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Parliament of the Republic of Moldova Redirected from Parliament of Moldova

Parliament of the Republic of Moldova

Parlamentul Republicii Moldova
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
FoundedApril 1990[1]
Preceded bySupreme Soviet of the Moldovan Soviet Republic
Leadership
Zinaida Greceanîi, PSRM
since 8 June 2019
Structure
Seats101
Moldova Parliament 2020 (update).svg
Political groups
Caretaker government (37)
  • PSRM (37)

Supported by (9)[2][3]

Opposition (55)

Length of term
4 years
Elections
Last election
24 February 2019
Next election
2021
Meeting place
Interiorul Parlamentului RM (Ziua uşilor deschise).jpg
Palace of the Parliament, Chişinău, Moldova
Website
http://www.parlament.md/

The Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is the supreme representative body of the Republic of Moldova, the only state legislative authority, being a unicameral structure composed of 101 elected deputies on lists, for a period of 4 years. Parliament is elected by universal vote, equal directly, secret and freely expressed. The President of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is elected by the Parliament, with a minimum of 52 votes. Nowadays this function is fulfilled by Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova leader Zinaida Greceanîi.

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova, on a proposal of the Central Electoral Commission, decides to validate or invalidate the mandate of deputy. The mandate is invalid in the case of violation of electoral legislation. The Parliament is meeting at the convening of the Speaker of the Parliament within 30 days of the elections. Parliament's mandate is prolonged until the legal meeting of the new composition. During this period the Constitution cannot be amended and organic laws cannot be adopted, amended or abrogated.[4]

Apparatus

The Parliament staff ensures an organizational, informational and technological assistance to activity of the Parliament, the Standing Bureau, standing committees, parliamentary factions and of deputies. The structure and the personal record of the parliament staff are approved by the Parliament.

Legislative procedure

According to the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the Parliament is the supreme representative organ and the single legislative authority of the state. The right of legislative initiative belongs to the Members of Parliament, to the Speaker (excepting proposals to revise the Constitution) and to the Government. In exercise of this right MPs and the President of the state present to Parliament draft papers and legislative proposals, while the Government presents draft papers.

Parliamentary factions

In order to form the working bodies and to organize the activity of the parliament, deputies form parliamentary factions composed of at least 5 deputies elected on the basis of lists of electoral contestants, as well as parliamentary factions with the same numerical composition as independent deputies. The parliamentary factions are constituted within 10 days after the legal constitution of the parliament. The 101 deputies elected on February 24, 2019 voting constituted 4 parliamentary factions:[5]

Political Group Party Chair Faction Leader MPs
Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) Igor Dodon Corneliu Furculiță 37
Party of Action and Solidarity (PAS) Igor Grosu (acting) Igor Grosu 15
Democratic Party of Moldova (DPM) Pavel Filip Dumitru Diacov 11
Dignity and Truth Platform Party (DTPP) Andrei Năstase Alexandru Slusari 11
Independent 11
Șor Party (ȘP) Ilan Șor 9
Pro Moldova (PROM) Andrian Candu 7

Election results

Structure of former legislatures

Moldovan Parliament 1994–1998

28 56 11 9
SPM ADPM BȚI AFPCD

Moldovan Parliament 1998–2001

40 24 11 26
PCRM DPM DFP CDM

Moldovan Parliament 2001–2005

71 19 11
PCRM BA PCDP

Moldovan Parliament 2005–2009

56 12 22 11
PCRM DPM + SLP OMA PCDP

Moldovan Parliament April–July 2009

60 11 15 15
PCRM OMA LDPM LP

Moldovan Parliament 2009–2010

48 13 7 18 15
PCRM DPM OMA LDPM LP

Moldovan Parliament 2010–2014

42 15 32 12
PCRM DPM LDPM LP

Moldovan Parliament 2014–2019

25 21 19 23 13
PSRM PCRM DPM LDPM LP

Moldovan Parliament 2019–present

37 26 11 11 9 7
PSRM ACUM DPM Ind. ȘP Pro M.

