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Moroccan diaspora

Moroccans
المغاربة
ⵎⵓⵔⴰⴽⵓⵛ
Moroccan people in the world.svg
Map of the Moroccan diaspora in the world
Total population
c. 4-5.5 millions[citation needed]
Regions with significant populations
 France1,500,000
 Israel1,000,000[1]
 Spain792,158[2]
 Italy420,650[3]
 Belgium430,000[4]
 Netherlands391,088[5]
 Germany150,000[6]
 United States300,544[7]
 Canada100,000[8]
 United Arab Emirates250,000[9]
 United Kingdom50,000[10]
 Algeria63.000[11]
 Saudi Arabia80,000[12]
 Libya70,000[13]
 Egypt20,000
 Qatar15,000[14]
 Denmark11,273[15]
 Tunisia10,500
  Switzerland10,270[11]
 Ukraine10,000[11]
 Sweden9,945[16]
 Australia9,200[11]
 Norway9,111[17]
 Portugal4,000[18]
 Oman4,000[11]
 Brazil3,500
 Finland3,465[19]
 Russia3,400
 Syria3,056
 South Africa2,100
 Ivory Coast1,800
 Mauritania1,056
 Romania986
Languages
Arabic (Moroccan Arabic, Jebli Arabic, Judeo-Moroccan Arabic, Hassaniya Arabic), Berber (Tashlhit, Tarifit, Central Atlas Tamazight, Judeo-Berber, Standard Moroccan Berber), Haketia, French, Spanish, Hebrew
Religion
Predominantly Islam (Sunni, Nondenominational Islam,[20] Sufi) Minority: Judaism, Christianity[21][22]
Related ethnic groups
Other Maghrebis

The Moroccan diaspora consists of emigrants from Morocco and their descendants. Of the estimated 5 to 6 million Moroccans living abroad,[citation needed] the overwhelming majority live in Europe; the remainder are distributed throughout the Americas (including North America and Latin America), Australia, Africa (in particular West Africa), and the countries of the Arab World. They are the next largest foreign community in Europe after the Turks.

History

Europe has long been a destination for Moroccan migration, with Moroccans arriving in some countries at least as early as the twentieth century. The largest concentration of Moroccans outside Morocco is in France, which has reportedly over 1.9 million Moroccans (up to 4 million), as well as the Netherlands and Belgium (about 0.7 million Moroccans). In the Netherlands, Moroccans are the third largest group of non-Western immigrants after people from the former Dutch colonies of Suriname and Indonesia and the Turks. In Belgium, Moroccans now form even the largest group of non-Western immigrants.[23] At about 4% of Belgium's population, the Moroccan population in Belgium is the highest percentage-wise in Europe.[24]

There are also large Moroccan communities in Spain (about 767,784 Moroccans), Italy, Sweden and Switzerland. Many Moroccans have also settled for quite a long time in the United States, Canada, Brazil and other Arab countries, most notably Libya. Some other Moroccans have immigrated to other parts of Africa where they have prospered financially.

The majority of the Moroccan diaspora are Muslims, with a sizable minority of Jews and Christians. The vast majority of Moroccan Jews are now Moroccan Jews living in Israel.

The Moroccan diaspora is historically composed of guest workers. Because of economic opportunities, many Moroccans have worked in the Arab World, most notably in Arab states of the Persian Gulf like Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait among others.

See also

References

  1. ^ {{cite web|https://www.cbs.gov.il/he/pages/default.aspx%7Ctitle= Statistical Abstract of Israel 2009 - No. 60 Subject 2 - Table NO.24
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "90 secondes pour comprendre pourquoi beaucoup de Marocains sont venus s'installer en Belgique dès 1964". Rtl.be. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Statistical Abstract of Israel 2009 - No. 60 Subject 2 - Table NO.24". Israeli government. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
  5. ^ "CBS StatLine - Bevolking; generatie, geslacht, leeftijd en herkomstgroepering, 1 januari". statline.cbs.nl. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  6. ^ "L'Allemagne veut attirer 40.000 Marocains par an". Bladi.net. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  7. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on 16 February 2020. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  8. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables – Ethnic Origin (264), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3), Generation Status (4), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ [1][dead link]
  11. ^ a b c d e "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Chômage en Arabie Saoudite : Les MRE irréguliers sous menace d'expulsion". Yabiladi.com. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  13. ^ "Libye: Des milliers de Marocains sur une poudrière en Libye" [Libya: Thousands of Moroccans on a powder keg in Libya] (in French). Fratmat.info. 24 July 2015. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  14. ^ Snoj, Jure (7 December 2014). "Population of Qatar by nationality". bq magazine. Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  15. ^ "POPULATION AT THE FIRST DAY OF THE QUARTER BY REGION, SEX, AGE (5 YEARS AGE GROUPS), ANCESTRY AND COUNTRY OF ORIGIN". Statistics Denmark.
  16. ^ "Foreign-born persons by country of birth, age, sex and year". Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  17. ^ "Innvandrere og norskfødte med innvandrerforeldre". Statistics Norway (in Norwegian).
  18. ^ https://www.ccme.org.ma/ar/actualites-ar/44493
  19. ^ http://pxnet2.stat.fi/PXWeb/pxweb/fi/StatFin/StatFin__vrm__vaerak/statfin_vaerak_pxt_11rv.px/table/tableViewLayout1/?rxid=726cd24d-d0f1-416a-8eec-7ce9b82fd5a4
  20. ^ "Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation". The World's Muslims: Unity and Diversity. Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 9 August 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  21. ^ Morocco: General situation of Muslims who converted to Christianity, and specifically those who converted to Catholicism; their treatment by Islamists and the authorities, including state protection (2008–2011). Refworld.org. Retrieved on 12 June 2016.
  22. ^ Erwin Fahlbusch (2003). The Encyclopedia of Christianity. 3. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 653–. ISBN 978-0-8028-2415-8.
  23. ^ "'Voor het eerst meer Marokkaanse dan Italiaanse migranten'". Het Belang Van Limburg. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  24. ^ (in French) [2], Centre de recherche en démographie et sociétés de l'Université catholique de Louvain. Dernière consultation le 11 octobre 2015.

External links




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