Parasite (2019 film)

Parasite
Parasite (2019 film).png
South Korean theatrical release poster
Hangul기생충
Hanja寄生蟲
Revised Romanizationgisaengchung
McCune–Reischauerkisaengch'ung
Directed byBong Joon-ho
Produced by
  • Kwak Sin-ae
  • Moon Yang-kwon
  • Bong Yok-cho
  • Jang Young-hwan
Screenplay by
Story byBong Joon-ho[1]
Starring
Music byJung Jae-il[1]
CinematographyHong Kyung-pyo[2]
Edited byYang Jin-mo
Production
company
Barunson E&A[1]
Distributed byCJ Entertainment
Release date
  • 21 May 2019 (2019-05-21) (Cannes)
  • 30 May 2019 (2019-05-30) (South Korea)
Running time
132 minutes[3][4]
CountrySouth Korea[3][1]
LanguageKorean[1]
Budget₩13.5 billion[5]
(~US$11 million)
Box office$167.6 million[6][7]

Parasite is a 2019 South Korean black comedy thriller film directed by Bong Joon-ho, who also co-wrote the screenplay with Han Jin-won. It stars Song Kang-ho, Lee Sun-kyun, Cho Yeo-jeong, Choi Woo-shik, and Park So-dam, and follows the members of a poor family who scheme to become employed by a wealthy family by infiltrating their household and posing as unrelated, highly qualified individuals.

The film premiered at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival on 21 May 2019, where it became the first Korean film to win the Palme d'Or and the first to win with a unanimous vote since 2013's Blue Is the Warmest Colour. It was then released in South Korea by CJ Entertainment on 30 May 2019. It received universal critical acclaim, and has been hailed as one of the greatest South Korean films ever made and one of the best films of the 2010s. It has grossed $167.6 million worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing South Korean film.

Among its numerous accolades, Parasite won a leading four awards at the 92nd Academy Awards for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Original Screenplay and Best International Feature Film. It became the first South Korean film to receive Academy Award recognition, as well as the first non-English language film to win Best Picture. At the 77th Golden Globe Awards, it won the award for Best Foreign Language Film. It received four nominations at the 73rd British Academy Film Awards, winning Best Film Not in the English Language and Best Original Screenplay. It also became the first non-English language film to win the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture.

Plot

The Kim family—father Ki-taek, mother Chung-sook, daughter Ki-jeong and son Ki-woo—lives in a small semi-basement apartment, have low-paying temporary jobs, and struggles to make ends meet. One day Min-hyuk, a friend of Ki-Woo's and a university student, gifts the family a scholar's rock, which is meant to promise wealth to whoever possesses it. He suggests that, when he leaves to study abroad, Ki-woo should take over his job as an English tutor to the wealthy Park family's daughter, Da-hye. Ki-woo must pose as a university student to be hired, so Ki-jeong forges the necessary documents, though Ki-woo vows that he will someday attend university for real.

After Ki-woo successfully interviews for the tutoring job, the Kim family begins to infiltrate the home of the Parks by recommending each other's services, posing as unrelated but sophisticated and skilled workers. Ki-woo tutors and begins a romance with Da-hye. Ki-jeong poses as a renowned art therapist, who agrees to counsel the Parks' restless young son, Da-song. Mr Park's chauffeur is fired after Ki-jeong frames him for having sex in the car and Ki-taek, a former valet, is hired. Finally, Chung-sook takes over as the Parks' housekeeper after the Kims exploit the long-time housekeeper's severe peach allergy and convince Mrs. Park that she has tuberculosis.

When the Parks leave home to go on a camping trip for Da-song's birthday, the Kim family revel in the luxuries of the mansion. Unexpectedly, Moon-gwang, the former housekeeper, returns, saying she has left something in the basement. She reveals a hidden entrance to a secret underground bunker, created by the architect and previous owner of the mansion, whom Moon-gwang also worked for. Over four years ago, before the Parks moved in, Moon-gwang's husband, Geun-sae, began living underneath the home to hide from loan sharks. Moon-gwang pleads for Chung-sook to help Geun-sae survive in the bunker. However, after she finds out the truth about the Kim family, she threatens to tell the Parks if they do not, in turn, keep her secret.

