Nakhon Ratchasima shooting

2020 Nakhon Ratchasima shooting
Locations of Surathamphithak Military Camp (south) and Terminal 21 Korat (north), in Nakhon Ratchasima Province
LocationNakhon Ratchasima Province, Thailand
Date15:30, 8 February 2020 (2020-02-08T15:30)  –
09:13, 9 February 2020 (2020-02-09T09:13)  (ICT; UTC+07:00)
Attack type
Hostage crisis, mass murder
WeaponsTwo Type 11 assault rifles, M60 machine gun
Deaths30 (including the perpetrator)[1]
Injured58[1]
PerpetratorJakrapanth Thomma
MotiveBusiness conflict between suspect and his commander[2]

A mass shooting occurred in Nakhon Ratchasima Province in Thailand between 8 and 9 February 2020. A soldier of the Royal Thai Army shot dead 29 people and wounded 58 others near and in the city, which is also colloquially known as Korat. He was eventually shot dead by security forces.[3]

The attack began when the perpetrator shot and killed his commanding officer and two others at Surathamphithak Military Camp (ค่ายสุรธรรมพิทักษ์), the base where he was stationed. The suspect then stole weapons and a military Humvee and drove to the Terminal 21 Korat shopping mall, which had a large number of shoppers due to the public holiday Magha Puja, where he opened fire on shoppers. On the way to the shopping mall, he also fired at several people on the road and at Wat Pa Sattha Ruam, a Buddhist temple.[4] During the attack, the suspect posted updates and shared a live stream on his Facebook account.[3] It is the deadliest mass shooting in Thailand's history.[5]

Shootings

House and Surathamphithak military camp

The shooting began at about 15:30 local time on 8 February 2020 at a house, where the attacker arrived to discuss a property dispute with his commander, Colonel Anantharot Krasae. He confronted him, stole his weapon and shot him dead. He then shot and killed the commander's mother-in-law. Afterwards, Jakrapanth went to the Surathamphitak army base where he worked and raided the camp, stealing from a guard post and the camp armories two Type 11 assault rifles (a variant of the HK33), an M60 machine gun and 776 rounds of ammunition,[6] killing a soldier in the process. He then stole a Humvee and wounded the driver. Jakrapanth escaped and opened fire on two police officers and two civilians, wounding them. The officers sustained multiple gunshot wounds in their legs and backs.[7]

Buddhist temple and Terminal 21 Korat Shopping Mall

After the escape, Jakrapanth started shooting in the street: he stopped outside Wat Pa Sattha Ruam, a Buddhist temple and killed eight civilians and a police officer. He then arrived at the Terminal 21 Korat shopping mall in the city of Nakhon Ratchasima, where he left the vehicle and began shooting indiscriminately at people outside the mall, before detonating a cooking gas cylinder, killing 12 civilians. He then entered the mall, killing two people and took sixteen hostages inside the mall on the fourth floor. Jakrapanth live-streamed on Facebook Live during the siege and shared photos and memes on his profile page, although his account was eventually taken down by Facebook.[7][3][8]

Police officers and soldiers stormed the mall and demanded Jakrapanth's surrender, to which he responded by opening fire on them, killing two policemen and a soldier and wounding at least three others. Jakrapanth remained inside for several hours, during which his mother was brought by authorities to try to convince him to surrender.[9]

On 9 February, at 09:13 local time, police announced that they had shot and killed Jakrapanth.[10]

Perpetrator

Sergeant Major 1st Class Jakrapanth Thomma (จักรพันธ์ ถมมา, RTGSChakkraphan Thomma; 4April 1988 – 9February 2020), age 31, was born in Chaiyaphum Province. Prior to the incident, he had been stationed at the Surathamphithak Military Base, where the first shooting took place. He previously received training as a non-commissioned officer and was an expert marksman.[11]

Aftermath

Social media usage

The suspect posted on social media during his attack, asking on Facebook if he should surrender. He had previously posted a picture of a pistol and bullets, captioned "it is time to get excited" and "nobody can avoid death". Facebook took the page down and has stated: "Our hearts go out to the victims, their families and the community affected by this tragedy in Thailand. There is no place on Facebook for people who commit this kind of atrocity, nor do we allow people to praise or support this attack."[12]

Criticism of media coverage

The events of the shooting were initially covered as live broadcasts near the scene by Thai broadcasters, which received public and governmental criticism for possibly providing the gunman with information about the movements of authorities intervening at the scene. Thailand's broadcast regulator, the NBTC, have called a meeting with representatives of television stations for discussion of their live broadcasts of the siege. NBTC secretary-general Takorn Tanthasit stated he ordered all TV stations to stop live broadcasting the situation and any other information that could have impeded the actions of authorities from intervening, and had issued warnings that were ignored by some stations, which he implied will lead to disciplinary action.[13][14] The hashtag #แบนช่องone ("Ban Channel One") trended on Twitter in Thailand in response to the channel's live coverage.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "สูญเสีย! ผู้เสียชีวิตจากเหตุกราดยิงโคราชเพิ่มเป็น 30 คน" [Loss! Death toll of Korat shooting rampage rises to 30]. Thai PBS (in Thai). 9 February 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Korat carnage death toll 27; suspect had conflict with his commander: PM". Nation Thailand. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "Thailand shooting: Soldier who killed 26 in Korat shot dead". BBC News. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  4. ^ "Thai commandos kill rogue soldier who shot dead 26 people". Al Jazeera. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  5. ^ Lalit, Sakchai; Vejpongsa, Tassanee (9 February 2020). "Thai army sergeant who killed at least 26 shot dead in mall, officials say". USA Today. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  6. ^ "ทบ. แจง คนร้ายกราดยิงโคราช ขโมยอาวุธปืน HK11 - M60 และกระสุน 776 นัด". Krungthep Turakij (in Thai). 9 February 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  7. ^ a b "One gunman, four locations, 29 dead: how the mass shooting in Thailand unfolded". 9 February 2020 – via www.reuters.com.
  8. ^ "Mass shooter killed at Korat mall, 27 dead". Bangkok Post. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  9. ^ Sumon, Nat; van Hagen, Isobel (8 February 2020). "Thai soldier dead after killing at least 29 in shooting rampage". NBC News. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  10. ^ "ด่วน! วิสามัญฆาตกรรมมือกราดยิงโคราช เสียชีวิต 20 คน" [Breaking! Korat gunman shot dead, 20 killed]. Thai PBS (in Thai). 9 February 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  11. ^ "เปิดประวัติเหี้ยม!! "จ.ส.อ.จักรพันธ์" ปูมหลังคลั่งกราดยิง พื้นเพคนชัยภูมิ เรียนนายสิบ แม่นปืน!!" [Background of ruthless mass shooter "Sgt. Maj. Jakrapanth" revealed!! Chaiyaphum native, received army training, sharpshooter!!]. Khaosod (in Thai). 8 February 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  12. ^ "Thailand shooting: Soldier kills 21 in gun rampage". BBC News. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  13. ^ Chia, Jasmine (9 February 2020). "How social and mainstream media failed us during the Korat mass shooting » Thai Enquirer". Thai Enquirer. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  14. ^ "Thailand's broadcast regulator to meet with TV stations over siege coverage". www.thaipbsworld.com. Thai PBS World. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  15. ^ "โซเชียลวิจารณ์ 'สื่อ' กรณีกราดยิงโคราช ผุด Hashtag #แบนช่องone ขึ้นเทรนด์ Twitter". Techsauce (in Thai). Retrieved 9 February 2020.

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