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List of prime ministers of Somalia Redirected from Prime Minister of Somalia

Prime Minister of the
Federal Republic of Somalia
Ra'iisul wasaaraha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliyeed
Flag of Somalia.svg
Mohamed Hussein Roble (cropped).png
Incumbent
Mohamed Hussein Roble

since 23 September 2020
StyleHis Excellency
AppointerPresident of Somalia
Formation29 February 1956
First holderAbdullahi Issa (as the Prime Minister of the Trust Territory of Somaliland)
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister of Somalia
Websitehttps://opm.gov.so/en

This is a list of prime ministers of Somalia. The Prime Minister of Somalia (Somali: Ra'iisul wasaaraha Soomaaliya) is the head of government of Somalia. There have been 20 official prime ministers since the office was created in 1956. The first Prime Minister was Abdullahi Issa, who served prior to independence in the Trust Territory of Somaliland. The current Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Somalia is Mohamed Hussein Roble, after being approved by Parliament on 23 September 2020[1] following the resignation of Hassan Ali Khaire on 25 July 2020.[2][3]

List

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Election
Took office Left office Time in office
Flag of Italy.svgTrust Territory of Somaliland (1956–1960) • Italian Somaliland COA.svg
Abdullahi Issa
Abdullahi Issa
(1921–1988)
29 February 19561 July 19604 years, 123 daysSYL1956
1959
Flag of Somalia.svgSomali Republic (1960–1969) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
1
Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
(1928–2002)
1 July 196012 July 196011 daysSYL
2
Abdirashid Shermarke
Abdirashid Shermarke
(1919–1969)
12 July 196014 June 19646 years, 337 daysSYL
3
Abdirizak Haji Hussein
Abdirizak Haji Hussein
(1924–2014)
14 June 196415 July 196731 daysSYL1964
(2)
Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
(1928–2002)
[a]
15 July 196721 October 19692 years, 98 daysSYL1969
Flag of Somalia.svgSomali Democratic Republic (1969–1991) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
Post Abolished (21 October 1969–1 February 1987)
5
Mohammad Ali Samatar
Mohammad Ali Samatar
(1931–2016)
1 February 19873 September 19903 years, 214 daysSRSP
6
Hawadle Madar
Hawadle Madar
(1939–2005)
[b]
3 September 199024 January 1991143 daysSRSP
Flag of Somalia.svgInterim Government of Somalia (1991–1997) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
7
Umar Ghalib
Umar Ghalib
(1930–2020)
[c]
24 January 1991May 1993
(De facto to 3 January 1997)
5 years, 345 daysUSC
Vacant (May 1993–8 October 2000)[c]
Flag of Somalia.svgTransitional national government of Somalia (2000–2004) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
8
Ali Khalif Galaydh
Ali Khalif Galaydh
(1941–2020)
8 October 200028 October 20011 year, 20 daysIndependent
Osman Jama Ali
Osman Jama Ali
(born 1941)
Acting
28 October 200112 November 200115 daysIndependent
9
Hassan Abshir Farah
Hassan Abshir Farah
(1945–2020)
12 November 20018 December 20032 years, 26 daysIndependent
10
[[File:
Maxamed Cabdi Yuusuf.jpg
|100px|Muhammad Abdi Yusuf]]
Muhammad Abdi Yusuf
(born 1941)
8 December 200323 December 20041 year, 15 daysIndependent
Flag of Somalia.svgTransitional federal government of Somalia (2004–2012) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
11
Ali Mohammed Ghedi
Ali Mohammed Ghedi
(born 1952)
23 December 200430 October 2007
(Resigned)
2 years, 311 daysIndependent
Salim Aliyow Ibrow
Salim Aliyow Ibrow
(born 1942)
Acting
30 October 200724 November 200725 daysIndependent
12
Nur Hassan Hussein
Nur Hassan Hussein
(1937–2020)
24 November 200714 February 20091 year, 82 daysIndependent
13
Omar Sharmarke
Omar Sharmarke
(born 1960)
14 February 200924 September 20101 year, 222 daysIndependent
Abdiwahid Gonjeh
Abdiwahid Gonjeh
(born 1962)
Acting
24 September 20101 November 201038 daysIndependent
14
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
(born 1962)
1 November 201019 June 2011230 daysIndependent
15
Abdiweli Gaas
Abdiweli Gaas
(born 1965)
19 June 201120 August 20121 year, 62 daysIndependent
Flag of Somalia.svgFederal Republic of Somalia (2012–present) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
Abdiweli Gaas
Abdiweli Gaas
(born 1965)
Acting
20 August 201217 October 201258 daysIndependent
16
Abdi Farah Shirdon
Abdi Farah Shirdon
(born 1958)
17 October 201221 December 20131 year, 65 daysIndependent
17
Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed
Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed
(born 1959)
21 December 201324 December 20141 year, 3 daysIndependent
(13)
Omar Sharmarke
Omar Sharmarke
(born 1960)
24 December 20141 March 20172 years, 67 daysIndependent2016
19
Hassan Ali Khaire
Hassan Ali Khaire
(born 1968)
1 March 201725 July 20203 years, 146 daysIndependent
Mahdi Mohammed Gulaid
Mahdi Mohammed Gulaid
(born 1973)
Acting
25 July 202023 September 202060 daysIndependent
20
Mohamed Hussein Roble
Mohamed Hussein Roble
(born 1963)
23 September 2020Incumbent261 daysIndependent

Notes

  1. ^ Deposed in the 1969 Somali coup d'état.
  2. ^ Deposed in the Somali Rebellion.
  3. ^ a b From November 1991 to 2000, there was no recognized central government. The southern part of the country was controlled by different faction leaders; notably General Mohamed Farrah Aidid, who claimed to be President from 15 June 1995 to his death on 1 August 1996, followed by his son Hussein Farrah Aidid from 4 August 1996 to 20 March 1998. Decentralization took place in other areas, characterized by a return to customary and religious law in many places as well as the establishment of autonomous regional governments in the northern part of the country.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Somalia Parliament Approves New Prime Minister | Voice of America - English". www.voanews.com.
  2. ^ "Somalia's parliament votes to remove PM Hassan Ali Khaire". Al Jazeera. 25 July 2020. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
  3. ^ Sheikh, Abdi (25 July 2020). "Somalia's parliament ousts prime minister in no-confidence vote". Reuters. Retrieved 30 August 2020.

References


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