200 yards, in reality 50 to 75 yards
Maximum firing range300 yd (275 m)[1]
Feed systemMuzzle-loaded
SightsA front sight cast into the upper barrel band, rear sight (percussion/rifled conversion)

The Springfield Model 1816 Musket is a .69 caliber flintlock musket used in the United States during the early 19th century.


The War of 1812 had revealed many weaknesses in American muskets. The Model 1812 Musket was created in an attempt to improve both the design and manufacture of the musket. The Model 1816 made further improvements, and replaced the Model 1812. The Model 1812 had borrowed heavily from the design of the French Charleville model 1777 musket, and this design was retained for the Model 1816. The Model 1816 had a 42-inch (107 cm) long .69 caliber smoothbore barrel, similar to the Model 1812, but had a longer lock plate, a shorter trigger guard, and a longer bayonet than the Model 1812. The Model 1816 also had a more straight lined stock. The overall length of the weapon was 58 inches (147 cm).[2]

The Model 1816 musket was originally manufactured at the Harpers Ferry and Springfield Arsenals between 1816 and 1844. Around 675,000 were made, more than any other flintlock in U.S. history.[3]

The Model 1816 was originally manufactured as a flintlock musket. Like many flintlock muskets, many of these were later converted to percussion cap, as the percussion cap system was much more reliable and weather resistant. Some also had their barrels rifled as well.

This model of Springfield musket was used by Texans during the Texas Revolution and by the U.S. Army and militia during the Mexican–American War. During this conflict, the flintlock version of the Model 1816 was preferred by U.S. regular forces, due to percussion cap supply concerns.[4]

It was also used during the early years of the American Civil War until around 1862. The large majority of Model 1816 muskets had been converted to percussion firing by 1860. Muskets made prior to 1821 were considered too outdated to be serviceable weapons and were not converted. Most of them were in Southern arsenals and a large number of Confederate soldiers for the first year of the Civil War had the misfortune of carrying flintlock muskets, some of which dated back to the War of 1812.

Many improvements to the Model 1816 were made, producing the Model 1822 Musket, Model 1835, Model 1840, and Model 1842. U.S. Ordnance Department referred to these as different models, but in other U.S. government documents they are referred to as a continuation of the Model 1816.[5] Modern histories are similarly inconsistent in the nomenclature of these weapons.

See also


  1. ^ https://allthingsliberty.com/2013/08/how-far-is-musket-shot-farther-than-you-think/
  2. ^ "Guns on the Early Frontiers" by Carl P. Russell, Published by U of Nebraska Press, 1980
  3. ^ http://www.nps.gov/spar/historyculture/sa-firearms-questions.htm Springfield Armory Weapons Research
  4. ^ A Brief History of the 1816 Springfield Musket
  5. ^ Guns on the Early Frontiers by Carl P. Russell, Published by U of Nebraska Press, 1980

This page was last updated at 2021-05-18 02:55, update this pageView original page

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