Taiwanese Hakka

Taiwanese Hakka
toiˇ vanˇ hagˋ gaˊ ngiˊ / toiˇ vanˇ hagˋ fa
Thòi-vàn Hak-kâ-ngî / Thòi-vàn Hak-fa
Sixian: [tʰoi˩ van˩ hak̚˨ fa˥]
Hailu: [tʰoi˥ van˥ hak̚˨ fa˩]
Dapu: [tʰoi˧ van˩˩˧ kʰak̚˨˩ fa˥˧]
Raoping: [tʰoi˧ van˥ kʰak̚˥ fa˨˦]
Zhao'an: [tʰai˧ ban˥˧ kʰa˥ su˥]
Native toTaiwan
RegionTaoyuan, Miaoli, Hsinchu, Pingtung, Kaohsiung, Taichung, Nantou, Changhua, Yunlin, Yilan, Hualien and Taitung
Native speakers
2,580,000 (2015)[1]
Latin (Pha̍k-fa-sṳ), Han characters (traditional)
Official status
Official language in
Regulated byHakka Affairs Council
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6htia
Taiwanese Hakka usage map in 2010.svg
Proportion of residents aged 6 or older using Hakka at home in Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen & Matsu in 2010

Taiwanese Hakka is a language group consisting of Hakka dialects spoken in Taiwan, and mainly used by people of Hakka ancestry. Taiwanese Hakka is divided into five main dialects: Sixian (四縣腔), Hailu (海陸腔), Dabu (大埔腔), Raoping (饒平腔), and Zhao'an [zh] (詔安腔).[4] The most widely spoken of the five Hakka dialects in Taiwan are Sixian and Hailu.[5] The former, possessing 6 tones, originates from Meizhou, Guangdong, and is mainly spoken in Miaoli, Pingtung and Kaohsiung, while the latter, possessing 7 tones, originates from Haifeng and Lufeng, Guangdong, and is concentrated around Hsinchu.[4][5] Taiwanese Hakka is also officially listed as one of the national languages of Taiwan. In addition to the five main dialects, there are the northern Xihai dialect and the patchily-distributed Yongding, Fengshun, Wuping, Wuhua, and Jiexi dialects.

Hakka-related tourist attractions in Taiwan

See also


  1. ^ National language in Taiwan;[2] also statutory status in Taiwan as one of the languages for public transport announcements[citation needed] and for the naturalisation test[3]


  1. ^ Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2019). "Chinese, Hakka". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (22nd ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Draft national language development act clears legislative floor". Central News Agency. 2018-12-25.
  3. ^ "Standards for Identification of Basic Language Abilities and General Knowledge of the Rights and Duties of Naturalized Citizens" (PDF). Republic of China (Taiwan): Ministry of the Interior. Amended 9 April 2016. Article 6. Archived from the original on 25 July 2017. Accessed 20 July 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Distribution and resurgence of the Hakka language". Hakka Affairs Council. 16 July 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Chapter 2: People and Language" (PDF). The Republic of China Yearbook. Republic of China (Taiwan): Government Information Office. 2010. p. 42. ISBN 9789860252781. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-08-05.

External links

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