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Robert Slavin

Robert Edward Slavin (born 1950) is an American psychologist who studies educational and academic issues. He is known for the Success for All educational model. He is a distinguished professor and director of the Center for Research and Reform in Education at Johns Hopkins University.

Education and career

Slavin earned his BA at Reed College in 1972.[1] He went on to a PhD program at Johns Hopkins University, which he completed in 1975.[1] He remained at Johns Hopkins as a research scientist after his PhD, and spent most of his career there; since 2004 he has been a director at the Center for Research and Reform in Education at the same institution.[1] He also held a position at York University (simultaneous with Johns Hopkins) from 2007 until 2016, where he was founding director of the Institute for Effective Education.[1][2] He was appointed as the first Distinguished Professor at the School of Education at Johns Hopkins in 2020.[3]

Slavin has been a member of the National Academy of Education since 2009.[4]

Success for All

Slavin, together with Nancy Madden, developed the Success for All model of reform for elementary and middle schools beginning in 1986, after being approached by the superintendent of the Baltimore school system for help with troubled inner city schools. As of May 2005, the program was used in 1,300 schools in 47 states. A meta-analysis of school improvement programs rated it favorably.[5] However, most teachers participating in Success For All, even ones who strongly support the program, have been found to make substantial changes in implementation in contrast to the expectations of developers. Some teachers also reported that the program constrained their creativity and autonomy in their own classroom.[6]

His work includes research on classroom cooperative learning techniques including his 1980 paper "Cooperative Learning".[7] He has written surveys of the research literature on cooperative learning.[8]

Selected books

  • Slavin, Robert E. (1995). Cooperative Learning: Theory, Research, and Practice. Allyn and Bacon. ISBN 978-0-205-15630-6.
  • Slavin, Robert E.; Madden, Nancy A.; Chambers, Bette; Haxby, Barbara (2008). 2 Million Children: Success for All. Corwin Press. ISBN 978-1-4522-9466-7.
  • Slavin, Robert E. (2018). Educational Psychology: Theory and Practice (12th ed.). Pearson. ISBN 978-0-13-489510-9.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Robert Slavin, PhD (faculty profile)". School of Education. Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  2. ^ Curtis, Polly (September 4, 2007). "Bob Slavin: Which? doctor". The Guardian. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
  3. ^ "Robert Slavin named inaugural School of Education Distinguished Professor". Hub. Johns Hopkins University. November 5, 2020. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  4. ^ "Robert Slavin, member profile". National Academy of Education. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  5. ^ "School-by-School Reform | Success For All". Making Schools Work. PBS. 2005. Retrieved August 10, 2012.
  6. ^ Datnow, Amanda; Castellano, Marisa (2000). "Teachers' Responses to Success for All: How Beliefs, Experiences, and Adaptations Shape Implementation". American Educational Research Journal. 37 (3): 775–799. doi:10.3102/00028312037003775. S2CID 144943592.
  7. ^ Slavin, Robert E. (1980). "Cooperative Learning". Review of Educational Research. 50 (2): 315–342. doi:10.3102/00346543050002315. S2CID 220499018.
  8. ^ Slavin, Robert (1983). "When does cooperative learning increase student achievement?". Psychological Bulletin. 94 (3): 429–445. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.94.3.429.

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