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Turama–Kikorian languages

Turama–Kikorian
Rumu – Omati River
Geographic
distribution
Gulf Province, Papua New Guinea
Linguistic classificationPapuan Gulf ?
  • Kikorian
    • Turama–Kikorian
Subdivisions
Glottologtura1263[1]
Turama-Kikorian languages.svg
Map: The Turama–Kikorian languages of New Guinea
  The Turama–Kikorian languages
  Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages
  Uninhabited

The Turama–Kikorian languages are a family identified by Arthur Capell (1962) and part of the Trans–New Guinea languages (TNG) family in the classifications of Stephen Wurm (1975) and Malcolm Ross (2005). The family is named after the Turama River and Kikori River of southern Papua New Guinea.

Languages

The four languages are clearly related, though Rumu is divergent. Ross states that Rumu links the other (Turama) languages to TNG.

  • Turama–Kikorian family

Fauna names

Below are some turtle names, with additional names in Porome, Kiwaian, and Kutubuan languages also provided for comparison:[2]

Language [Location] Emydura subglobosa Elseya novaeguineae Carettochelys insculpta Pelochelys bibroni Marine turtle
Ikobi [Kasere] (Kaiam) Kaso bubal Kaso bubal Kaso Uwo Kaso Mimiri
Foroba (Omo, Kuru) Kinisuga Kesoga Buguama Mimiri
Rumu (Kopi, Ogamabu, Irimuku, Lalau, Ario, Waira) Kehoko Kehoko, Purapati Piku Mimiri, Otohehe
Porome [Kibiri] (Veiru, Doibo) Ketori Ketori Watemui Kauri
Porome [Porome] (Ero, Wowou) Ketoko Ketoko Watemu Dabeuri
Kerewo [Goaribari] (Apeawa, Samoa) Koimo[3] Uwo[4] Unawaya Mirimiri, Gamo[5]
Kiwai, Northeast [Urama] (Veraibari) Koimo Koimo Va’ema[6] Goava’ema Mia Mia
Foi (Soro, Wasami, Tugiri, Kese, Kapoi) Baregwarabo
Fasu (Wairo, Hebaya) Eketaiyaa

Names for Emydura subglobosa and Elseya novaeguineae are generally identical or similar.

See also: Yam languages#Fauna names.

References

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Turama–Kikori". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Georges, A., Guarino, F., & Bito, B. (2006). Freshwater turtles of the TransFly region of Papua New Guinea – notes on diversity, distribution, reproduction, harvest and trade. Wildlife Research, 33(5), 373. doi:10.1071/wr05087
  3. ^ Confirmed for Samoa Village, Aird Hills by Martin Steer.
  4. ^ Confirmed for Samoa Village, Aird Hills by Martin Steer.
  5. ^ Name provided by Martin Steer for Samoa Village (Kerewo), Aird Hills.
  6. ^ Ma’ema has been recorded for Gope dialect, Kiwai NE language by Robert Petterson.
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.

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