Tucano language

Native toBrazil, Colombia
EthnicityTucano people
Native speakers
4,600 in Brazil (2006)[1]
1,500–2,000 in Colombia (no date)[2]
including Pisamira?
  • Eastern
    • North
      • Tucano
Official status
Official language in
 Brazil (São Gabriel da Cachoeira)
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
tuo – Tucano
arj – Arapaso
Glottologtuca1252  Tucano
arap1275  Arapaso

Tucano, also Tukano or Tucana, endonym Dahseyé (Dasea), is a Tucanoan language spoken in Amazonas, Brazil and Colombia.

Many Tariana people, speakers of the endangered Tariana language are switching to Tucano.



Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop plain p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Fricative s h
Trill r
Approximant w j


Front Central Back
High i ĩ ɨ ɨ̃ u ũ
Mid e ẽ o õ
Low a ã


See also


  1. ^ Tucano at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Arapaso at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Tucano at Ethnologue (10th ed., 1984). Note: Data may come from the 9th edition (1978).
  3. ^ Endangered Languages Project data for Tukano.
  4. ^ Aikhenvald, 1996.



  • A Fala Tukano dos Ye'pâ-Masa: Tomo I: Gramática . Henri Ramirez (1997) · Manaus: Inspetoria Salesiana Missionária da Amazônia, CEDEM.
  • Welch, Betty and West, Birdie (2000). In Lenguas indígenas de Colombia: una visión descriptiva edited by González de Pérez, María Stella and Rodríguez de Montes, María Luisa. Instituto Caro y Cuervo.
  • Bibliografía de la familia lingüística Tukano (antes Betoya) ( pp. 79-104 ). Marcelino de Castellvi (1939). In Proceedings of the second convention of the Inter American Bibliographical and Library Association 2:2 Washington, D.C.
  • Campbell, Lyle. (1997). American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
  • Proto Tucanoan ( pp. 119-149 ). Nathan E. Waltz and Alva Wheeler (1972). In Comparative Studies in Amerindian Languages Mouton de Gruyter.

External links

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