wanweipedia

Sette Comuni

Altopiano dei Sette Comuni

The Sette Comuni, or Altopiano dei Sette Comuni (Cimbrian: Siben Komoin, German: Sieben Gemeinden), are seven comuni that formed a Cimbrian enclave in the Veneto region of north-east Italy. The place is also known as the Asiago Plateau, and it was the site of many battles during World War I. The most important comune is the city of Asiago, which gave its name to the cheese of the same name. Cimbrian, a dialect of Upper German, was the native tongue, and the area was ethnically and culturally distinct from the surrounding comuni.[1] The Sette Comuni are located in mountainous territory, ranging from 500 to 2300 metres above sea level.

Comuni

Coats of arms of the Sette Comuni on the municipal hall of Sleghe
Comune Cimbrian German Inhabitants Altitude (m) Notes
Asiago Sléghe/Schlège Schlägen 6533 1001
Enego Ghenébe/Jenève Jeneve 1927 800
Foza Vüsche/Vütsche Fütze 731 1083
Gallio Gell(e)/Ghèl Gelle 2331 1093
Lusiana Lusaan Lusian 2833 752
Roana Robàan Rovan or Rain 4245 994
Rotzo Rotz Ross 620 938
Conco Kunken 2252 830 the "eighth comune", a frazione of Lusiana until 1796

History

The plateau of the Sette comuni in a map of Giandomenico Dall'acqua of the Territory of Vicenza, 17th century

The seven comuni formed into a loose commonwealth in 1310. They were historically under the suzerainty of the Milanese House of Visconti and then under the Republic of Venice. Under both they enjoyed wide cultural and political autonomy in exchange for their loyalty. This autonomous status came to an end with the Napoleonic Wars and the demise of the Serenìsima in 1807.

World War I

Asiago destroyed during World War I
Austro-Hungarian soldiers in the woods of Sette Comuni (Mount Zebio)

During the First World War the territory was located along the border between the Kingdom of Italy and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Many battles took place here between 1915 and 1918. Almost all the towns were completely destroyed by the war.

Cimbrian

Map of north-east Italy showing where Cimbrian is spoken

Cimbrian has gone extinct in most of the comuni. Only in Robàan and its district of Mittebald/Toballe (Mittewald, Mezzaselva) has Cimbrian survived.

Robàan is home to the Agustin Prunner Cultural Institute, which is a repository of the Cimbrian culture and cooperates with other linguistic enclaves in Lusern, Fersental, Sappada, Sauris, the Thirteen Communities and Timau. Vestiges of the language are found in family and place names, which are mostly still Cimbrian.

See also

References

  1. ^ l'Altopiano di Asiago e la Spettabile Reggenza dei Sette Comuni (in Italian). magicoveneto.it. Accessed September 2013.

External links


This page was last updated at 2021-04-19 23:42, update this pageView original page

All information on this site, including but not limited to text, pictures, etc., are reproduced on Wikipedia (wikipedia.org), following the . Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License


Top

If the math, chemistry, physics and other formulas on this page are not displayed correctly, please useFirefox or Safari