Due to inclement weather, the Parks return home early from their camping trip, and the Kim family scrambles to clean up the home, while a brawl breaks out between Moon-gwang, Geun-sae, and the Kims. Geun-sae and a mortally injured Moon-gwang are trapped in the bunker. After Chung-sook serves her dinner, Mrs. Park reveals to her that Da-song had a traumatic experience years ago when he witnessed a 'ghost'—Geun-sae—emerging from the basement, and that the family has celebrated Da-song's birthday outside their house since. As the remaining Kims hide under a nearby table, Mr. Park complains to his wife about Ki-taek's smell.

When the Kims return to their apartment they find it completely flooded due to the raging storm. They sleep in a gymnasium with other displaced people. The next day, Mrs. Park decides to host a lavish party for Da-song's birthday. She invites Ki-jeong and Ki-woo, while Ki-taek and Chung-sook are required to attend as employees. Ki-woo heads down to the bunker with the scholar's rock. He finds Moon-gwang dead, but is attacked by Geun-sae, who bludgeons him with the rock and escapes. Seeking to avenge Moon-gwang, Geun-sae takes a kitchen knife and stabs Ki-jeong in front of the horrified guests. Da-song suffers a trauma-induced seizure upon seeing Geun-sae, and a struggle breaks out between Geun-sae and Chung-sook until she kills him with a skewer. While Ki-taek attempts to help Ki-jeong, Mr. Park orders him to drive Da-song to the hospital. Ki-taek, upon seeing Mr. Park's reaction to Geun-sae's smell, fatally stabs Mr. Park with the knife before fleeing the scene.

Weeks later, Ki-woo has survived the attack and wakes up from his coma. He and Chung-sook are put on probation for fraud, while Ki-jeong has died from her injury and Ki-taek, who is wanted for Mr. Park's murder, has gone missing. Both Ki-taek and Geun-sae's motives for the attacks are unknown. Ki-woo continues to scope out the Parks' home, which has now been sold to a German family, and sees a message in Morse code from the flickering lights. It is from Ki-taek, who is now living in the bunker. Ki-woo writes a letter to his father, vowing that he will one day earn enough money to purchase the house, free his father, and reunite as a family.

Cast

  • Song Kang-ho as Kim Ki-taek, father of the Kim family
  • Choi Woo-shik as Kim Ki-woo, son of the Kim family
  • Park So-dam as Kim Ki-jeong, daughter of the Kim family
  • Jang Hye-jin as Kim Chung-sook, mother of the Kim family
  • Lee Sun-kyun as Park Dong-ik, father of the Park family
  • Cho Yeo-jeong as Choi Yeon-gyo, mother of the Park family
  • Jung Ji-so as Park Da-hye, daughter of the Park family
  • Jung Hyeon-jun as Park Da-song, son of the Park family
  • Lee Jung-eun as Gook Moon-gwang, the housekeeper
  • Park Myung-hoon as Geun-sae, Moon-gwang's husband
  • Park Geun-rok as Yoon, the chauffeur
  • Park Seo-joon as Min-hyuk[8]

Production

Development

The idea for Parasite originated in 2013. While working on Snowpiercer, Bong was encouraged by a theater actor friend to write a play. He had been a tutor for the son of a wealthy family in Seoul in his early 20s, and considered turning his experience into a stage production.[9] After completing Snowpiercer, Bong wrote a 15-page film treatment for the first half of Parasite, which his production assistant on Snowpiercer, Han Jin-won, turned into three different drafts of the screenplay.[9] After finishing Okja, Bong returned to the project and finished the script; Han received credit as a co-writer.[9]

The incident of Christine and Léa Papin—two live-in maids who murdered their employers in 1930s France—also served as a source of inspiration to Bong.[10]

