Shuangfeng dialect

Shuangfeng dialect
Native toChina
RegionShuangfeng, Hunan province
Language codes
ISO 639-3
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Shuangfeng dialect (simplified Chinese: 双峰话; traditional Chinese: 雙峰話; pinyin: shuāngfēng huà) is a dialect of Xiang Chinese, spoken in Shuangfeng County, Hunan province, China.



Consonants of the Shuangfeng dialect
  bilabial alveolar alveolo-palatal retroflex velar
nasal m n ɲ   ŋ
plosives voiced b d     ɡ
voiceless unaspirated p t     k
voiceless aspirated    
fricatives voiced         ɣ
voiceless   s ɕ ʂ x
affricates voiced   dz  
voiceless unaspirated   ts  
voiceless aspirated   tsʰ tɕʰ tʂʰ  
lateral approximants   l      


Vowels/Combinations of the Shuangfeng dialect
Oral Nasal
Medial coda a e i u n ŋ i
Nucleus əu ɒŋ æ̃
Vowel i ia ie iɛn iɒŋ ĩ
y ya ye yɛn
a an
o io
u ua ue ui uan
Syllabic ɹ̩


Phonemically, Shuangfeng dialect has three tones. Phonetically, however, the pitch of a syllable depends on the voicing of the initial consonant so the tones are counted as five:

Tone chart of the Shuangfeng dialect
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Description
1 yin ping (陰平) ˥ (55) high
2 yang ping (陽平) ˨˧ (23) low rising
3 shang sheng (上聲) ˨˩ (21) low
4 yin qu (陰去) ˧˥ (35) high rising
5 yang qu (陽去) ˧ (33) mid

See also


  • Běijīng dàxué zhōngguóyǔyánwénxuéxì yǔyánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) Hànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì. Běijīng: Wénzìgǎigé chūbǎnshè.(北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1989. 漢語方音字匯. 北京: 文字改革出版社)
  • Coblin, W. South. (2011). Comparative Phonology of the Central Xiāng Dialects. Taipei: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica.
  • Norman, Jerry. [1988] (2002). Chinese. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6
  • Wu, Yunji. (2005). A Synchronic and diachronic study of the grammar of the Chinese Xiang dialects. Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-018366-8
  • Yuán, jiāhuá (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì gǎigé chūbǎnshè. (袁家驊. 1989. 漢語方言概要. 北京:文字改革出版社.)

External links

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