wanweipedia

Party of the European Left

Party of the European Left

Partei der Europäischen Linken
Parti de la Gauche Européenne
Partito della Sinistra Europea
Partido de la Izquierda Europea
Partido da Esquerda Europeia
Κόμμα Ευρωπαϊκής Αριστεράς
Avrupa Sol Partisi
Il-Partit Ewropew tax-Xellug
PresidentHeinz Bierbaum [Wikidata] (DE)
Leader in the EPGabriele Zimmer (DE)
Founded8–9 May 2004;
14 years ago
HeadquartersSquare de Meeûs 25,
1000 Brussels, Belgium
Think tankTransform Europe[1]
Women's wingEL FEM
IdeologyDemocratic socialism[2]
Communism[2]
Soft Euroscepticism
Political positionLeft-wing to far-left
European Parliament groupEuropean United Left–Nordic Green Left
Colours Maroon
European Parliament
28 / 751
European Council
0 / 28
European Lower Houses
344 / 9,874
European Upper Houses
27 / 2,714
Website
www.european-left.org Edit this at Wikidata

The Party of the European Left (PEL), commonly abbreviated European Left, is a European political party that operates as an association of democratic socialist[2] and communist[2] political parties in the European Union and other European countries. It was formed in January 2004 for the purposes of running in the 2004 European Parliament elections. The PEL was founded on 8–9 May 2004 in Rome.[3] The elected MEPs from member parties of the PEL sit in the European United Left–Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL) group in the European Parliament.

Several member and observer parties participate also in the more radical European Anti-Capitalist Left. Before the PEL was founded, most of its members already held annual meetings together as part of the New European Left Forum (NELF).[4]

The current president is the German politician and economist Heinz Bierbaum [Wikidata][5] The four Vice-Presidents are Maite Mola [es], Margarita Mileva, Paolo Ferrero and former PEL President Pierre Laurent. Swiss Brigitte Berthouzoz serves as the new EL treasurer.[6]

As of December 2016, the Party of the European Left gathers 27 member parties, 8 observers and 3 partners from 25 European countries.

Membership

Member parties

Country Party National MPs European MEPs
 Austria Communist Party of Austria
 Belarus Belarusian Left Party "A Just World"[7] Not in EU
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Left[8]
 Croatia Workers' Front
1 / 151
 Czech Republic The Left
 Denmark Red-Green Alliance[9]
13 / 179
1 / 14
 Estonia Estonian United Left Party
 Finland Communist Party of Finland[10]
Left Alliance[7]
16 / 200
1 / 13
 France French Communist Party
12 / 577
12 / 348
 Germany The Left[11]
69 / 709
4 / 69
5 / 96
 Greece Coalition of the Radical Left
86 / 300
6 / 21
 Hungary Workers' Party of Hungary 2006 - European Left[7]
 Italy Communist Refoundation Party
 Luxembourg The Left
2 / 60
 Moldova Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova Not in EU
 Portugal Left Bloc
19 / 230
2 / 21
 Romania Romanian Socialist Party
 Serbia Party of the Radical Left
0 / 250
Not in EU
 Slovenia The Left
9 / 90
 Spain United Left
5 / 350
0 / 266
2 / 54
Communist Party of Spain
4 / 350
0 / 266
United and Alternative Left
2 / 350
0 / 266
  Switzerland Swiss Party of Labour
1 / 200
Not in EU
 United Kingdom Left Unity[12] Not in EU

Observer parties

Country Party National MPs European MPs
 Belgium Mouvement Demain [fr; zh]
 Cyprus Progressive Party of Working People
16 / 56
2 / 6
 Czech Republic Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
15 / 200
1 / 21
 Italy Italian Left
2 / 630
1 / 315
 Northern Cyprus New Cyprus Party[13] Not in EU
United Cyprus Party[14]
 Slovakia Communist Party of Slovakia

Partners

 Austria Der Wandel
 France Ensemble!
Republic and Socialism
 Germany Marxist Left
 Hungary Táncsics – Radical Left Party
 United Kingdom Democratic Left Scotland

As well as those of member and observer parties, individuals may also hold membership of the party.[15]

Former members

Country Party
 Belgium Communist Party Stopped working as a Party in 2009, since December 2013 not listed as a Member.
Communist Party of Belgium Resignation decided at the party congress on 30 July 2018.[16]
 Czech Republic Party of Democratic Socialism Merged into The Left in 2020.
 France Left Party Left the EL on 1 July 2018.
United Left Merged with the French Communist Party in Fall 2015.
 Germany German Communist Party ended on 27 February 2016 the observer status.[17]
 Greece Renewing Communist Ecological Left Merged into Syriza in 2003.
 Hungary Hungarian Workers' Party Quit 1 May 2009.
 Italy Party of Italian Communists Dissolved in December 2014, which meant that the "observer status" was lost.
The Other Europe Dissolved in 2019, which meant that the "observer status" was lost.
 Poland Young Socialists Dissolved in 2015, which meant that the "observer status" was lost.