Darcy Paquet, an American residing in Korea, served as the translator for the English subtitles and worked directly with Bong.[11] Paquet rendered Jjapaguri or Chapaguri (짜파구리), a dish cooked by a character in the film, as "ram-don", meaning ramen-udon. It is a mix of Chapagetti and Neoguri.[12] The English version of the film shows packages labeled in English "ramyeon" and "udon" to highlight to English speakers how the name was created. Paquet believes that the word "Ram-don" did not previously exist as he found no results when he Googled the term as a test.[13] Paquet had the subtitles, on one occasion, use Oxford University as a reference instead of Seoul National University, and in another, use WhatsApp be the messaging application instead of KakaoTalk.[11] Paquet chose Oxford instead of Harvard University due to Bong's affinity for the United Kingdom and because Paquet believed using Harvard would be "too obvious a choice".[13] Paquet wrote that "in order for humor to work, people need to understand it immediately. With an unfamiliar word, the humor is lost."[13]

The film's title "Parasite" was selected by Bong as it served a double meaning, which he had to convince the film's marketing group to use. Bong said "Because the story is about the poor family infiltrating and creeping into the rich house, it seems very obvious that Parasite refers to the poor family, and I think that's why the marketing team was a little hesitant. But if you look at it the other way, you can say that rich family, they're also parasites in terms of labor. They can't even wash dishes, they can't drive themselves, so they leech off the poor family's labor. So both are parasites."[14]

Filming

Principal photography for Parasite began on 18 May 2018[15][16] and ended 77 days later on 19 September 2018.[17] Filming took place around Seoul and in Jeonju.[18]

The Parks' house, said in the film to be designed by a fictional architect named Namgoong Hyeonja, was an entirely newly-built set.[19] Production designer Lee Ha-jun said the sun was an important factor with building the outdoor set. "The sun's direction was a crucial point of consideration while we were searching for outdoor lots," explained Lee. "We had to remember the sun's position during our desired time frame and determine the positions and sizes of the windows accordingly. In terms of practical lighting, the DP [director of photography Hong Kyung-pyo] had specific requests regarding the color. He wanted sophisticated indirect lighting and the warmth from tungsten light sources. Before building the set, the DP and I visited the lot several times to check the sun's movement at each time, and we decided on the set's location together."[20]

"Since Mr. Park's house is built by an architect in the story, it wasn't easy finding the right approach to designing the house," he added. "I'm not an architect, and I think there's a difference in how an architect envisions a space and how a production designer does. We prioritize blocking and camera angles while architects build spaces for people to actually live in and thus design around people. So I think the approach is very different."[20]

According to editor Jinmo Yang, Bong Joon-Ho chose to shoot the film without traditional coverage. To give them more editing options with limited shots, they sometimes stitched together different takes of the same shot.[21]

Themes and interpretations

The main themes of Parasite are class conflict and social inequality.[22][23] Film critics and Bong Joon-ho himself have considered the film as a reflection of modern capitalism,[24][25] and some have associated it with the term "Hell Joseon", a phrase which has become popular, especially with young people, in the late 2010s to describe the difficulties of life in South Korea.[26][27] The film also analyzes the use of "connections" to get ahead, especially for rich families[28] but also for the poor Kims as well.

Bong has referred to Parasite as a "stairway movie",[10] in which staircases are used as a motif to represent the positions of the Kim and Park families as well as those of Moon-gwang.[29] The semi-basement apartment that the Kims live in are common for poorer Seoul residents, despite having several issues such as increased mold and risk of disease, due to their low rent prices.[22] Monsoon floods such as the one depicted in the film commonly damage these types of residences the most.[28]

According to Bong, the ending implies that Ki-woo will not be able to earn the funds needed to buy the house as it shows Ki-woo still in the basement; he described this shot as a "surefire kill" (확인사살), referring to a coup de grace to ensure death.[10] The ending song refers to Ki-woo working to get money to make the house; Choi Woo-shik stated that "It would take hundreds of years for Ki-woo to actually save up the money in order to buy that house" but that "I'm pretty sure Ki-woo is one of those bright kids. He'll come up with some idea, and he would just go into the German family's house, and I think he will rescue his father."[30]

Release

Director and stars at an April 2019 press event.

