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Prime Minister of Montenegro

President of the Government of Montenegro
Coat of arms of Montenegro (seal).svg
PM Krivokapić (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Zdravko Krivokapić

since 4 December 2020
AppointerParliament of Montenegro
Term lengthNo term limit
Inaugural holderBožo Petrović-Njegoš
Formation20 March 1879
Salary15,522 USD annually[1]
Websitewww.gov.me

The Prime Minister of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Премијер Црне Горе / Premijer Crne Gore) officially President of the Government of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Предсједник Владе Црне Горе / Predsjednik Vlade Crne Gore), is the head of the Government of Montenegro. The role of the Prime Minister is to direct the work of the Government, and to submit to the Parliament the Government's Program, including a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the prime minister will cause the dissolution of his Government.

The current prime minister, Zdravko Krivokapić, an Independent candidate, was elected by the Parliament of Montenegro on 4 December 2020, following the results of the 2020 Montenegrin parliamentary election.

History of the office

The first modern Montenegrin government was established on March 20, 1879, during the Principality of Montenegro. The title of the head of government was President of the Ministerial Council (Предсједниk Министарског савјета).

On August 28, 1910 Montenegro was proclaimed a Kingdom. During both the Principality and the Kingdom, the office was of no major importance or influence but depended solely on the will of the Sovereign Nikola I. After the capitulaion of Montenegro to the Central Powers on January 15, 1916 during World War I, the Government went into exile and remained abroad until it ceased to exist. After the decision of the Podgorica Assembly on November 26, 1918 to unify Montenegro with Serbia and the subsequent formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Stojan Protić became the prime minister of the newly formed Kingdom on December 20, 1918. However, the deposed King Nikola I continued to appoint prime ministers of Montenegro in exile until his death in 1921. The Government of Montenegro in exile ceased to exist shortly afterwards, in 1922.

Under the communist regime, Montenegro obtained its own government on March 7, 1945. On that day, a ministry for Montenegro was created within the government of Yugoslavia (as for all the other five republics), with a minister for Montenegro in charge of creating the first real government of post-war Montenegro, which took place on April 17, 1945. Governments were headed by a prime minister until February 4, 1953, by a president of the Executive Council until January 15, 1991, and again by a prime minister since then.

List of prime ministers

Monarchy

 True People's Party  People's Party  Non-party

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Monarch
Took office Left office Time in office
Principality of Montenegro Nikola I
Nicholas I, King of Montenegro, 1841-1921, head and shoulders portrait, facing left LCCN2005680731.jpg
(1860–1921)
1 Bozo Petrovic-Njegos portrait.tif Vojvoda
Božo Petrović-Njegoš
(1846–1929)
20 March 1879 19 December 1905 26 years,

272 days

Independent
2 Lazar Mijušković.jpg Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
19 December 1905 24 November 1906 340 days True People's Party
3 Marko Radulović.jpg Marko Radulović
(1866–1935)
24 November 1906 1 February 1907 69 days People's Party
4 Andrija Radovic.jpg Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
1 February 1907 17 April 1907 75 days People's Party
5 Dr Lazar Tomanović .jpg Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
17 April 1907 28 August 1910 3 years,

132 days

Independent
Kingdom of Montenegro
(5) Dr Lazar Tomanović .jpg Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
28 August 1910 19 June 1912 1 year,

295 days

Independent
6 Mitar Martinovich Min of Montenegro.jpg Vojvoda
Mitar Martinović
(1870–1954)
19 June 1912 8 May 1913 323 days True People's Party
7 Brigadir Janko Vukotic.jpg Serdar
Janko Vukotić
(1866–1927)
8 May 1913 16 July 1915 2 years,

68 days

Independent
8 Milo Matanović.jpg General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
16 July 1915 2 January 1916 170 days Independent
(2) Lazar Mijuškovic 1916.jpg Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
2 January 1916 25 January 1916 23 days True People's Party
Montenegrin government-in-exile.
(2) Lazar Mijuškovic 1916.jpg Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
25 January 1916 12 May 1916 108 days True People's Party
(4) Andrija Radovic.jpg Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
12 May 1916 17 January 1917 245 days People's Party
(8) Milo Matanović.jpg General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
17 January 1917 11 June 1917 150 days Independent
9 Evgenije Popović.jpg Evgenije Popović
(1842–1931)
11 June 1917 17 February 1919 1 year,

249 days

Independent
10 Anto Gvozdenović (cropped).jpg General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
17 February 1919 1 March 1921 2 years,

12 days

Independent
11 Jovan S. Plamenac.jpg Jovan Plamenac
(1873–1944)
1 March 1921 13 January 1922 318 days True People's Party Michael
Mihailo Petrovich Negosh.jpg
(1921–1922)
12 Milutin Vučinić.jpg General
Milutin Vučinić
(1869–1922)
13 January 1922 13 February 1922 31 days True People's Party
(10) Anto Gvozdenović (cropped).jpg General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
13 February 1922 13 July 1922 150 days Independent
From 1922 until 1941 territory of Montenegro was part of Zeta oblast and later banovina within Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Socialist Republic

