Shö language

Native toBurma, Bangladesh
EthnicityAsho Chin
Native speakers
(50,000 cited 1983–2011)[1]
plus an unknown number of Shendu
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
cnb – Chinbon Chin
csh – Asho Chin
shl – Shendu
Glottologchin1478  Chinbon Chin
asho1236  Asho Chin
shen1247  Shendu

Shö is a Kuki-Chin language dialect cluster of Burma and Bangladesh. There are perhaps three distinct dialects, Asho (Khyang), Chinbon, and Shendu.

Mayin and Longpaw are not mutually intelligible, but have been subsumed under the ISO code for Chinbon because Mayin-Longpaw speakers generally understand Chinbon.[2] Minkya is similarly included because most Minkya speakers understand Mayin.[3]

Geographical distribution

Chinbon (Uppu) is spoken in the following townships of Myanmar (Ethnologue).

Asho is spoken in Ayeyarwady Region, Bago Region, and Magway Region, and Rakhine State, Myanmar.

VanBik (2009:38)[4] lists the following Asho dialects.

Shendu is spoken in Mizoram, India.


The Asho dialect (K’Chò) has 28 consonants and seven vowels.

Bilabial Labio-dental Inter-dental Alveolar Post-Alveolar Velar Glottal
V1 stops p pʰ ttʰ kkʰ ʔ
Ingressives ɓ ɗ
V1 Fricatives ʃ x h
Vd Fricatives v ʒ ɣ
V1 Affricates kx
Vd Affricates d ʒ k ɣ
Nasals m m̥ n (n̥) ŋ ŋ̊
Lateral l ɬ
Clusters pl pʰl
Front Center Back
Close i, iː ɨ, ɨː u, uː
Mid e, eː ə, əː ɔ, ɔː
Open a, aː

Diphthongs: əi, ai, ui, ɔi


Similar to other Kukish languages, many Asho verbs have two distinct stems. This stem alternation is a Proto-Kukish feature, which has been retained to different degrees in different Kukish languages.[5]


  1. ^ Chinbon Chin at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Asho Chin at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Shendu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ VanBik, Kenneth. 2009. Proto-Kuki-Chin: A Reconstructed Ancestor of the Kuki-Chin Languages. STEDT Monograph 8. ISBN 0-944613-47-0.
  5. ^ http://ic.payap.ac.th/graduate/linguistics/theses/Kee_Shein_Mang_Thesis.pdf

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