The film had its world premiere at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival on 21 May.[31] It was released in South Korea on 30 May 2019.[4][17]

Neon acquired the North American rights to the film at the 2018 American Film Market.[32][33] The film's rights were also pre-sold to German-speaking territories (Koch Films), French-speaking territories (The Jokers) and Japan (Bitters End).[34]

It was released in Australia and New Zealand by Madman Films on 27 June 2019[35] (becoming both the highest-ever-grossing Korean film in the region[36] and the distributor's highest-ever-grossing non-English language film in Australia),[37] Russia on 4 July 2019, and in the United States and Canada on 11 October 2019.[38]

The film was originally scheduled to be screened as a closing film at FIRST International Film Festival Xining in China on 28 July 2019, but on 27 July, the film festival organizers announced that the screening was cancelled for "technical reasons."[39]

It was licensed for the United Kingdom and Ireland by Curzon Artificial Eye at Cannes, and had preview screenings with an interview with Bong Joon-ho shared live by satellite on 3 February 2020, followed by the film's general release on 7 February.[40]

Universal Pictures Home Entertainment has released this film on Blu-ray in the US.[41]

Reception

Box office

As of 9 February 2020, Parasite has grossed $35.5 million in the United States and Canada, and $132.1 million in other territories (including $72 million from South Korea), for a worldwide total of $167.6 million.[6][42] It set a new record for Bong, becoming the first of his films to gross over $100 million worldwide.[43]

In the film's United States opening weekend, the film grossed $376,264 from three theaters. Its per-venue average of $125,421 was the best since La La Land's in 2016, and the best-ever for a foreign-language film.[44] It expanded to 33 theaters in its second weekend, making $1.24 million,[45] and then made $1.8 million from 129 theaters in its third.[46] The film made $2.5 million in its fourth weekend and $2.6 million in its fifth.[47] The film's theater count peaked in its sixth weekend at 620, when it made $1.9 million.[48] It continued to hold well in the following weekends, making $1.3 million and $1 million.[49][50] In its tenth week of release the film crossed the $20 million mark (rare for a foreign-language film), making $632,500 from 306 theaters.[51] The weekend of the Oscars (its 18th of release) the film made $1.5 million from 1,060 theaters, for a running total of $35.5 million.[52]

The film grossed US$20.7 million in its opening weekend in South Korea.[7]

Critical response

On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 99% based on 393 reviews, with an average rating of 9.38/10. The website's critical consensus reads: "An urgent, brilliantly layered look at timely social themes, Parasite finds writer-director Bong Joon Ho in near-total command of his craft."[53] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 96 out of 100 based on reviews from 51 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[54]

Writing for the New York Times, A.O. Scott described the film as "wildly entertaining, the kind of smart, generous, aesthetically-energized movie that obliterates the tired distinctions between art films and popcorn movies."[55] Bilge Ebiri of NY Mag wrote that Parasite is "a work that is itself in a state of constant, agitated transformation—a nerve-racking masterpiece whose spell lingers long after its haunting final image."[56] In his five-star review of the film, Dave Calhoun of Time Out praised the social commentary and stated that "This is a dazzling work, surprising and fully gripping from beginning to end, full of big bangs and small wonders."[57] Variety's Jessica Kiang described the film as "a wild, wild ride," writing that "Bong is back and on brilliant form, but he is unmistakably, roaringly furious, and it registers because the target is so deserving, so enormous, so 2019: Parasite is a tick fat with the bitter blood of class rage."[58] The A.V. Club's A. A. Dowd gave the film an A−, praising the fun and surprising twists.[59] Joshua Rivera from GQ gave a glowing review and declared Parasite to be "Maybe 2019's best film", further adding, "It's so top-to-bottom satisfying that even being completely spoiled couldn't ruin it – but if you can come to it cold, you'll be floored."[60] Parasite also ranked 1st in a survey conducted by IndieWire of over 300 critics, in the Best Film, Best Director, Best Screenplay and Best Foreign Film categories.[61]