Parliamentary committees

  • Committee for agriculture and food industry
    • Chairman – Radu Mudreac (PSRM)
    • Deputy Chairman – Vladimir Bolea (ASP)
    • Deputy Chairman – Corneliu Furculiță (PSRM)
    • Secretary – Nicolae Ciubuc (DPM)
    • Members – Gheorghe Brașovschi (DPM), Ilan Shor (ȘP), Alla Pillipețcaia (PSRM), Oleg Sîrbu (DPM), Alexandru Slusari (DTPP).
  • Committee for culture, education, research, youth, sport and mass-media
    • Chairman – Adrian Lebedinschi (PSRM)
    • Deputy Chairman – Vasile Năstase (DTPP)
    • Deputy Chairwoman – Adela Răileanu (PSRM)
    • Secretary – Petru Jardan (ȘP)
    • Members – Monica Babuc (DPM), Victor Bologan (PSRM), Maria Ciobanu (DTPP), Otilia Drăguțanu (DPM), Adela Răileanu (PSRM), Svetlana Rotundu (DPM).
  • Committee for economy, budget and finance
    • Chairman – Vladimir Golovatiuc (PSRM)
    • Deputy Chairman – Petru Burduja (PSRM)
    • Deputy Chairwoman – Ludmila Guzun (DPM)
    • Secretary – Vladimir Andronachi (DPM)
    • Members – Petru Burduja (PSRM), Vladimir Cebotari (DPM), Ludmila Guzun (DPM), Oleg Lipskii (PSRM), Alexandru Oleinic (independent).
  • Committee for environment and regional development
    • Chairwoman –
    • Deputy Chairman – Inga Grigoriu (DTPP)
    • Secretary – Eduard Smirnov (PSRM)
    • Members – Angel Agache (DPM), Vadim Fotescu (ȘP), Alexandru Jolnaci (PSRM), Oleg Teterea (PSRM)
  • Committee for human rights and inter-ethnic relations
    • Chairman – Doina Gherman (ASP)
    • Deputy Chairman – Ion Leucă (DPM)
    • Secretary – Ivanna Koksal (PSRM)
    • Members –
  • Committee for national security, defense and public order
    • Chairman – Alexandru Jizdan (DPM)
    • Deputy Chairman –
    • Deputy Chairman – Igor Grosu (ASP)
    • Secretary – Oazu Nantoi (ASP)
    • Members –
  • Committee for public administration
    • Chairman – Vasile Bîtca (DPM)
    • Deputy Chairman – Reghina Apostolova (ȘP)
    • Secretary – Alexandr Usatîi (PSRM)
    • Members –
  • Committee for social protection, health and family
    • Chairman – Elena Bacalu (DPM)
    • Deputy Chairman – Vladimir Odnostalco (PSRM)
    • Secretary – Liviu Vovc (DTPP)
    • Members –
  • Committee for foreign policy and European integration
    • Chairwoman – Violeta Ivanov (DPM)
    • Deputy Chairman – Bogdan Țîrdea (PSRM)
    • Secretary – Vladimir Vitiuc (DPM)
    • Members –
  • Legal committee for appointments and immunities
    • Chairman – Vasile Bolea (PSRM)
    • Deputy Chairman – Igor Vremea (DPM)
    • Secretary –
    • Members –

Permanent Bureau

Presidents of the Parliament of Moldova

Parliament Building

The Parliament Building was formerly the meeting place of the Central Committee of the Moldovan branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and was built between 1976 and 1979. It is located on Stephen the Great Boulevard formerly known as Lenin Boulevard. The architects were Alexander Cerdanțev and Grigore Bosenco. The building was damaged during civil unrest in 2009[6] and repairs were carried out in 2012 and 2013. Parliament moved back into the restored building in February 2014.[7]

Sources

  1. ^ https://iacis.ru/eng/parliaments/parlamenty_uchastniki/respublika_moldova/
  2. ^ https://seenews.com/news/moldovas-top-court-suspends-bill-stripping-president-elect-of-intelligence-services-control-723727
  3. ^ https://www.dw.com/ro/poporul-i-a-transmis-lui-igor-dodon-un-ultim-avertisment/a-55838465
  4. ^ Constitution of Moldova, art. 63, pag. 16.
  5. ^ Structura Parlamentului > Fracțiunile parlamentare
  6. ^ "De ce rămân în praf şi beznă clădirile Parlamentului şi Preşedinţiei". Timpul – Ştiri din Moldova.
  7. ^ "allmoldova". Archived from the original on 2014-01-02.

External links


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