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Renewal (Transnistria)

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Republican Party "Obnovlenie"
ChairmanMikhail Burla
Founded2000 (2000)
HeadquartersBuilding 192, 3300 9 January Street, Tiraspol, Transnistria
Membership5,000[citation needed]
Ideology
Political positionCentre[3]
ColoursRed and green (colours of the flag of Transnistria)
Slogan"For a dignified life and people's prosperity!"
Seats in the Supreme Council
29 / 33
Website
www.obnovlenie.info

Obnovlenie (Cyrillic: Обновление; Russian for "Renewal"), officially the Republican Party "Obnovlenie",[note 1] is a political party in the unrecognized state of Transnistria.[4] It has been the parliamentary majority in the Supreme Council since 2005.

History

The party was founded as a political non-governmental organization in 2000. Then in the legislative elections of 10 December 2000, it won 7 out of 43 seats.

In the 27 March 2005 local council elections, the party campaigned under the current name above, and won the majority of the seats for the first time in its five-year history.[5] It improved on 11 December 2005 to win 23 of those 43 seats (with another 6 seats going to allies). Since the legislative elections of 2005, it is the majority party in the Supreme Council. The party's leaders in parliament during 2005 were Mikhail Burla and Yevgeny Shevchuk. The latter was elected speaker (chairman) of parliament following the party's sweeping December 2005 win.

It was officially registered as a full political party in June 2006.[6]

There was a debate regarding the position of Obnovlenie in regards to Transnistrian president Igor Smirnov. Most analysts pointed to the party's opposition status, noting that it was not allied with Smirnov, whose party, Respublika, lost several seats to Obnovlenie in the 2005 parliamentary election.[7][8][9][10][11] However, others claim that the interests of the "Smirnov faction" are represented in all political movements of Transnistria, including Obnovlenie.[12]

Obnovlenie strengthened their majority in the 2010 elections to 25 seats. In the 2011 presidential election, deputy party chairman Anatoliy Kaminski ran against incumbent Smirnov and Shevchuk, who ran as an independent. Shevchuk defeated Kaminski in the run-off.

During Shevchuk's presidency, Obnovlenie held a majority in the Supreme Council of Transnistria and was mildly opposed to his policies. On 25 December 2012, the Supreme Council voted against a new state budget proposed by the government.[13][14] Thus Transnistria is currently functioning without adopted state budget for the first time in its history. In spite of attempts to find compromise and formation of the joint commission to resolve conflict, these attempts did not lead to any results. Between 2012 and 2013, members of the Supreme Council from Obnovlenie voted against a number of important bills proposed by President Shevchuk and Prime Minister Pyotr Stepanov, including bills aimed to reform the Internal Revenue Code and introduce value-added taxation in Transnistria.[15]

In the 2015 legislative elections, Obnovlenie strengthened their majority by winning 10 more seats in the Supreme Council. Their candidate for the 2016 presidential election, Vadim Krasnoselsky, was also victorious, defeating the incumbent Shevchuk with 62.3% of the vote.[citation needed]

Electoral results

Parliamentary

Supreme Council
Election year Seats +/– Government
2000
7 / 43
Opposition
2005
23 / 43
Increase 16 Majority
2010
25 / 43
Increase 2 Majority
2015
35 / 43
Increase 10 Majority
2020
29 / 33
Decrease 6 Majority

Presidential

Election year Candidate Votes % Position Result
2011 Anatoliy Kaminski 44,071 19.67 2nd Not elected
2016 Vadim Krasnoselsky 157,410 62.30 Increase 1st Elected

Notes

  1. ^
    • Romanian: Партидул Републицан «Реîнноире», romanized: Partidul Republican "Reînnoire"
    • Russian: Республиканская партия «Обновление»
    • Ukrainian: Республіканська партія «Оновлення»

References

  1. ^ "Сильная республика". www.obnovlenie.info (in Russian). Обновление. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Korobov, Vladimir; Byanov, Georgii (December 2006). "The 'Renewal' of Transnistria". Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics. 22 (4): 517–528. doi:10.1080/13523270601019581. S2CID 153984948. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  3. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2020). "Transnistria". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  4. ^ "Republic Party | Obnovlenie". www.eng.obnovlenie.info. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  5. ^ Background to the election: Sheriff and Renewal
  6. ^ International Crisis Group report - Moldova's uncertain future, page 10 Archived 12 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Moldova's uncertain future Archived 11 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Transnistria 2006: Is Regime Change Underway?
  9. ^ Political Crisis around the self-proclaimed republic of Transnistria
  10. ^ The Old Guard Wins in Transdniestria Archived 6 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Parliament Takes on Smirnov Over Pension Reform Archived 27 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Elections in Transnistria and the context in which they took place
  13. ^ Budget of Transnistria for 2013 is not enacted
  14. ^ The government of the breakaway region of Transnistria withdrew the draft budget for the next year from the Supreme Soviet
  15. ^ Supreme Council declined bill on reform of internal revenue code proposed by the President

External links


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