Parasite appeared on over 240 critics' year-end top-ten lists, including 77 who ranked the film first.[62] On Metacritic, Parasite was rated as the best film of 2019[63][64] and ranked 7th among the films with the highest scores of the decade.[65] As of 28 December 2019, it is the 41st highest rated film of all time on the website.[66]

Awards and nominations

Bong Joon-ho garnered widespread critical acclaim for his direction and was awarded the Academy Award for Best Director.

Parasite won the Palme d'Or at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival. It was the first South Korean film to do so, as well as the first film to win with a unanimous vote since 2013's Blue Is the Warmest Colour.[67][68] At the 77th Golden Globe Awards, the film was nominated for three awards including Best Director and Best Screenplay, and won Best Foreign Language Film, becoming the first ever Korean film to achieve that feat.[69][70]

It was selected as the South Korean entry for Best International Feature Film at the 92nd Academy Awards,[71][72] making the December shortlist.[73]

Parasite became the second foreign film to ever be nominated for Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture since the 1997 film Life Is Beautiful, and ultimately won the category, making history as the first ever foreign film to win the prize.

It was nominated for four awards at the 73rd British Academy Film Awards: Best Film, Best Director, Best Original Screenplay and Best Film Not in the English Language. It is the first Korean film to receive nominations at the British Academy Film Awards (except for Best Film Not in the English Language).

Parasite is the first South Korean-made film to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture at the 92nd Academy Awards.[74] It is also nominated for Best Director, Best International Feature Film, Best Original Screenplay, Best Production Design, and Best Film Editing,[75] making it, along with In the Absence, the first two South Korean films to receive Academy Award recognition in any category.[76]

On February 2, Parasite won the award for Best Film Not in the English Language, as well as Best Original Screenplay, which they were nominated for at the 73rd British Academy Film Awards. The other two awards they were nominated for but did not win were Best Film and Best Director.[77][78]

On February 5, Parasite became the first Korean movie in nearly 15 years that surpassed 1 million moviegoers in Japan.[79]

At the 92nd Academy Awards, Parasite won Best International Feature Film, Best Original Screenplay, Best Director, and Best Picture, becoming the first non-English language film to win Best Picture.[80][81]

