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Panna district

पन्ना जिला
Location of Panna district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Panna district in Madhya Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DivisionSagar
HeadquartersPanna, India
TehsilsPanna

Ajaygarh Pawai Amanganj Gunour Shahnagar Raipura Devendranagar

Simaria
Government
 • BodyLegislative Assembly of Panna, pawai and Gunour
 • Collector & District MagistrateShri Karmveer Sharma (IAS)
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesKhajuraho
 • member of parliamentV.D. Shama(BJP)
Area
 • Total7,135 km2 (2,755 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total1,016,520
 • Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy66.08 %
 • Sex ratio907
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationMP-35
Major highwaysNH 39 State highway 49
Websitehttps://panna.nic.in/en/

Panna district is a district of the Sagar Division, within the Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The town of Panna is the district headquarters. NH39

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901165,440—    
1911207,021+2.27%
1921202,725−0.21%
1931215,137+0.60%
1941249,226+1.48%
1951259,659+0.41%
1961331,257+2.47%
1971429,077+2.62%
1981539,978+2.33%
1991687,945+2.45%
2001856,558+2.22%
20111,016,520+1.73%
source:[1]

Panna district was created in 1950, shortly after Indian independence, from the territory of several former princely states of British India, including the states of Panna, Jaso, most of Ajaigarh, and a portion of Paldeo. Panna District was part of the new Indian state of Vindhya Pradesh, which was merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956.

Geography

Panna district lies between 23° 45' and 25° 10' north latitudes and 79° 45' and 80° 40' east longitudes.[2] It has an area of 7,135 km2.[3]

The Ken River flows through the district. The Pandav Falls and the Gatha Falls are located in the district. Panna National Park is a major tourist attraction in the district.[4]

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Panna one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5] It is among the five poorest districts in the state in terms of income. It ranks 41st out of 45 districts in human development index (HDI) in Madhya Pradesh.[6]

Divisions

Gram panchayats under Panna district

This intermediate subdivisions are also called block,[7] intermediate panchayat,[8] tehsil[9] or tahsil.[9] Inside Panna district, there are the following nine subdivisions:

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Panna District has a population of 1,016,520,[10] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[11] or the US state of Montana.[12] This gives it a ranking of 442nd in India (out of a total of 640).[10] The district has a population density of 142 inhabitants per square kilometre (370/sq mi) .[10] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.62%.[10] Panna has a sex ratio of 907 females for every 1000 males,[10] and a literacy rate of 66.08%.[10]

Languages

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 99.12% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 0.72% Bengali as their first language.[13]

Among Panna's languages is Bundeli, which has a lexical similarity of 72-91% with Hindi[14] (compared to 60% for German and English)[15] and is spoken by about 78,00,000 people in Bagelkhand;[14] and Bharia, a Dravidian language spoken by at least 200,000 members of the Bharia tribe and written in the Devanagari script.[16]

Mining

Panna district is famous for its diamond mines located in a belt of about 80 km across the Panna town.[3] In olden days the most productive mines were located in the village of Sukariuh.[17] Nowadays, Majhagaon is the only active diamond mine in Asia.[18]

References

  1. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  2. ^ "Panna district map". Maps of India. Retrieved 2010-08-18.
  3. ^ a b "Panna District". india9. Archived from the original on 2011-03-12. Retrieved 2010-08-18.
  4. ^ "Panna – a city of diamonds". Panna district administration. Archived from the original on 2010-08-20. Retrieved 2010-08-18.
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  6. ^ http://cseindia.org/mining/1district_madhyapradesh.htm. Missing or empty |title=
  7. ^ a b c National Habitation Survey 2003: LIST OF QUALITY AFFECTED HABITATIONS Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Village Panchayat Names of AJAIGARH Archived 2016-03-10 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ a b State elections 2008 candidates
  10. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  11. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Cyprus 11,20,489 July 2011 est.
  12. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Montana 989,415
  13. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  14. ^ a b M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bagheli: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
  15. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "English". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
  16. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bharia: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
  17. ^ Streeter, Edwin W. "Precious stones and Gems". The Indian Diamond. George Bell & Sons (1898). Archived from the original on 2011-05-22. Retrieved 2010-08-18.
  18. ^ "Panna Diamond Mines". Subh Yatra. Archived from the original on 2010-07-08. Retrieved 2010-08-18.

External links

Coordinates: 24°43′12″N 80°10′48″E / 24.72000°N 80.18000°E / 24.72000; 80.18000


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