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Mongolian Ground Force Redirected from Mongolian General Purpose Force

Mongolian Ground Force
Монгол Улсын Зэвсэгт хүчний Хуурай замын цэрэг
Founded1921 (1921)
Country Mongolia
TypeArmy
Size30,000 active personnel
Part of Mongolian Armed Forces
March"The Red Banner March" (Тугийн марш/Tugiin Marsh)
EngagementsMongolian Revolution of 1921
Soviet-Japanese Border War
Soviet invasion of Manchuria
Battle of Baitag Bogd
Commanders
CommanderBrigadier General B. Amgalanbaatar
Chief of StaffBrigadier General L.Ontsgoibayar[1]
Insignia
Flag
Flag of the Mongolian Ground Force.svg

The Ground Force of Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол Улсын Зэвсэгт хүчний Хуурай замын цэрэг, Mongol Ulsyn Zevsegt hüchniy Huurai zamyn tsereg, lit.'Mongolian Land Force of the Armed Forces') is the land force of the Mongolian Armed Forces, formed from parts of the former Mongolian People's Army in 1992. It was known as the "Mongolian General Purpose Force" (Mongolian: Монгол Улсын Ерөнхий Цэргийн Хүчин) until 2016.

History

At present Mongolia's armed forces have become more compact and professional since obligatory military service was replaced with the alternative between military and other service. The ground force, a core of the armed forces, are the main force to defend the country by military means. In peacetime, the ground force direct their activities toward ensuring the mobilization readiness of the Mongolian Armed Forces, providing military training for the population, forming personnel resources, and organizing the maintenance, protection and servicing of military equipment and material reserves. Depending on the organizational specifics of military units and organizations, the ground force are divided into combat, on-combat-duty, training, training combat, and stockpile and service units.

As a result of reform processes started in 1997, units of the Mongolian Armed Forces were reorganized into a brigade-battalion system. In peacetime, sub-units of brigades have a mixed personnel organization (i.e. of constant combat readiness, training, and under strength). In 2016, the General Purpose Force was renamed to its current name of Ground Force of the Armed Forces. In 1997 the Mongolian Armed Forces had in service 650 tanks, 120 light armored reconnaissance vehicles, 400 armored infantry fighting vehicles, 300 armored personnel carriers, 300 towed artillery, 130 multiple rocket launchers, 140 mortars, and 200 anti-tank guns. Mongolia deployed its troops to peacekeeping operations in Iraq and Afghanistan with 1970s Soviet-bloc weapons, transportation, and equipment. Although Mongolian troops are highly skilled with using these weapons and equipment, they are not interoperable with the rest of the coalition members. Except for the United States-provided Harris Corporation communications equipment, Mongolia had no other equipment which was interoperable. From January 14 to 18 in 2008, Chief of the General Staff of the MAF Lieutenant General Tsevegsuren Togoo signed an agreement for acquisition of equipment and vehicles from Russia for 120 million US dollars during his official visit to Moscow, Russia.

Structure

Peacekeeping missions

Afghan National Army artillerymen are advised by soldiers of the Mongolian Ground Forces during a training exercise in May 2010 at the Kabul Military Training Center.

Mongolian armed forces are performing peacekeeping missions in South Sudan, Sierra Leone, Ethiopia, Congo, Eritrea, Western Sahara, and Afghanistan, and with the United Nations Mission in Liberia. In 2005 and 2006, Mongolian troops also served as part of the Belgian KFOR contingent in Kosovo. From 2009 the Mongolian Armed Forces deploying its largest peace keeping mission to Chad and the government is planning to deploy its first fully self-sufficient UN mission there in mid-2011.

Equipment

The Ground Force possesses over 470 tanks, 650 infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel carriers, 500 mobile anti-aircraft weapons, more than 700 artillery and mortar and other military equipment. Most of them are old Soviet Union-made models designed between the late 1950s to early 1980s; there are a smaller number of newer models designed in post-Soviet Russia.

Name Origin Type Quantity Notes
Tanks
T-54/55  Soviet Union Main battle tank 370[8]
T-72[citation needed]  Soviet Union 100[9]
Infantry fighting vehicles
BMP-1  Soviet Union Infantry fighting vehicle 310[8]
BMP-2  Russia Infantry fighting vehicle 100
Armored cars
BRDM-2  Soviet Union Amphibious armored scout car 120[8]
Armored personnel carriers
BTR-60  Soviet Union Armored personnel carrier 150[8][9] Most of them are BTR-60PBs.
BTR-70[citation needed] 50[10]
BTR-80[11]  Russia 20[9]
Multiple rocket launchers
BM-21 Grad  Soviet Union 122 mm multiple rocket launcher 130[8]
Towed artillery
D-30
D-44
M-30
M-46
ML-20
 Soviet Union 122 mm howitzer
85 mm divisional gun
122 mm howitzer
130 mm towed field gun
152 mm howitzer gun
300[8]
Mortars
BM-37
PM-43
M-160
 Soviet Union 82 mm caliber mortar
120 mm caliber smoothbore mortar
160 mm divisional mortar
140[8]
Anti-tank gun
SPG-9
D-48
BS-3
T-12
 Soviet Union 73 mm anti-tank gun
85 mm anti-tank gun
100 mm field gun
100 mm anti-tank gun
200[8]