Spin-off television series

An HBO limited series based on the film, with Bong and Adam McKay adapting and executively producing, is in early development.[82] Bong has stated that the series, also titled Parasite, will explore stories "that happen in between the sequences in the film".[83][84]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Parasite international press kit" (PDF). CJ Entertainment. 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 January 2020. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  2. ^ "BONG Joon-ho's PARASITE Claims Early Sales". Korean Film Biz Zone. Archived from the original on 4 February 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  3. ^ a b "GISAENGCHUNG – Festival de Cannes 2019". Cannes Film Festival. 2019. Archived from the original on 3 September 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020. Country : SOUTH KOREA/Length : 132 minutes
  4. ^ a b "기생충". Naver Movie. Archived from the original on 8 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" 영화 '기생충' 흥행 질주…손익분기점 400만명 눈앞. 3 June 2019. Archived from the original on 26 June 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ a b "Parasite (2019)". Box Office Mojo. IMDB. Archived from the original on 4 December 2019. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Gisaengchung (2019) - Financial Information". The Numbers. Archived from the original on 17 January 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  8. ^ "Archived copy" 박서준 측 “봉준호 ‘기생충’ 특별출연” 2019년 스크린 열일(공식입장). entertain.naver.com (in Korean). Archived from the original on 26 June 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ a b c Brzeski, Patrick (8 November 2019). "Making of 'Parasite': How Bong Joon Ho's Real Life Inspired a Plot-Twisty Tale of Rich vs. Poor". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 13 January 2020. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  10. ^ a b c Jung, E. Alex (14 January 2020). "Bong Joon Ho on Why He Wanted Parasite to End With a 'Surefire Kill'". Vulture. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  11. ^ a b Han, Karen (14 October 2019). "Bong Joon-ho on weaving his personal memories into Parasite". Polygon. Archived from the original on 26 December 2019. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  12. ^ Rochlin, Margy (19 October 2019). "How steak and 'ramdon' illustrate class tensions in Bong Joon Ho's 'Parasite'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  13. ^ a b c Lee, Hana (19 June 2019). "'Parasite' subtitle translator: Comedies are a fun challenge". Korea.net. Archived from the original on 8 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  14. ^ Ankers, Adele (31 January 2020). "Parasite: Bong Joon-ho Reveals the Meaning Behind the Title of the Oscar-Nominated Film". IGN. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  15. ^ Kil, Sonia (30 May 2018). "Bong Joon-ho's Parasite Starts Shooting (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Archived from the original on 30 April 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  16. ^ "BONG Joon-ho's PARASITE Enters Production". Korean Film Biz Zone. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  17. ^ a b "BONG Joon-ho's PARASITE Wraps Production". Korean Film Biz Zone. Archived from the original on 4 February 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  18. ^ Noh, Jean (30 June 2019). "Bong Joon Ho talks 'Parasite': "It deals with polarisation"". Screen Daily. Archived from the original on 27 July 2019. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  19. ^ Nast, Condé. "Inside the House From Bong Joon Ho's Parasite". Architectural Digest. Archived from the original on 6 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  20. ^ a b "How Bong Joon Ho Designed the House in Parasite". IndieWire. 29 October 2019. Archived from the original on 4 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  21. ^ Buder, Emily (6 December 2019). "'Parasite' Editor Jinmo Yang Teaches Us How to Edit Without Coverage". No Film School. Archived from the original on 18 January 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  22. ^ a b Ulaby, Neda (5 November 2019). "The Hit Movie 'Parasite' Puts Basement Structures In Structural Inequality". NPR. Archived from the original on 16 January 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  23. ^ Holub, Christian (15 October 2019). "From Parasite to Hustlers: How 2019 became the year of cinematic class conflict". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  24. ^ Bean, Travis (30 January 2020). "Capitalism Gone Wild: The Ending Of 'Parasite' Explained". Forbes. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  25. ^ Paiella, Gabriella (8 October 2019). "Parasite Director Bong Joon-ho on the Art of Class Warfare". GQ. Archived from the original on 19 December 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  26. ^ Kim, Minsoo (11 October 2019). "Why "Parasite" Is Bong Joon-ho's Biggest Hit and Darkest Film Yet". Archived from the original on 11 January 2020. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  27. ^ "Opinion: For South Korean youth, Parasite burrows close to home". Archived from the original on 10 January 2020. Retrieved 7 February 2020 – via The Globe and Mail.