 Communist Party / League of Communists

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister for Montenegro
Milovan Đilas.jpg Milovan Đilas
(1911–1995)
7 March 1945 17 April 1945 41 days Communist Party
Prime Minister of NR Montenegro
1
(13)
Blažo Jovanović.jpg General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
17 April 1945 4 February 1953 7 years,

291 days

Communist Party
(party renamed)
League of Communists
(party renamed)
President of the Executive Council
1
(13)
Blažo Jovanović.jpg General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
4 February 1953 16 December 1953 315 days League of Communists
2
(14)
Filip Bajkovic.jpg Filip Bajković
(1910–1985)
16 December 1953 12 July 1962 8 years,

208 days

League of Communists
3
(15)
Đorđije Pajković.jpg Đorđije Pajković
(1917–1980)
12 July 1962 25 June 1963 348 days League of Communists
4
(16)
Veselin Đuranović.jpg Veselin Đuranović
(1925–1997)
25 June 1963 8 December 1966 3 years,

165 days

League of Communists
5
(17)
Mijuško Šibalić.jpg Mijuško Šibalić
(1915–1995)
8 December 1966 5 May 1967 148 days League of Communists
6
(18)
Vidoje Zarkovic.jpg Vidoje Žarković
(1927–2000)
5 May 1967 7 October 1969 2 years,

154 days

League of Communists
7
(19)
Unknown-person.gif Žarko Bulajić
(1922–2009)
7 October 1969 6 May 1974 4 years,

211 days

League of Communists
8
(20)
Marko Orlandić.jpg Marko Orlandić
(1930–2019)
6 May 1974 28 April 1978 3 years,

356 days

League of Communists
9
(21)
Momčilo Cemović.jpg Momčilo Cemović
(1928–2001)
28 April 1978 7 May 1982 4 years,

9 days

League of Communists
10
(22)
Radivoje Brajović.jpg Radivoje Brajović
(1935–)
7 May 1982 6 June 1986 4 years,

30 days

League of Communists
11
(23)
Unknown-person.gif Vuko Vukadinović
(1937–1993)
6 June 1986 29 March 1989 2 years,

296 days

League of Communists
12
(24)
Stevan Kragujevic,Radoje Kontic, jugoslovenski i crnogorski politicar.JPG Radoje Kontić
(1937–)
29 March 1989 15 February 1991 1 year,

321 days

League of Communists

Republic

 Democratic Party of Socialists  Independent

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party President
Took office Left office Time in office
Republic of Montenegro
1
(25)
Milo Đukanović in 2010 (cropped).jpg Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
1990
1992
1996
15 February 1991 5 February 1998 6 years,

355 days

Democratic Party of Socialists Momir Bulatović
Momir Bulatović (cropped).jpg
(1990–1998)
2
(26)
Filip Vujanović June 2015 (cropped).jpg Filip Vujanović
(1954–)
1998
2001
5 February 1998 8 January 2003 4 years,

337 days

Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
Milo Đukanović.jpg
(1998–2002)
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović in 2010 (cropped).jpg Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2002 8 January 2003 21 May
2006
3 years,

134 days

Democratic Party of Socialists Filip Vujanović
FilipVujanovic.jpg
(2003–2018)
Independent Montenegro
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović in 2010 (cropped).jpg Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
 — 21 May
2006
10 November 2006 173 days Democratic Party of Socialists
3
(27)
Unknown-person.gif Željko Šturanović
(1960–2014)
2006 10 November 2006 29 February 2008 1 year,

110 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović in 2010 (cropped).jpg Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2009 29 February 2008 29 December 2010 2 years,

304 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
4
(28)
Luksic portrait.jpg Igor Lukšić
(1976–)
 — 29 December 2010 4 December 2012 1 year,

339 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović in 2010 (cropped).jpg Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2012 4 December 2012 28 November
2016
3 years,

358 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
5
(29)
Duško Marković.jpg Duško Marković
(1958–)
2016 28 November
2016
4 December 2020 4 years, 6 days Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
Milo Đukanović.jpg
(2018–present)
6
(30)
Zdravko Krivokapić
(1958–)
2020 4 December 2020 Present 81 days Independent

Living former prime ministers

Name Term Date of birth
Radivoje Brajović 1982–1986 (1935-01-11) January 11, 1935 (age 86)
Radoje Kontić 1989–1991 (1937-05-31) May 31, 1937 (age 83)
Milo Đukanović 1991–1998,
2003–2006,
2008–2010,
2012–2016
(1962-02-15) February 15, 1962 (age 59)
Filip Vujanović 1998–2003 (1954-09-01) September 1, 1954 (age 66)
Igor Lukšić 2010–2012 (1976-06-14) June 14, 1976 (age 44)
Duško Marković 2016–2020 (1958-07-06) July 6, 1958 (age 62)

The most recent deaths of a former prime minister of Montenegro is that of Željko Šturanović (2006–2008) in 2014, and Marko Orlandić (1974–1978) in 2019.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kosovo's PM is the highest paid in the region". 19 August 2018.

External links


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