Palazzo dei Normanni

Palazzo dei Normanni
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Palais des Normands.jpg
Official nameRoyal Palace
LocationPalermo, Sicily, Italy
Part ofArab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalú and Monreale
CriteriaCultural: (ii), (iv)
Inscription2015 (39th session)
Coordinates38°06′39″N 13°21′11″E / 38.11083°N 13.35306°E / 38.11083; 13.35306Coordinates: 38°06′39″N 13°21′11″E / 38.11083°N 13.35306°E / 38.11083; 13.35306
Palazzo dei Normanni is located in Sicily
Palazzo dei Normanni
Location of Palazzo dei Normanni in Sicily
Palazzo dei Normanni is located in Italy
Palazzo dei Normanni
Palazzo dei Normanni (Italy)

The Palazzo dei Normanni (Norman Palace) or Royal Palace of Palermo is a palace in Palermo, Italy. It was the seat of the Kings of Sicily during the Norman domination and served afterwards as the main seat of power for the subsequent rulers of Sicily. Since 1946 it has been the seat of the Sicilian Regional Assembly.[citation needed] The building is the oldest royal residence in Europe; and was the private residence of the rulers of the Kingdom of Sicily and the imperial seat of Frederick II and Conrad IV.[citation needed]


Norman wing

The palace stands in what is the highest point of the ancient centre of the city, just above the first Punic settlements, whose remains can still be found in the basement.[citation needed]

The first building, the al-Qasr (in Arabic, castle or palace) is believed to have been started in the 9th century by the Emir of Palermo. Parts of this early building are still visible in the foundations and in the basements, where typical Arabian vaults are present. After the Normans conquered Sicily in 1072 (just 6 years after they conquered England) and established Palermo as the capital of the new County of Sicily, the palace was chosen as the main residence of the kings. The Norman kings transformed the former Arabian palace into a multifunctional complex with both administrative and residential aims. All the buildings were linked to each other via arcades and enclosed by gardens, designed by the best gardeners of the middle east. In 1132 King Roger II added the famous Cappella Palatina to the complex[1].[additional citation(s) needed]

During the reign of the Swabian emperors, the palace maintained its administrative functions, and was the centre of the Sicilian School of poetry, but was seldom used as permanent seat of power, especially during the reign of Frederick II.[citation needed]

The Angevin and Aragonese kings preferred other seats. The palace returned to an important administrative role in the second half of the sixteenth century, when the Spanish viceroys chose it as their official residence, carrying out important reconstructions, aimed at their representative needs and their military ones, with the creation of a system of bastions.[citation needed]

The Spanish Bourbons built additional reception rooms (la Sala Rossa, la Sala Gialla e la Sala Verde) and reconstructed the Sala d'Ercole, named for its frescos depicted the mythological hero, Hercules.[citation needed]

From 1946, the palace was the seat of the Sicilian Regional Assembly. The west wing (with the Porta Nuova) was assigned to the Italian Army and is the seat of the Southern Military Region.[citation needed]

During the sixties, it received comprehensive restorations under the direction of Rosario La Duca.[citation needed]

The palace is also the seat of the Astronomical Observatory of Palermo.[citation needed]

The palace contains the Cappella Palatina,[2] by far the best example of the so-called Arab-Norman-Byzantine style that prevailed in the 12th-century Sicily. The wonderful mosaics, the wooden roof, elaborately fretted and painted, and the marble incrustation of the lower part of the walls and the floor are very fine.[3] Of the palace itself the greater part was rebuilt and added in Aragonese times, but there are some other parts of Roger's work left, specially the hall called Sala Normanna.[3]

See also


  1. ^ "Palermo Buildings and Monuments". Nozio. Retrieved 7 December 2017. The palace houses the spectacular Cappella Palatina inside, which was also built by the Normans
  2. ^ "Palazzo dei Normanni". Trip Historic. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b Freeman, Edward Augustus; Ashby, Thomas (1911). "Palermo" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 20 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 599.

External links

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