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Parliament of Uganda

Parliament of Uganda
Bunge la Uganda
Tenth Parliament
Coat of arms of Uganda.svg
Type
Type
Seats529
Elections
Last election
14 January 2021
Next election
2026
Meeting place
Parliament-Of-Uganda.JPG
Parliament Avenue, Kampala
Website
www.parliament.go.ug

The unicameral Parliament of Uganda is the country's legislative body.

The most significant of the Ugandan parliament's functions is to pass laws which will provide good governance in the country. The government ministers are bound to answer to the people's representatives on the floor of the house. Through the various parliamentary committees, parliament scrutinises government programmes, particularly as outlined in the State of the Nation address by the president. The fiscal issues of the government, such as taxation and loans need the sanction of the parliament, after appropriate debate.[1]

Composition

The Parliament has a total of 529 seats, including 353 representatives elected using first-past-the-post voting in single winner constituencies. Using the same method, 146 seats reserved for women are filled, with one seat per district. Finally, 30 seats are indirectly filled via special electoral colleges: 10 by the army, 5 by youths, 5 by elders, 5 by unions, and 5 by people with disabilities. In each of these groups, at least one woman must be elected (at least two for the army group).[2][3][4]

In 2016, it was composed of 288 constituency representatives, 121 district woman representatives, ten Uganda People's Defence Force representatives, five representatives of the youth, five representatives of persons with disabilities, five representatives of workers, and seventeen ex officio members.[5]

History

The Ugandan parliament was established in 1962, soon after the country's independence.[6]

First Parliament (1962–1963)

This body was then known as the National Assembly. It had 92 members and was presided over, as speaker, by Sir John Bowes Griffin, a British lawyer and former Ugandan Chief Justice.

Second Parliament (1963–1971)

During this period, Prime Minister Milton Obote abrogated the constitution and declared himself President of Uganda in 1966. This parliament also witnessed the abolition of Uganda's traditional kingdoms and the declaration of Uganda as a republic. The speaker during the Second Parliament was Narendra M. Patel, a Ugandan of Indian descent. This parliament ended when Idi Amin overthrew Milton Obote's government in January 1971.

Third Parliament (1979–1980)

Following the overthrow of Idi Amin in April 1979, a new legislative body known as the Uganda Legislative Council was established. With an initial membership of 30, the membership was later increased to 120. This was the Third Parliament and was chaired by Professor Edward Rugumayo. This legislative body continued to function until the general elections of December 1980.

Fourth Parliament (1980–1985)

This period marked the return to power of Milton Obote and the Uganda People's Congress (UPC), following the disputed national elections of 1980. The speaker of the Fourth Parliament was Francis Butagira, a Harvard-trained lawyer. the Fourth Parliament ended when General Basilio Olara Okello overthrew Obote and the UPC government in 1985.

Fifth Parliament (1986–1996)

Known as the National Resistance Council (NRC), the Fifth Parliament was established following the end of the Ugandan 1981-1985 guerrilla war. Starting with 38 historical members of the National Resistance Movement and National Resistance Army, the legislative body was gradually expanded to include representatives from around the country. The speaker during the Fifth Parliament was Yoweri Museveni, who also concurrently served as the President of Uganda.

Sixth Parliament (1996–2001)

The Sixth Parliament was constituted during one-party rule (NRM). James Wapakhabulo served as speaker from 1996 until 1998. From 1998 until 2001, Francis Ayume, a member of Parliament from Koboko District, served as speaker.

Seventh Parliament (2001–2006)

The Seventh Parliament was presided over as Speaker by Edward Ssekandi. The most controversial legislation passed during this period was the amendment of the constitution to remove presidential term limits.

Eighth Parliament (2006–2011)

This was a continuation of the Seventh Parliament, with Edward Ssekandi as speaker and Rebecca Kadaga as deputy speaker.

Party Constituency Women Appointed Total
seats
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
National Resistance Movement 141 58 14 213
Forum for Democratic Change 27 10 0 37
Uganda People's Congress 9 0 0 9
Democratic Party 8 0 0 8
Conservative Party 1 0 0 1
Justice Forum 1 0 0 1
Independents 28 11 1 40
Uganda People's Defence Force Representatives 10 10
Total 215 79 25 319
Registered voters/turnout 10,450,788 68
Source: IPU

Ninth Parliament (2011–2016)

The Ninth Parliament was presided over by Rebecca Kadaga as speaker, and Jacob Oulanyah as deputy speaker.

