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Party of Action and Solidarity

Action and Solidarity Party

Partidul Acțiune și Solidaritate
AbbreviationPAS
PresidentIgor Grosu (Acting)
Secretary-GeneralAndrei Spînu
FoundedMay 2016
HeadquartersChișinău, Moldova
Membership (2018)8,113
IdeologyLiberalism[1][2]
Pro-Europeanism
Political positionCentre-right
National affiliationNow Platform[3]
European affiliationEuropean People's Party (observer)[4]
Parliament
15 / 101
District Presidents
1 / 32
Website
unpaspentru.md

The Action and Solidarity Party (Romanian: Partidul Acțiune și Solidaritate, PAS) is a liberal[1][2] pro-EU political party in the Republic of Moldova. The PAS was founded by the former Minister of Education of Moldova and current president, Maia Sandu. The party was constituted on grounds of voluntary association of the citizens.[clarification needed]

According to its statute, PAS is a centre-right party that shares and promotes the new liberalism doctrine.[5]

History

Formation

The party was created amid the 2015–2016 protests in Moldova and growing dissatisfaction with the ruling parties among citizens. On 23 December 2015, Maia Sandu posted a YouTube video in which she announced her intention to form a new political party. Her stated reason for doing so was the creation of a grassroots party, that would function based on the principles of internal democracy and would be financed through small donations.[6] Sandu was elected as leader of the PAS on 15 May 2016 and the party was officially registered by the Ministry of Justice on 26 May. At the time of registration, the party had 7500 members and 20 local organizations[7]

In coalition government: June 2019–November 2019

In the 2019 Moldovan parliamentary election, the PAS participated as a member of the NOW electoral alliance, which gathered 26.8% of the votes. After the alliance split into two separate parliamentary groups, the PAS ended up with 15 seats. On 6 June, the Party announced that it was ready to form a coalition government with the pro-Russian Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova(PSRM) with the goal of freeing state institutions, which in their opinion were under oligarchic control. After the coalition was formed, PSRM leader Zinaida Greceanîi was elected as Speaker of the Parliament and the Sandu Cabinet was inaugurated.[8] Largely because of the significant ideological differences between the ruling parties, the government only lasted for 5 months and was ousted on 12 November after the PSRM and the Democratic Party of Moldova voted in favor of a motion of no confidence.[9]

In opposition: November 2019–present

After the ousting of the Sandu cabinet, the PAS has been in Opposition. In the 2020 Moldovan presidential election the party’s candidate and leader, Maia Sandu, was elected as President of Moldova. According to Moldovan law, the president cannot be a member of a political party which resulted in Sandu resigning from the office of party president and renouncing her party membership. Until the next party congress, the post of PAS president is held by first vice president Igor Grosu on an interim basis.[10]

Political positions

Economic policies

According to its program, the PAS supports the idea of an economy based on private initiative and is in favor of a significant reduction of bureaucracy in all stages of business.[11] In the 2020 Moldovan presidential election campaign, the party’s candidate, Maia Sandu, proposed raising the minimum pension to 2,000 lei (around 117 USD). [12]

Foreign policy

The PAS supports the integration of Moldova into the European Union, establishing a strategic partnership with the United States and maintaining a normal and non-confrontational relationship with Russia. The party supports strengthening Moldova’s relationship with Romania but does not explicitly endorse the unification of Romania and Moldova.[11][13]

Leadership

Name
Image Term start Term end Duration
1 Maia Sandu Maia Sandu (2019) II.jpg 15 May 2016 10 December 2020 4 years, 6 months and 25 days
2 Igor Grosu
(Acting)
Igor Grosu (cropped).jpg 10 December 2020 Incumbent 2 months and 13 days

Election results

Presidential elections

Year Candidate First round Second round
Votes % Rank Votes % Rank
2016 Maia Sandu 549,152 38.71 2nd 766,593 47.89 2nd
2020 Maia Sandu 487,635 36.16 1st 943,006 57.72 1st

Legislative elections

Year Alliance Votes % Seats +/− Government
2019 ACUM 380,181 26.84
15 / 101
Increase 14 PDM-PSRM

References

  1. ^ a b "Program-PAS" (PDF). unpaspentru.md. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Moldova". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Lansarea Angajamentelor ACUM". acum.md. 9 February 2019. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Action and Solidarity Party and Platform "Dignity and Truth" become members of European People's Party". moldova.org. 5 December 2017.
  5. ^ "Statute of the Political party 'Party of Action and Solidarity'" (PDF). PAS. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  6. ^ "(ȘTIREA ZILEI) Maia Sandu anunță formarea unei MIȘCĂRI pentru crearea unui nou partid politic". timpul.md (in Romanian). 23 December 2015. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  7. ^ "(doc) Partidul Acțiune și Solidaritate/PAS a fost înregistrat oficial la Ministerul Justiției". diez.md (in Romanian). 26 May 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  8. ^ "Distopie politică la Chișinău. PAS acceptă colaborarea cu PSRM". dw.com (in Romanian). 6 June 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  9. ^ "Moldovan parliament approves Ion Chicu as new prime minister". reuters.com. 14 November 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  10. ^ "Maia Sandu leaves PAS". ipn.md. 10 December 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  11. ^ a b "THE PROGRAM OF THE POLITICAL PARTY "ACTION AND SOLIDARITY PARTY" (PAS)" (PDF). 15 May 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  12. ^ "Program". Maia Sandu Președinte 2020 (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  13. ^ "STATUTUL PARTIDULUI POLITIC „PARTIDUL ACŢIUNE ŞI SOLIDARITATE" (PAS)" (PDF) (in Romanian). 15 May 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2020.

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