万维百科英文版

Scissor gait

Scissor gait is a form of gait abnormality primarily associated with spastic cerebral palsy. That condition and others like it are associated with an upper motor neuron lesion.[1]

Presentation

This gait pattern[2] is reminiscent of a marionette. Hypertonia in the legs, hips and pelvis means these areas become flexed to various degrees, giving the appearance of crouching, while tight adductors produce extreme adduction, presented by knees and thighs hitting, or sometimes even crossing, in a scissors-like movement while the opposing muscles, the abductors, become comparatively weak from lack of use. Most common in patients with spastic cerebral palsy, the individual is often also forced to walk on tiptoe unless the plantarflexor muscles are released by an orthaepedic surgical procedure.

These features are most typical with the scissors gait and usually result in some form and to some degree regardless of the mildness or severity of the spastic CP condition:

  • rigidity and excessive adduction of the leg in swing
  • plantar flexion of the ankle
  • flexion at the knee
  • adduction and internal rotation at the hip
  • progressive contractures of all spastic muscles
  • complicated assisting movements of the upper limbs when walking.[3][4]

Conditions associated with a scissor gait

External links

References

  1. ^ Saint, Sanjay; Wiese, Jeff; Bent, Stephen (2006). Clinical clerkships: the answer book. Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 219. ISBN 0-7817-3754-0.
  2. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iPje7VDj7_k&NR=1 spastic diplegic gait on YouTube
  3. ^ Medline Plus
  4. ^ GP Notebook

本页面最后更新于2019-11-16 18:43,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基百科(wikipedia.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维百科为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,因此对部分内容进行改编以符合中国大陆政策,如果您不接受,可以直接访问维基百科官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器