  28. ^ a b Kasulis, Kelly. "Oscar-nominated 'Parasite' speaks to a growing divide in South Korea". news.wbfo.org. Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  29. ^ Rao, Sonia (24 October 2019). "Unpacking the 'metaphorical' ending of 'Parasite'". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 7 January 2020. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  30. ^ Harris, Hunter (16 October 2019). "Parasite's Choi Woo-shik Is Optimistic About the Movie's Overwhelming Ending". Vulture. Archived from the original on 9 December 2019. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  31. ^ "The Screenings Guide 2019". 9 May 2019. Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  32. ^ McNary, Dave (31 October 2018). "Bong Joon-Ho's Drama Parasite Bought by Neon". Variety. Archived from the original on 3 February 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  33. ^ "AFM: Neon Nabs Bong Joon-ho's 'Parasite' From CJ Entertainment". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 3 February 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  34. ^ Noh, Jean. "Bong Joon Ho thriller Parasite sells to US, Japan, France". Screen. Archived from the original on 3 February 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  35. ^ "Madman Films – Posts". Facebook. 20 June 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020. Spread the word. Bong Joon Ho's new masterpiece, PARASITE opens in Australian cinemas June 27.
  36. ^ "Madman Films – Posts". Facebook. Retrieved 1 January 2020. […] Parasite, which is now the highest grossing Korean film of all time at the Australian & New Zealand box office […]
  37. ^ "Madman Films – Posts". Facebook. 23 December 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020. Bong Joon Ho's Parasite has just become Madman's most successful non-English language film at the Australian box office of all time.
  38. ^ Galuppo, Mia (30 May 2019). "Bong Joon Ho's Palme d'Or Winner Parasite Will Release in Time for Awards Season". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 30 May 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  39. ^ Davis, Rebecca (28 July 2019). "Bong Joon-ho's Palme d'Or Winner Parasite Pulled From China Festival". Variety. Archived from the original on 30 July 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  40. ^ "Parasite Tickets & Showtimes". Curzon Cinemas. Archived from the original on 1 January 2020. Retrieved 1 January 2020. Director Bong Joon-ho joins us live in person for a preview Q&A at Curzon Mayfair that will be shared via satellite. […] Wednesday 3 February 6.00pm […] UK RELEASE DATE 7 FEBRUARY 2020
  41. ^ "Parasite". www.uphe.com. 26 September 2019. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  42. ^ "Parasite (2019)". The Numbers. Archived from the original on 4 December 2019. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  43. ^ "'Parasite' Sets New Record for Director Bong Joon-Ho at Indie Box Office". TheWrap. 3 November 2019. Archived from the original on 4 November 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  44. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (13 October 2019). "Joker $55M+ Scores 2nd Weekend October Record, Addams Family Rich $30M+, Gemini Man Still Not Dazzling $20M – Sunday B.O. Update". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on 11 October 2019. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  45. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (20 October 2019). "'Maleficent: Mistress Of Evil' No Magic With $36M+, 'Joker' Still Stealing 2nd Place From 'Zombieland 2' With $28M+". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on 19 October 2019. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  46. ^ Ramos, Dino-Ray (27 October 2019). "'Synonyms' And Kanye West's 'Jesus Is King' Have Solid Premieres, 'Frankie' Debuts Soft – Specialty Box Office". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on 27 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  47. ^ Brueggemann, Tom (10 November 2019). "Amazon's 'Honey Boy' Tops Netflix's 'Marriage Story' In Select Theaters". IndieWire. Archived from the original on 10 November 2019. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  48. ^ Brueggemann, Tom (17 November 2019). "'Waves' Makes Box Office Splash as Amazon and Netflix Stay Quiet". IndieWire. Archived from the original on 17 November 2019. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  49. ^ Brueggemann, Tom (24 November 2019). "'Dark Waters' Leads Tepid Arthouse Openers at Crowded Box Office". IndieWire. Archived from the original on 25 November 2019. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  50. ^ Brueggemann, Tom (1 December 2019). "'Harriet,' 'Jojo Rabbit,' and 'Parasite' Reap Holiday Box Office Bounty". IndieWire. Archived from the original on 1 December 2019. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  51. ^ Ramos, Dino-Ray (15 December 2019). "Uncut Gems' Shines With Biggest A24 Per-Screen Opening, 'A Hidden Life' Debuts, Lionsgate Drops Limited 'Bombshell' Release – Specialty Box Office". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on 15 December 2019. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  52. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (9 February 2020). "How 'Birds Of Prey' Went Astray With $33M+ Opening". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on 8 February 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  53. ^ "Parasite (Gisaengchung) (2019)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Archived from the original on 11 December 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  54. ^ "Parasite Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 18 October 2019. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  55. ^ A.O. Scott. "Old Masters and Fresh Surprises at the New York Film Festival". