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Oise (river)

Oise
Bateaux sur l'Oise by Daubigny Louvre RF1369 n1.jpg
Boats on the Oise, Charles-François Daubigny, 1865.
MapOise.jpg
Location
CountryFrance, Belgium
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationHainaut
 ⁃ elevation309 m (1,014 ft)
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Seine
 ⁃ coordinates
48°59′12″N 2°4′17″E / 48.98667°N 2.07139°E / 48.98667; 2.07139 (Seine-Oise)Coordinates: 48°59′12″N 2°4′17″E / 48.98667°N 2.07139°E / 48.98667; 2.07139 (Seine-Oise)
Length341 km (212 mi)
Basin size17,000 km2 (6,600 sq mi)
Discharge 
 ⁃ average110 m3/s (3,900 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionSeineEnglish Channel

The Oise (/wɑːz/ WAHZ, French: [waz] (About this soundlisten)) is a river of Belgium and France, flowing for 341 kilometres (212 mi)[1] from its source in the Belgian province of Hainaut, south of Chimay. It crosses the border with France after about 20 kilometres (12 mi). It flows into the Seine at Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, a north-western suburb of Paris. Its main tributary is the Aisne. It gave its name to the French departments of Oise and Val-d'Oise.

Places along the river

In France, the Oise flows through the following départements and towns:

Navigation

Over the past few centuries, the Oise has played an important role as an inland shipping waterway connecting the Seine (and thus Paris) with the coastal regions of northern France, Belgium, and the Netherlands. With the projected construction of the Seine-Nord Europe Canal, a high-capacity water transport system currently in development, the Oise will be linked at Janville, north of Compiègne, with the high-capacity Canal Dunkerque-Escaut, east of Arleux. The Seine-Nord Europe Canal will replace the old Canal de Saint-Quentin and the current Canal du Nord, the capacity of which is far below standard. When the new Seine-Nord connection is complete, it will allow large vessels to transport goods from the Seine, and thus Paris and its surrounding area, to the ports of Dunkirk, Antwerp and Rotterdam.

Part of the overall project consists in upgrading the river Oise itself between Creil and Compiègne, a project called MAGEO (Mise au gabarit européen de l'Oise) that was put out to public consultation in 2013. Some bends need to be eased and bridges raised to meet the requirements of a class Vb inland waterway.[2]

Tributaries

The river at Hirson

Tributaries include

Right bank

  • Noirieu
  • Divette
  • Mas or Matz
  • Aronde
  • Brèche
  • Thérain

Left bank

See also

References

  1. ^ Sandre. "Fiche cours d'eau (H---0100)".
  2. ^ "MAGEO - Mise au gabarit européen de l'Oise entre Creil et Compiègne".

External links


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