Near-native speaker

In linguistics, the term near-native speakers is used for people who are "highly proficient speakers who are distinguishable from native speakers, but only in small ways."[1] Analysis of native and near-native speakers indicates that they differ in their underlying grammar and intuition, meaning that they do not interpret grammatical contrasts the same way. However, this divergence typically does not impact a near-native speaker's regular usage of the language.[2]



  1. ^ a b Gass, Susan; Glew, Margo (2008). "Second Language Acquisition and Bilingualism". In Altarriba, Jeanette; Heredia, Roberto R. (eds.). An Introduction to Bilingualism: Principles and Processes. Taylor & Francis. pp. 267–268. ISBN 9780805851342.
  2. ^ Coppieters, René (1987-01-01). "Competence Differences between Native and Near-Native Speakers". Language. 63 (3): 544–573. doi:10.2307/415005. JSTOR 415005.


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