Party congresses

The party's first congress took place on 8 October 2005 in Athens, and produced the Athens Declaration of the European Left. The second congress was held 23–25 November 2007 in Prague.[18] The third congress was held on 2–5 December 2010 in Paris.[19][20][21] Its fourth congress was held on 13–15 December 2013 in Madrid.[22] Its fifth congress took place on 16–18 December 2016 in Berlin,[23] and elected German lawyer and politician Gregor Gysi as the new PEL President.

Leadership

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.europarl.europa.eu/pdf/grants/Grant_amounts_foundations%2003-2015_new%20logo.pdf
  2. ^ a b c d Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  3. ^ Kate Hudson (2012). The New European Left: A Socialism for the Twenty-First Century?. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 46. ISBN 978-1-137-26511-1.
  4. ^ "Some remarks concerning the creation of the Party of the European Left". Official European Left site. Archived from the original on 2 October 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  5. ^ "European Left Party elects Die Linke's Heinz Bierbaum as new president". Morning Star. 15 December 2019.
  6. ^ "Le 2eme Observatoire". 2e-observatoire.com. Retrieved 25 December 2019.
  7. ^ a b c Approved as a full member by the Executive Board of the PEL in Geneva in October 2009. "The EL Executive Board settles the agenda for 2010". Party of the European Left. 25 October 2009. Retrieved 7 December 2010. The decision was ratified by PEL's 3rd congress in December 2010. "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 October 2009. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
  8. ^ Approved as a full member by the Executive Board of the PEL in Luxembourg in September 2010. "Executive board met in Luxembourg: Countdown to the Congress". Party of the European Left. 15 September 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2010. The decision was ratified by PEL's 3rd congress in December 2010. "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 October 2009. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
  9. ^ Approved as a full member by the Executive Board of the PEL in Barcelona in June 2010. It had an observer status before. The decision was ratified by PEL's 3rd congress in December 2010. "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 October 2009. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
  10. ^ The Communist Party of Finland changed its status from observer to full member party in October 2009. The decision was ratified by PEL's 3rd congress in December 2010. "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 October 2009. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
  11. ^ The Left Party.PDS was a founding party of PEL. Labour and Social Justice – The Electoral Alternative had been approved as a full member by the Executive Board of the PEL by May 2007. After the unification of the two parties in The Left (Die Linke) in June 2007, the new party became full member of the PEL
  12. ^ "We will be part of the Party of the European Left group, which includes SYRIZA in Greece and Die Linke in Germany, and calls for a radically different type of European integration." Betzien, Jody (28 April 2014). "Britain: Left Unity spokesperson on challenges in building a new party". Green Left Weekly. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  13. ^ Approved in observer status by the Executive Board of the PEL in Geneva in October 2009. "Welcome to four new Members!". Party of the European Left. 25 October 2009. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  14. ^ Approved in observer status by the Executive Board of the PEL in Luxembourg in September 2010. "Executive board met in Luxembourg: Countdown to the Congress". Party of the European Left. 15 September 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
  15. ^ "EL statute, article six". european-left.org. Archived from the original on 8 September 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  16. ^ Pourquoi le PCB a quitté le Parti de la Gauche Européenne (PGE) — Official statement on the party website.
  17. ^ ELP-Beobachterstatus beendet – Bericht vom 3. Tag des XXI. Parteitag der DKP. Newswebsite of the Deutschen Kommunistischen Partei (DKP).
  18. ^ Press release of the EL Executive Board meeting in Tallinn, May 2007 Archived 1 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ "European Left convenes third congress in Paris". Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2010.
  20. ^ "Executive board met in Luxembourg: Countdown to the Congress". Party of the European Left. 15 September 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
  21. ^ "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 December 2010. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  22. ^ "Convention of the 4th Congress of the Party of the European Left". Party of the European Left. 12 January 2013. Archived from the original on 14 April 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  23. ^ "5th Congress – Berlin 2016". Party of the European Left. Retrieved 25 December 2019.

External links


This page was last updated at 2021-06-07 17:42, update this pageView original page

All information on this site, including but not limited to text, pictures, etc., are reproduced on Wikipedia (wikipedia.org), following the . Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License


Top

If the math, chemistry, physics and other formulas on this page are not displayed correctly, please useFirefox or Safari