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on 7 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  56. ^ Bilge Ebiri. "Bong Joon-ho's Parasite Is a Nerve-Racking Masterpiece". New York Magazine. Archived from the original on 7 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  57. ^ Dave Calhoun. "Parasite". Time Out. Time Out. Archived from the original on 7 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  58. ^ Jessica Kiang. "Film Review: Parasite". Variety. Archived from the original on 13 July 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  59. ^ Dowd, A. A. (10 October 2019). "Parasite May be Bong Joon Ho's Most Thrilling Ride on the Genre-Hopping Snowpiercer Express". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on 11 October 2019. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  60. ^ Rivera, Joshua (11 October 2019). "10 Reasons Why Parasite May Be 2019's Best Film". GQ. Archived from the original on 18 December 2019. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  61. ^ "2019 Critics Poll: The Best Films and Performances According to Over 300 Critics From Around the World". 16 December 2019. Archived from the original on 16 December 2019. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  62. ^ "Best of 2019: Film Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 12 January 2020. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  63. ^ "Best of 2019: Film Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 12 January 2020. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  64. ^ "The Best Movies of 2019". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 8 January 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  65. ^ "Best Movies of the Decade (2010-19)". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 1 January 2020. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  66. ^ "Best Movies of All Time". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 9 August 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  67. ^ Mumford, Gwilym. "Cannes 2019: Bong Joon-ho's Parasite wins the Palme d'Or – live". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 26 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  68. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (25 May 2019). "'Parasite' Palme d'Or Winner Bong Joon-Ho On Pic's North Korea Jokes – Cannes". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on 26 May 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  69. ^ "Golden Globes 2020: The Complete Nominations List". Variety. 9 December 2019. Archived from the original on 9 December 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  70. ^ Ulaby, Neda (10 December 2019). "'Parasite' Director Bong Joon-ho 'Wanted To Reflect The Truth Of Current Times'". NPR. Archived from the original on 12 December 2019. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  71. ^ Kim, Hye-Ju (21 August 2019). "제92회 아카데미영화상 국제장편영화 부문 한국영화 출품작 선정결과 (Selected Results of Korean Films for International Feature Films at the 92nd Academy Film Awards)". Korean Film Council. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  72. ^ "Oscars: South Korea Selects Palme d'Or Winner 'Parasite' for International Feature Film Award". Variety. 21 August 2019. Archived from the original on 21 August 2019. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  73. ^ "10 Films Make Shortlist for Oscars' Best International Film". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 17 December 2019. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  74. ^ Herald, The Korea (13 January 2020). "'Parasite' earns six Oscar nominations, including best picture". www.koreaherald.com. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  75. ^ "Everything you need to know about 'Parasite' and its Oscar nominations". Los Angeles Times. 13 January 2020. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  76. ^ Violet Kim (4 February 2020). "The Filmmakers Behind In the Absence on What It Can Teach Americans". Slate. Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  77. ^ Lattanzio, Ryan (2 February 2020). "BAFTA Awards: '1917' Crowned Best Film (Full Winners List)". IndieWire. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  78. ^ "'기생충', 영국 아카데미 외국어영화상·오리지널 각본상 2관왕". entertain.naver.com (in Korean). Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  79. ^ "기생충, 15년 만에 日 '100만 관객' 돌파…'욘사마' 이후 처음". KBS 뉴스 (in Korean). Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  80. ^ Barnes, Brooks; Sperling, Nicole (10 February 2020). "Oscars 2020 Live: 'Parasite' Wins Best Picture". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  81. ^ CNN, Brian Lowry. "'Parasite' makes history". CNN. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  82. ^ Kit, Borys; Goldberg, Lesley (9 January 2020). "'Parasite' HBO Limited Series in the Works From Bong Joon Ho, Adam McKay". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 10 January 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  83. ^ Ford, Rebessa (21 January 2020). "Bong Joon Ho Says 'Parasite' Series Will Explore Stories "That Happen in Between the Sequences in the Film"". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 10 January 2020. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  84. ^ Lattanzio, Ryan; Lattanzio, Ryan (23 January 2020). "Bong Joon Ho Reveals Epic Plans for 'Parasite' Series as a Six-Hour Movie". Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.

External links


本页面最后更新于2020-02-10 17:15,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基百科(wikipedia.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维百科为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,因此对部分内容进行改编以符合中国大陆政策,如果您不接受,可以直接访问维基百科官方网站

顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器