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Thirteen Communities Redirected from Tredici Comuni

Map of northern Italy showing the location of the Thirteen Communities

The Thirteen Communities (Cimbrian: Dreizehn Komoin, German: Dreizehn Gemeinden, Italian: Tredici Comuni) were a group of municipalities in the Veneto region that spoke the Cimbrian language, a dialect of Upper German, as their native tongue. The municipalities are located on a high plateau northeast of Verona.

List

  1. Vellje
  2. Roveràit
  3. gen Wiese
  4. Brunghe and Ljetzan (a frazione of Brunghe)
  5. Nuagankirchen
  6. kam' Àbato
  7. kame Cire
  8. Salàin
  9. Asarin (Azzarino), a part of Vellje
  10. Bòrtolom (San Bortolo), a frazione of Brunghe
  11. Porrental (Val di Porro), frazione of Nuagankirchen
  12. Tavernole, a frazione of San Mauro di Saline
  13. Kampsilvan (Camposilvano), a frazione of Vellje

History

The thirteen communities formed together into a loose commonwealth around 1280. They were historically under the suzerainty of the Milanese House of Visconti and then under the Republic of Venice. Under both they enjoyed wide cultural and political autonomy in exchange for their loyalty. The autonomous status came to an end with the Napoleonic Wars and the demise of the Serenìssima in 1797.

Due to the high pressure from the Italianization from fascists such as Ettore Tolomei and the government of Benito Mussolini did the Cimbrian language eventually almost completely disappear and become extinct. Only in Ljetzan has Cimbrian partly survived.

Ljetzan has the cultural institute "Tautsche Püachar Haus" and ethnological museum which is a repository of the Cimbrian culture and cooperates with other linguistic enclaves in Luserna and the Seven Communities. Vestiges of the once dominant language can be found in some place names.

Example

The Cimbrian that was spoken in the Thirteen Communities was a slightly different dialect from Cimbrian spoken elsewhere.

Cimbrian German English

Vatar usar
ta Do pist ime Himmel,
gaholagat sait Dai name.
Kime Daine Raich.[1]

Vater unser
der Du bist im Himmel,
geheiligt werde Dein Name.
Dein Reich komme.

Our Father
who are in heaven,
hallowed be your name.
Your kingdom come,

References

  1. ^ "Das Vaterunser auf Zimbrisch (13 Gemeinden)" (in Cimbrian). Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 2006. Retrieved 2011-05-13. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)

External links



This page was last updated at 2021-05-15 17:57, update this pageView original page

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