Sirionó language

Mbia chẽẽ
Native toBolivia
RegionBeni Department, Santa Cruz Department (Bolivia)
EthnicitySirionó people, Yuqui people
Native speakers
500 (2004)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
srq – Sirionó
yuq – Yuqui (Yúki)
jor – Jorá (Hora)
Glottologsiri1279  Siriono–Jora
yuqu1240  Yuqui
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Sirionó (also Mbia Chee, Mbya, Siriono) is a Tupian (Tupi–Guarani, Subgroup II) language spoken by about 400 Sirionó people (50 are monolingual) and 120 Yuqui in eastern Bolivia (eastern Beni and northwestern Santa Cruz departments) in the village of Ibiato (Eviato) and along the Río Blanco in farms and ranches.


Sirionó has phonemic contrasts between front, central, and back, close and mid vowels, i.e.

Sirionó vowels
i ĩ ɨ ɨ̃ u ũ
e ẽ ə ə̃ o õ
a ã



  • Firestone, Homer L. (1965). Description and Classification of Sirionó. London: Mouton.
  • Gasparini, Noé; Mendez, Victor Hugo Dicarere (2015). Diccionario sirionó: sirionó - castellano - inglés y castellano - sirionó. Trinidad: Editorial Tiempos del Beni.
  • Holmberg, Allan. (1958). The Sirionó. In J. Steward (Ed.), Handbook of South American Indians: The Tropical Forest Tribes (Vol. 3, pp. 455–463. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  • Holmberg, Allan. (1969). Nomads of the Long Bow: The Sirionó of Eastern Bolivia (rev. ed.). Garden City, NY: Natural History Press.
  • Ingham, John M. (1971). Are the Siriono Raw or Cooked? American Anthropologist, 73 (5), 1092-1099.
  • Priest, Perry N.; Priest, Anne M.; & Grimes, Joseph E. (1961). Simultaneous Orderings in Sirionó (Guaraní). International Journal of American Linguistics, 27, 335-44.
  • Scheffler, Harold W. (1972). Systems of Kin Classification: A Structural Typology. In P. Reining (Ed.), Kinship Studies in the Morgan Centennial Year (pp. 111–33). Washington, D.C.: Anthropological Society of Washington.
  • Scheffler, Harold W.; & Lounsbury, Floyd G. (1971). A Study in Structural Semantics: The Sirionó Kinship System. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

External links

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