Infantry weapons

Name Image Origin Cartridge Notes
Semi-automatic pistols
TT TT 1.jpg  Soviet Union 7.62×25mm Tokarev In storage[12]
PM Пистолет Макарова.png  Soviet Union 9×18mm Makarov Standard issue pistol[12]
PSM PSM Pistol.JPG  Soviet Union 5.45×18mm Special military use[12]
Submachine guns
PP-93 ПП-93 - Интерполитех-2009 01.jpg  Russia 9×18mm Makarov Used by special forces[13][14]
Assault rifles
AK-47 AK-47 type II Part DM-ST-89-01131.jpg  Soviet Union 7.62×39mm In storage[15]
AKM AKM automatkarbin, Ryssland - 7,62x39mm - Armémuseum.jpg  Soviet Union 7.62×39mm Standard issue rifle[12]
AKMS AKMS - 7,62x39mm - Armémuseum.jpg  Soviet Union 7.62×39mm Used by armored crews and support troops[12]
Type 56-1 Chinese Type 56-1 Assault Rifle both sides noBG.png  China 7.62×39mm Used in peacekeeping missions
AK-74 Ak74l.jpg  Soviet Union 5.45×39mm Used by special forces[12]
AKS-74U Aks74u.jpg  Soviet Union 5.45×39mm Used by special forces[12]
9A-91 9A-91.jpg  Russia 9×39mm Used by special forces[12]
IMI Galil IMI-Galil.jpg  Israel 5.56×45mm NATO Used by special forces[12]
IWI Tavor IWI-Tavor-TAR-21w1.jpg  Israel 5.56×45mm NATO Used by special forces[citation needed]
HK G36 Gewehr G36 noBG.jpg  Germany 5.56×45mm NATO Used by special forces[citation needed]
M4 carbine M4A1 ACOG.jpg  United States 5.56×45mm NATO Used by special forces[12]
Machine guns
RPD LMG-RPD-44.jpg  Soviet Union 7.62×39mm [12]
RPK RPK Machine Gun 7.62 x 39.jpg  Soviet Union 7.62×39mm [12]
SG-43 SGM DD-ST-85-01258.jpg  Soviet Union 7.62×54mmR [12]
PKM  Soviet Union 7.62×54mmR [12]
DShK Mitraliera DShK UM Cugir.jpg  Soviet Union 12.7×108mm [12]
NSV NSVT (2).JPG  Soviet Union 12.7×108mm [12]
Semi-automatic rifles
SKS Simonov-SKS-45.JPG  Soviet Union 7.62×39mm Used by honor guards[16]
Designated marksman rifles
SVD Sniper rifle SWD.jpg  Soviet Union 7.62×54mm [17]
VSK-94 ВСК-94 - МВСВ-2008 01.jpg  Russia 9×39mm Used by special forces[18]
IMI Gala'tz Fort-301 InterpolitexPart539.jpg  Israel 7.62×51mm NATO Used by special forces[18]
Grenade launchers
RG-6 RG-6 Interpolitex-2011.jpg  Russia 40 mm caseless grenade Used by special forces[18]
GM-94 Grenade-launcher-GM-94.jpg 43×30mm Used by special forces[18]
Rocket-propelled grenades
RPG-7 RPG-7 detached.jpg  Soviet Union [12]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ https://www.gsmaf.gov.mn/hztsk/commander
  2. ^ "Зэвсэгт хүчний 013 дугаар ангийг Цэргийн гавьяаны улаан тугийн одонгоор шагналаа". Монгол Улсын Ерөнхийлөгчийн Тамгын Газар. 2019-10-14. Retrieved 2021-01-01.
  3. ^ "The Mongolian army was T-72 tanks and BTR-70M". Encyclopedia of safety. Retrieved June 20, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Ambassador Jennifer Zimdahl Galt's Remarks at Balance Magic Closing Ceremony". U.S. Embassy in Mongolia. 2017-10-02. Retrieved 2020-12-31.
  5. ^ "India commences joint military exercise 'Nomadic Elephant' with Mongolia | Headlines". Devdiscourse. Retrieved 2020-12-31.
  6. ^ a b "ЗЭВСЭГТ ХҮЧНИЙ 186, 110-Р АНГИД ХУГАЦААТ ЦЭРГИЙН АЛБА ХААЖ БУЙ ДАЙЧИД ТАНГАРАГ ӨРГӨЛӨӨ". www.erdenet.mn. Retrieved 2021-01-01.
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h The Military Balance 2012, p.267.
  9. ^ a b c "SIPRI Arms Transfers Database". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved June 20, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "Trade Registers". armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  11. ^ "БХ-ын сайд тайлангаа тавив". News.mn (in Mongolian). May 3, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Jones, Richard D., ed. (January 27, 2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010 (35th ed.). Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
  13. ^ "084.jpg". ImageShack.us. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  14. ^ Тусгай Хүчин (December 28, 2013). "Mongolian 084th Special Task Battalion". Retrieved June 20, 2016 – via YouTube.
  15. ^ name="jones2009">Jones, Richard D., ed. (January 27, 2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010 (35th ed.). Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
  16. ^ "Untitled JPEG". U.S Department of Defense. January 2004. Archived from the original on October 11, 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  17. ^ "SVD rifles in use in Europe". Dragunov.net. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  18. ^ a b c d "Untitled JPEG". ImageShack.us. Archived from the original on July 2, 2014. Retrieved June 20, 2016.

External links


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