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Pomor dialects

Pomor dialects[1]

Pomor dialects are a group of Northern Russian dialects widespread among the Pomors of the former Arkhangelsk Governorate and northern parts of the Olonets and Vologda Governorates.

The dialects are heavily influenced by the Old Novgorod dialect and there are a significant number of archaisms and borrowings from Uralic and Scandinavian languages.

Modern situation

Pomor is now a dying form of speech and only a few thousand speakers remain. There is no education in Pomor and only way to learn it is by self study. Most parents teach their children standard Russian and not Pomor. Pomor is almost extinct in Karelia and Murmansk and small communities exist in Arkhangelsk. But there has been fresh interest in Pomor and there are revival efforts.[2]

History

The Novgorod dialect spoken in the Kievan Rus was the predecessor to the Pomor language, beginning its development when settlers from Novgorod begun settling next to the white sea. The Uralic people of Bjarmia changed to Pomor in a five-century-long process, through this, Pomor gained many loans from the Uralic languages. The Pomor people were traders and from that Pomor gained a number of loans from the North-Germanic languages. During the era of Stalin, he tried to integrate the Pomors to speak standard Russian and thought that most Pomors changed to speaking standard Russian. Now only a few thousand people know Pomor.

Study

The study of the Pomor dialects was undertaken by I. S. Merkuryev (1924-2001), a professor of philology and author of several books including Живая речь кольских поморов ("The Living Speech of the Kola Peninsula Pomors").

Pomor dialects in literature

The Pomor dialects are widely used in the works of the writers and folklorists Boris Shergin and Stepan Pisakhov. Influences from them can be seen in the poetry of Nikolai Klyuev.

Pomor dialects in film

Pomor dialects are spoken in the animated films of Leonid Nosyrev (Леонид Викторович Носырев), many of which are adaptations of stories by Shergin and Pisakhov. One example is Laughter and Grief by the White Sea (1987).


Notes

  1. ^ Русские. Монография Института этнологии и антропологии
  2. ^ "Ket työ oletta, pomorit?". omamua.ru. Retrieved 2020-02-03.

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