Party Constituency Women Appointed Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
National Resistance Movement 3,883,209 49.22 164 3,803,608 51.56 86 13 263 +50
Forum for Democratic Change 1,070,109 13.56 23 1,242,218 16.84 11 0 34 –3
Democratic Party 476,415 6.04 11 325,660 4.41 1 0 12 +4
Uganda People's Congress 265,568 3.37 7 237,477 3.22 3 0 10 +1
Justice Forum 50,120 0.64 1 10,796 0.15 0 0 1 0
Conservative Party 48,276 0.61 1 1,084 0.01 0 0 1 0
Uganda Federal Alliance 23,585 0.30 0 34,346 0.47 0 0 0
People's Progressive Party 15,692 0.20 0 26,320 0.36 0 0 0
Forum for Integrity in Leadership 8,871 0.11 0 0 0
Social Democratic Party 5,664 0.07 0 0 0
Popular People's Democracy 3,399 0.04 0 0 0
People's Development Party 2,526 0.03 0 1,853 0.03 0 0 0
Liberal Democratic Transparency 2,035 0.03 0 3,997 0.05 0 0 0
Green Partisan Party 297 0.00 0 0 0
Uganda Economic Party 207 0.00 0 0 0
Independents 2,034,250 25.78 30 1,689,389 22.90 11 2 43 +3
Uganda People's Defence Force 10 10 0
Vacant 1 1
Total 7,890,223 100 238 7,376,749 100 112 25 375 +56
Source: Election Passport, UC

Tenth Parliament (2016–present)

In the Tenth Parliament, Rebecca Kadaga and Jacob Oulanyah remained in their posts as speaker and deputy speaker respectively.

Ouganda Parlement 2016.svg
Party Constituency Women Appointed Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
National Resistance Movement 3,945,000 48.88 199 3,566,617 48.95 84 10 293 +30
Forum for Democratic Change 1,027,648 12.73 29 929,680 12.76 7 0 36 +2
Democratic Party 349,962 4.34 13 246,284 3.38 2 0 15 +3
Uganda People's Congress 172,781 2.14 4 236,164 3.24 2 0 6 –4
Justice Forum 20,089 0.25 0 16,741 0.23 0 0 0 0
Ugandan Federal Alliance 18,146 0.22 0 0 0 0
Conservative Party 10,792 0.13 0 2,902 0.04 0 0 0 0
Social Democratic Party 5,972 0.07 0 0 0 0
Republican Women and Youth Party 2,311 0.03 0 8,502 0.12 0 0 0 0
People's Progressive Party 2,185 0.03 0 16,720 0.23 0 0 0 0
Uganda Patriotic Movement 470 0.01 0 0 0 0
Activist Party 175 0.00 0 0 0 0
Independents 2,515,163 31.16 44 2,261,897 31.05 17 5 66 +23
Uganda People's Defence Force 10 10 0
Invalid/blank votes
Total 8,070,694 100 289 7,285,687 100 112 25 426 +51
Registered voters/turnout 15,277,198 15,277,198
Source: EC, Election Passport

2017 Parliament fight

On September 27, 2017, a fight ensued during a legislative session of the Ugandan parliament. The legislation in discussion at the time was to remove the presidential age limit of 75 from the Ugandan constitution. Following accusations from the parliamentary speaker against certain lawmakers in the chamber of disorderly conduct, a full-fledged fight broke out in which chairs were thrown, microphone stands used as clubs, and eventual removal of some members by plain clothes security officers.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Functions of The Parliament of Uganda". The Parliament of Uganda. Archived from the original on 2012-04-19.
  2. ^ "Constitution" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Electoral handbook" (PDF).
  4. ^ "IFES Election Guide | Elections: Uganda National Assembly 2021". www.electionguide.org.
  5. ^ "Composition of Uganda's Parliament". The Parliament of Uganda. Archived from the original on 2018-04-21. Retrieved 2014-12-13.
  6. ^ "Chronology of the Parliaments of Uganda". Archived from the original on 2017-10-29. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
  7. ^ AP Archive. "Fighting in parliament as Uganda ejects MPs". YouTube. Retrieved 16 March 2020.

External links


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